King Oedipus’ Search for Truth: Positive or Negative? Adages, with stunning concision and generality, often provide blunt, genuine commonalities of the human experience. One such maxim goes, ignorance is bliss. In other words, those who live under a guise fool themselves away from real truth; a truth typically of startling or dramatic proportions. Athenian tragedian Sophocles expands upon this concept in his play Oedipus the King—a tale of a fated king in his relentless pursuit of truth eventually learning that he had killed his father and married his mother.
Homer also teaches that if one cannot keep their cool wisdom and strength are nothing. Odysseus who watched his men be cannibalized by the Cyclops but was patience for his right time to escape. Even in a story like the Odyssey we can learn much of what Homer tries to show us. The Odyssey was truly a story that entailed interesting characters, a strong plot, and a worthwhile theme. Written by Homer in a time of pagan worship it reflects the period in which it was written.
Hamlet played the insanity, when said the girl should go to the nunnery or advised her: “marry a fool; for wise men know well enough what monsters you make of them” (Shakespeare 65). The prince turns to a normal man again during the discussion of the future play with actors or the dialogue with Horatio. “And after we will both our judgments join In censure of his seeming” (Shakespeare 69), this phrase suggest Hamlet is still capable of adequate actions. There can be some level of insanity, as the plan with actors look too convoluted for a normal man. But it was an adequate decision for prince’s conditions, as he could not directly accuse Claudius of murder with the existent evidential base.
In Homer's epic poem, The Odyssey, the greek values of cleverness, hospitality, and loyalty are featured and are either rewarded or punished. The greek value of cleverness is presented in Homer's epic poem The Odyssey and is either rewarded or punished due to the degree it is used by and by whom. For example, when Odysseus and his men are trapped in Cyclops’ cave, and they need to trick him to escape but when he asks for Odysseus’ name, he responds with, "My name is Nohbdy; Mother, father, and friends. Everybody calls me Nohbdy." (IX 397-398) Odysseus is clever by doing this because he will never get the blame when Cyclops wants revenge after they escape.
In his epics The Iliad and The Odyssey, Homer provides an even-handed portrait of the heroes Achilles and Odysseus. By choosing not to idealize these heroes, Homer provides an insight into the values of ancient Greek culture; both Achilles and Odysseus represent prized characteristics, but also illustrate the dangers of hubris and excessive individualism. Both Achilles and Odysseus cause numerous deaths through their own inflated sense of individualism and pride, but both also illuminate the benefits of their personal strengths when faced with problems throughout The Iliad and The Odyssey. Odysseus, in The Odyssey, thinks he knows what’s best for himself and his men, which on occasion is true, but just as often leads to issues that he could have easily avoided with proper communication. For example, when Odysseus and his crew encounter the Lotus-Eaters, he acts on their behalf, to their benefit: I hauled them back
When people study the story enough they can see their favorite characters through thin veils. On the whole, The Odyssey is a story of wit, bravery, and determinism. This story teaches people to think outside of the box and to persevere no matter what they are trying to do. “survive alone, bereft of all companions, lost for years”(Homer 973), and to, “make a fair sacrifice to Lord Poseidon”(Homer 974). Tiresias told Odysseus what he had to do to survive and he guided Odysseus, set him on the right path and told him of the hardships he would have to face.
His appearance concealed, Odysseus witnesses his home overrun by fools and his family turned cynical. It is in this moment that Odysseus understands Athene’s disguise: he must be as cunning now as he had been in Troy, because “home can be just as dangerous as the battlefield.” (Hedges). C. Odysseus is recognized by servants to his family, his
In The Clouds, Aristophanes uses Strepsiades to the flaws in traditional ways by making his character dishonest and stupid, but he also ends up favoring tradition, which supports Aristophanes message. Aristophanes also uses Right and Wrong to show the flaws of both tradition and modernity. It’s not that the older values are better, it’s just that Socrates approach is bad. Without the good and bad examples, how would the Athenian citizens know right from wrong? You need a mixture of modernity and tradition, but Aristophanes ultimately sides with
After Macbeth agrees to the plan, explains that he has “no spur To prick the sides of my intent, but only Vaulting ambition, which o’erleaps itself And falls on the other…” (I, sc vii, 25-27). Unlike most Aristotelian tragic heroes, Macbeth admits outright his fatal flaw. Macbeth’s flaw encourages him to kill King Duncan and many other negative actions, which sets up him for his downfall. Once Macbeth has power in his hands, he will not want to let go. Without this fatal flaw, Macbeth would have no ambition or motivation to murder the
Beatrice not only stands out as a character in Much Ado but in all of Shakespeare's plays because she is unrestricted by the expectation of her gender, especially, considering the time period. During the Elizabethan Era, Queen Elizabeth, also known as The Virgin Queen, was not married. Her reasons to remain spouseless are unclear, but if she were to marry, there could have been an instability in politics, she would have to share her throne and conform to obeying her husband. Conceivably, Olivia and Beatrice's refusal to marriage was a reflection of the Queen's actions. It can be hypothesised that Shakespeare was testing the waters to break gender norms and perceiving women as independent, dominant and powerful beings through his
He takes Haimon’s well-spoken remark, and turns it into an insult against his son’s age. This is something that a character lacking self-confidence would argue as soon as their motives are challenged. Confrontation should not insight insult, it should insight intelligent and respectful conversation. It might be slightly more normal to argue with your family over serious issues, but Kreon upholds his undesirable traits even when speaking to the world’s most renowned and respected seer of the future, Tiresias. Tiresias, old and blind, has a guide lead him to Thebes to tell Kreon that his actions have upset the gods, and that he must free Antigone and allow her to give Polyneices a proper burial (998-1032).
By having Medea essentially win at the end of the story in her quest of revenge, Euripides has shown that males have almost a duty to be honorable in their oaths to females. This male audience would have taken it as a potential threat to “male hegemony that was demonstrably dangerous” (Fletcher 30). Euripides for the better or worst, depending on how the male audience reacted, controversially sobered the viewers into the reality of honoring women. To add, “in Aristophanes 's Frogs, the poet Aeschylus complains that Euripides has made tragedy democratic by allowing his women and slaves to talk as well as the master of the house“(Foley 13). This is unquestionably true, especially with how the play begins.
Even in Eshu’s story it is implied that Eshu started the fight amongst the Gods, and most likely went on a journey to appease more to his own ego than for the sake of others (Hyde 112). These instances show that tricksters might be the creators of chaos, but when it favors to their agenda then they can quickly remedy the problem. This backs up the claim that the trickster is not the villain in mythology stories. This is what I feel is the most significant about the tricksters, and also the reason why I feel drawn to these three particular figures. The gods also recognize how the trickster can remedy problems, albeit the fact that the problems might not even be caused by them.