Introduction: Intussusception is a common gastrointestinal emergency in the pediatric population. This illness is a conversion in which a portion of the intestine telescopes into another adjacent distal segment of the intestine and causes bowel and ileocolic obstruction. Intussusception is considered a frequent cause of abdominal pain in pediatric patients. It is well described in infants, with an incidence of 0.1 to 0.4 % nonetheless it is less well-established in neonates.1, 2 In fewer than 10% of the patients, a surgical lead point can be determined as a plausible etiology. Cecal duplication as a lead-point of neonatal intussusception is extremely rare.
INTRODUCTION Central Venous Catheter (CVC) is a catheter placed into a large vein to obtain an intravenous access. Its use has become indispensable in the management of critically ill patients. Central venous catheters are used for hemodynamic monitoring, measurement of Central Venous Pressure, hemodialysis / plasmapheresis and in setting of difficult peripheral venous access in critically ill patients. Despite its benefits, central venous catheters have drawbacks as well. Insertion of central venous catheters can be associated with mechanical complications like arterial puncture, hematoma formation and pneumothorax and hemothorax.
Smoking is a huge risk factor because it impairs the healing process. Some plastic surgeons will even think twice about operating on a smoker because it can lead to bad results (like loss of a tissue expander). Client’s with diabetes, hypertension, or a BMI greater than 35 are also at risk for postoperative complications. Some client’s will still be undergoing chemotherapy or radiation and will need to be monitored to make sure their treatments are not causing any adverse reactions. Not every client is prepared to undergo breast reconstruction as soon as they are made aware of it.
FETAL DISTRESS The terms fetal distress and birth asphyxia are broad terms which may point at an adverse condition affecting the fetus. Fetal distress is a a term used to describe a situation where the clinician feels that the fetus is hypoxic or acidotic or is at risk of becoming so and this concern is significant enough to warrant intervention, usually in the form of operative delivery100. Fetal asphyxia is clinically defined as progressive hypoxaemia and hypercapnia with significant metabolic acidemia100. In practice, obstetricians put great emphasis on monitoring of the fetal heart rate patterns as the main means of assessing fetal well- being in labour, whether done by intermittent auscultation or continuous electronic methods. However,
Tension pneumocranium developes when there is a continuous accumulation of air in the intracranial cavity. It is a rarely encounterable but treatable neurosurgical emergency. A high index of clinical suspicion with corroboration of imaging is needed for accurate diagnosis and prompt action is required to avoid severe consequences. Most patients were treated with decompressive surgery from previous literatures and seldom treated conservatively. A case of tension pneumocranium in a 73 years old women patient who had undergone bifrontal craniotomy and transnasal endoscopic resection of cribriform plate meningioma was described.
The baby’s growth may be slowed down in case of severe anemia. Women who are anemic during pregnancy are at a higher risk of delivering a premature baby. Your baby may have low birth weight or suffer from other infections during infancy. The development of your baby may be affected due to this and he/she may also be anemic. If you lose a lot of blood during the delivery and become anemic, it may lead to many other infections and cause other complications.
Diabetic ketoacidosis DKA leads to recurrent hospitalization because of uncontrolled blood sugar and dehydration. Treatment of diabetic ketoacidosis includes correction of dehydration, hyperglycemia (high blood sugar), ketoacidosis and electrolyte deficit (Chiasson et al., 2003). Consequently, there is a significant influence on patient outcome and care cost connected with diabetic ketoacidosis DKA
Physiologically changes and preparation for the birthing process are key components of prenatal care as well. For mothers to have a healthy pregnancy, they need to be educated on the changes so that they are accepted. Women need to be taught that during pregnancy mothers are susceptible for more diseases and health issues due to physiological changes made to the body. Such as signs and symptoms of preeclampsia which is high blood pressure protein in the urine after the 20th week. This is a result of the placenta not functioning properly, poor nutrition, high body fat, or insufficient blood flow to the uterus.
the anti platelet theraphy can be used to patients who experiences clinical situation.an aortic bollon pump can be used to help patients with left ventricle systolic disfunction .. despite whatever amount or degree the aortic ballon pump can be utilised but it must be borne in our mind that a severe peripheral vascular disease of the aortoiliac and femoral arteries is a contraindication to IABP temporary position, expected high risk of lower extremity ischemia. The IABP is used to patients with severe aortic valve and the balloon treatment will worsened the condition. Patients who are stabilized are the only ones where coronary angiography should be performed and must be taken into a good care by surgical means in order to restore the circulation of blood so that the flow of blood can be maintained, in order to regulate prognosis. The people under the medical managing department will be of help in treating vsd include Digoxin is a medication which will help the heart to pump all the needed amount of blood by tightening or strengthing the muscles