were first to note that Kimura disease is different from angiolymphoid hyperplasia. Kimura’s disease occurred mainly around the ear with frequent involvement of salivary gland.  The lesions are rubbery and irregular or nodular. Cut surface is gray to light brown and may contain embedded lymph nodes and attached salivary gland and muscle.  Microscopically the lesions are unencapsulated and ill defined, characterized by fibrocollagenous tissue, lymphoid tissue and a mixed inflammatory cell infiltrate with numerous eosinophils.
Hispathology The pathological characteristic or features of Angiocentric Glioma are quite similar to other types of brain tumors such as astrocytomas and ependymomas. Yet, their occurrences are rare in cases and this make accurate diagnosis difficult. In general, Angiocentric Glioma is demonstrating an angiocentric pattern and it composed of diffusely infiltrating, monomorphic, bipolar spindle cells which is arranged in around blood vessels in concentric sleeves and pseudorosettes. Plus, the immunohistochemical staining result for this tumor is typically positive mostly for glial fibrillary acidic protein. CASE STUDY PATIENT DEMOGRAPHIC’S
Keywords: Odontogenic cysts, Odontogenic cyst fluid, Total protein content, Albumin, Prealbumin. Introduction The odontogenic cystic lesions include inflammatory cysts like radicular cyst, developmental cysts like dentigerous cysts and benign tumors like keratocystic odontogenic tumor which was previously called odontogenic keratocyst. Clinical and radiologic indices are often inadequate to discriminate reliably among these
Abstract Goldenhar’s syndrome was rare condition initially in the early 1950s. It is characterized by a combination of anomalies which include dermal epibulbar cysts, auricular appendices and malformations of the ears. The diagnosis of the syndrome should be based on the individual’s clinical finding which should further be associated with systemic conditions and radiological findings. To confirm a diagnosis the subject should at least have microtia and preauricular or auricular abnormalities. Here, we are reporting a case of Goldenhar’s syndrome, where almost all the classical signs of this rare condition were present.
In addition patients may have sinus obstruction symptoms.39 Diagnosis is based on the observation of polyps extending from the sinonasal mucosa.42 Anterior rhinoscopy is a basic tool of physical examination and helps to identify polyp or polypoidal swelling in nasal cavity and to make diagnosis.43 Anterior rhinoscopy of nasal polyps reveals multiple pale grey polypoidal masses most frequently in middle meatus prolapsing into the nasal cavity. They are insensitive to palpation and rarely
It is common in neonates and children due to malrotation. In the literature, there are other causes such as congenital bands, post-operative adhesions, duplication cyst, meconium plug, Meckel's diverticulum, internal herniation, and ventriculoperitoneal shunt (1-4). Intestinal volvulus without underlying causes called primary segmental volvulus ( PSV ). It is a rare condition few cases were reported in the literature. We report a case diagnosed as acute appendicitis clinically and radiologically, intraoperatively shows a primary segmental volvulus of the ileum associated with Inflamed Appendix and fecolith at the
In the presence of a positive family history, VHL disease can be diagnosed clinically in a patient with at least one typical VHL tumor. Typical VHL tumors are retinal, spinal and cerebellar haemangioblastoma, renal cell carcinoma, and pheochromocytoma. In patients with a negative family history of VHL-associated tumors, a diagnosis of VHL disease can also be made when they exhibit two or more haemangioblastomas, or a single haemangioblastoma in association with another typical manifestation.6, 7 One fourthof the patients present with tumors of other organs and more than half of the patient have retinal hemangiomas, which are supplied by retinal feeder vessels, along with exudation and can present with vitreous hemorrhage. Retinal hemangiomas are the early manifestation of the disease. The hemangioma can be exophytic, endophytic or sessile.
A RARE CASE: AN ADVANCED STAGE HEPATOCELLULAR CARCİNOMA PATİENT PRESENTED WİTH MULTİPLE SPLENİC METASTASES SUMMARY: Hepatocellular carcinoma is the most common primary liver tumor and it is one of the most common cause of deaths in patients with cirhosis. İt’s histopathologic diagnosis is difficult because biopsy usually couldn’t perform due to risc of bleeding. Clinicians especially diagnose it with radiologic and clinical parameters of patient. Splenic metastases are rarely conditions. But when its present we should make an examination for finding primary tumor.
Distoproximal caries was noted with 64 and so as to investigate further, routine radiographic examinations were carried out. The radiographs revealed impacted lateral incisors both right, left and Distoproximal decay with 64 (Fig 2a, b and c). 2a 2b 2c Fig 2a, b and c. showing blocked lateral incisors and Distoproximal decay with 64. A multidisciplinary approach is desirable to manage this type of case. The mesiodens was extracted under local anesthesia (Fig 3) along with the extraction of 64 followed by orthodontic space closure by a removable appliance (Fig 4).
This results in damage to the spinal cord and nerves. There are three different types of spina bifida, varying in severity and complications. The most serious type is called myelomeningocele, which, when translated, literally means “protrusion of the spinal cord meninges.” The translation is very accurate, because it is in this type that a sac of fluid comes through an opening on the baby’s back in which part of
Ultrasound is particularly advantageous in this case because blood flow to the tumor can be assessed in the same exam using Doppler settings. Pathologies wherein tendons pull a portion of Cortical bone away from the bone surface, such as Osgood-Schlatter disease and avulsion fractures, are often well depicted with ultrasound. Stress fractures too small to be seen on radiographs can often be directly seen with ultrasound. Ultrasound is also a valuable tool for diagnosing and monitoring rheumatic diseases. The orthopedic pathologies which can be diagnosed with ultrasound are numerous.
This Neural tube defect is not as common, but it is one of the most severe cases. Each year, about 1,000 babies are affected. Anencephaly can occur when the top portion of the spinal cord doesn’t close all the way. That baby that is born with this will have little to no brain matter. The baby may be missing some of its skull, and will have birth defects of the head and face.
“Noonan syndrome is characterized by distinctive facial features, short stature, congenital heart disease, skeletal anomalies, and other co morbidities” (Pierpont et al., 2014, p.385). Each of these characteristics can be common in individuals with Noonan Syndrome, yet they vary depending on the person. Short stature is only seen in around 50-60% of the population, and heart defects are found at a slightly higher rate of 50-62% in individuals. However, prevalence of heart defects increases to 85% if the individual has a gene mutation with PTPN11 (Pierpont et al., 2009). The most common type of heart defect found in those with Noonan Syndrome is pulmonary stenosis (Shaw, Kalidas, Crosby, Jeffery, & Patton, 2006).
Neurofibromatosis 1 (NF1) is the most common form of NF. NF1 is also is called von Recklinghausen NF. Cafe-au-lait spots are one of the signs of NF1. These spots are skin abnormalities that are flat on the skin and darker than the surrounding skin. Another characteristic are neurofibromas (Children’s Tumor Foundation, n.d.).