Surgery is the mainstay of treatment. We report a very rare case of Littre hernia which is a complication of Meckel 's diverticulum and presented with an irreducible mass in right inguinal site KEY WORDS Littre's inguinal hernia ,Meckel’s diverticulum , Ectopic gastric mucosa , irreducible , peptic ulceration . INTRODUCTION Littre’s Hernia is an
Diagnosis: Diagnosis of acute Charcot joint or neuropathy is quite difficult, clinical suspicion is highly important. Infection is the primary differential diagnosis, most prominently either cellulitis or osteomyelitis. Imaging and examination are used to find out if there is infection; if not, then the diagnosis would most likely be Charcot joint. Clinical image such as a warm, edematous, erythematous joint with intact pulses in the absence of infection is Charcot foot until proven otherwise. If edema and erythema disappear with 5-10 minutes of leg rising in the supine patient, it is suggestive of Neuropathy.
ABSTRACT Odontogenic keratocyst is the common cyst of odontogenic origin, which draws the attention because of its peculiarity. Now the lesion is renamed as Keratocystic odontogenic tumour (KCOT) because of its neoplastic nature and its tendency to recur. KCOT occurs most commonly in the mandibular ramus area. Maxillary anterior region is a rare site of occurrence. We present a rare case of maxillary KCOT with its clinical features, radiographic and histopathological and surgical management.
Abstract Rhabdomyosarcomas are malignant skeletal muscle tumors. They account for about 50% of soft tissue sarcomas in children. The usual sites include head and neck(35%),extremities, trunk,retroperitoneum. Lesser common sites include the genitourinary. The cervix is one of the least common sites in genitourinary tract.We report a case of Cervical Rhabdomyosarcoma who was misdiagnosed as Vaginal RMS and was started on chemotherapy.
Bernard-Soulier syndrome is an inherited platelet disorder caused by a defect in a gene responsible for a receptor that aids platelets in adhering to the lining of injured blood vessels. This disorder is characterized by thrombocytopenia and large nonfunctional platelets (Pham,2007). Patients often present initially with bleeding symptoms such as purpua, epistaxis, ecchymosis, bleeding of the gums, and menorrhagia (Lanza,2006). Diagnosis is further confirmed by platelet aggregation studies and flow cytometry. Treatment is mainly supportive, such as, the use of DDAVP to shorten bleeding times, with more serious hemorrhages being treated with platelet transfusions.
There are many symptoms such as hoarseness, swallowing problems, swelling in neck, chest or upper back pains, and many more to include. (AHA) Marfan syndrome and Loeys-Dietz syndrome are very alike in the way that they both have the condition, Thoracic Aortic Aneurysm and many other comparisons. (Marfan Foundation) Some of the symptoms they share is stretch marks, variable skeletal findings, and Dural Ectasia. Both Marfan and Loeys-Dietz syndrome are found throughout the body, making both of these genetic disorders impossible to cure. (Marfan
The infected individual will develop vesicles or lesions over the body that are fluid filled and have a high probability of rupturing. Patients will typically present with hundreds of lesions or vesicles. The length of time for vesicle formation is 4-5 days (Soman & Madan, 2013). Chicken pox can be transmitted airborne or through direct contact with the fluid present in the vesicles (Soman & Madan, 2013). Patients with chickenpox are considered infectious48 hours prior to the vesicular rash (Soman & Madan, 2013).
Cancer is a group of more than 200 different diseases, and can generally be described as an uncontrolled growth and spread of cells, in which abnormal cells are able to invade other tissues through the lymphatic system or the bloodstream(1). It may be caused by internal factors (such as inherited mutation, hormones, immune deficiencies, conditions and mutations arising from metabolism) or external factors (tobacco, radiation, chemicals or infectious organisms) (2). The twentieth century has often been called as the disease century. This is because more than a hundred sorts of cancer have been found in this century, and secondly, because colossal medicinal endeavors were made to battle all kinds of cancers all over the world. In the early decades of the century, cancer was considered to be a fatal disease, and although many cancers remain deadly, medical therapy has developed essentially over the years such that most cancers
There are four distinct stages of bone remodeling, specifically, activation, resorption, reversal and formation. Activation is initiated by the recruitment of osteoclast precursors into the areas that need be absorbed. The precursor cells fuse to become preosteoclast cells and mature further into osteoclasts. Once activated, osteoclasts acidify and release resorptive enzymes leading to the formation of resorption cavities. After their job is accomplished, the osteoclast undergo apoptosis.
There are hundreds of lymph nodes found in the body. You can find them located in the lungs and heart or you can find them under the arm or in the groin. One of the most common conditions in this system is call lymphadenopathy which is the enlargement of lymph nodes. Swelling occurs due to lymph node blockage and cancers. Infections that cause this condition include bacterial infections such as strep throat.
Amyloidosis occurs mostly in people whose myeloma has the light chain components of immunoglobulins to form a sticky protein called amyloid, impairs the function of whichever organ it is in. The kidney damage due to myeloma is fatigue, nausea, vomiting there also could be no signs and could cause foamy urine. Hyperviscostly syndrome can cause bruising from the mouth, nose, headaches, confusion, sleepiness, and problems with feeling their limbs. A bone marrow sample is taken to see what stage you can be treated
Specific Characteristics : Crohn’s most commonly affects the end of the small bowel and the beginning of the colon, but it may affect any part of the gastrointestinal tract, from the mouth to the anus. Crohn’s disease can also affect the entire thickness of the bowel wall. The inflammation of the intestine can skip,leaving normal areas in the bowel between patches of diseased intestine. Causes: The cause of Crohn 's disease is unknown. However, it is likely due to an abnormal response of the immune system.
Basal cell carcinoma symptoms include the appearance of a bump or growth that is “pearly or waxy, white or light pink, and sometimes even raised slightly or flat,” (Medline Plus). (4. Medline Plus. (U.S. National Library of Medicine). (2013): Basal Cell Carcinoma).
Musculoskeletal Diseases Musculoskeletal diseases can cause both major or minor physical disabilities that can be critical. Some musculoskeletal diseases don 't have a cure but there are many treatment options. Two examples of Musculoskeletal diseases are Fibrous Dysplasia of Bone and Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy. Fibrous Dysplasia is a genetic disease that is characterized by bone pain deformities and fractures that involve one or more bones. Fibrous Dysplasia is associated with osteoblastic defects along with increased bone resorption.