Do human beings have free will over their fate? Contradictory ideas are expressed through this concept as it is explored through various works such as “Censors” by Luisa Valenzuela, Oedipus Rex by Sophocles and “Cranes” by Hwang Sun-won. In “Censors,” the protagonist, Juan, is pressured by society to become someone who he does not want to become. In Oedipus Rex, the protagonist, Oedipus, becomes obsessed with finding his identity, which in the end hurts him more than it helps. “Cranes” by Hwang Sun-won is a story about two childhood friends, Songsam and Tokchae, that grow apart and encounter each other by chance as enemies.
The Queen who was Laios' wife, is also Oedipus's mother, who he will marry as the new king of Thebes and contribute even more to his eventual downfall and death. Oedipus was taught to believe his parents were Polybus and Merope, when he hears word that those may not be his parents he decides he must know the answer. Oedipus decides to go to Thebes and find the truth of his origin. During the journey he ends up fulfilling an earlier prophecy that he would kill his father.
In addition to that, Odysseus is less merciful to others who have wronged him while Harry Potter, though he has suffered much, shows great mercy. Odysseus as soon as he comes home tells his son, “ I came to this wild place, directed by Athena, so that we might lay plans to kill our enemies” ( Homer 1080-1082). Odysseus had such vengeance on his mind that he would start planning as soon as he had come home, yet it seemed that he would spare not one of them, no matter how great or little their involvement. Harry Potter, on the other hand, could have hunted down the rest of Voldemort’s followers, but he left them alone to look for forgiveness and what is right. Finally, Odysseus was a great fighter known for his bow and arrow skills while Harry Potter was just a wizard.
After hearing the prophecy from the prophet that their child Oedipus will kill his father and marry his mother, they ordered a shepherd man to kill Oedipus and leave him to die in the mountainside. Even so, Oedipus still survived the ordeal after the shepherd man chose not to kill him, as he could not bear to do so. As for Oedipus, he left Corinth after hearing a similar prophecy. He did so to prevent killing Polybus whom he thought was his real father.
Thinking back on his life, Krakaeur says "Writing these words more than a dozen years later, its no longer entirely clear just how I thought soloing the Devils Thumb would transform my life". Without thought,
Oedipus is informed by the oracle through Creon that the only way to get rid of the plague is to locate and punish the killer of former king Laius. In response, Oedipus delivers a personal edict to his people to find the murderer. Doing so, Oedipus paints himself as the good and just king that he is. Furthermore, in Oedipus’ search, he declared, “[I]f with my privity, [the murderer] should become an inmate of my house, I may suffer the same things which I have just called down upon others” (132). Oedipus’ declarations during his search paint him as the quintessential enlightened despot, one that does not favor family and doles out only just punishments.
King Laius and his queen Jocasta received an oracle, delivering some news of a prophecy “it declared that doom would strike him down at the hands of a son, our son, to be born of our flesh and blood, but Laius, so the report goes at least, was killed by strangers, thieves” Jocasta was telling Oedipus about the oracle that she and her husband received long ago about their own son that he would kill his father. But when her husband; the king, died it was reported that he was killed by strangers or thieves meaning the prophecy did not come true. If the report of the murder stated that one man killed the king then the queen would have suspicion, but because it was a group of people she did not give it much thought and thought the prophecies were futile. Denying facts and being ignorant to the truth will not make fate
It was almost as if they had left their strength with him, to help him on his journey.” Another example is “ So he had to shake the fear of to continue the journey” These examples prove that Salva was determined because he knew that his family would want him to make the trip.
The free will of Oedipus’ father, King Laius, to banish his son from his kingdom led to Oedipus killing him and marrying his own mother, allowing fate to play out. In Antigone, the deaths of many characters were due to their own choices. Haemon, son of Creon, makes the conscious decision to commit suicide in order to be with his loved one. Eurydice, wife of Creon, makes the decision to commit suicide when she hears her son has killed himself. Creon unknowingly put these events into play when he made the individual decision to outlaw the burial of Polynices.
Ambition or murder? Lady Macbeth’s ambition and her desire to become the queen is the driving force behind Duncan and her husband’s demise. This can be seen in her decision to act upon the prophecy, her questioning of Macbeth’s manhood when he was unwilling to kill Duncan and the fact that she was the one guilty for coming up with a plan to murder Duncan.
By Sophocles revisiting the past experience with the Sphinx it creates tension in mystery. The foreshadowing makes you want to find out what happened in the past and would also keep the crowd or audience engaged. It also provides you with information about Oedipus like his morals and how he works under pressure. You learn that since he solved the riddle by himself without aid of the gods purely from his intellect. This also shows you why he is so rude to Tiresias and claims that he will solve the mystery by himself.
This time around, he was given another life sentence plus fifty-four years. At this point he was ragging and hurt, missing his family, friends and right to freedom. He went back and forth with the thought of killing Poole but after talking to his dad about it, decided he would try to make the best of his life, no matter how hard it would be. He explained that he wanted to leave it in God’s hands since he knew he was an innocent man. God would lead him in the right direction.
He discovered that she was married to Uriah the Hittite, but this did not stop him from sending for her and getting her pregnant. He then recalled Uriah from battle and pretended that Uriah was the father of Bathsheba’s baby. Uriah refused to go home to his wife, so David sent Uriah to the front lines of battle, where he was killed. David then married Bathsheba. When confronted by Nathan the prophet, David admitted his sin.
While he is escaping his fate he runs into his real father Laius, who he does not know is his real father, and kills him. He arrives at Thebes where his birth mother lives and ends up marrying her, also believing it was just a random women. The Oracle predicted all of these things to happen, while Oedipus thought he was winning, he never knew he was actually fulfilling his destiny. As he gathered more information about the truth, he uncovers that he did in fact marry his mother and kill his father. Disgusted with himself, he gauges his eyeballs out and exiles himself from Thebes, and his hometown, Corinth.
Human beings have been baffled by existential questions and conflicts throughout history, and we humans attempt to answer these questions and reconcile these conflicts through various cultural depictions of gods and goddesses, religion, and spirituality. Homer’s The Odyssey and Sophocles’ Oedipus the King provide two interesting examples of how Ancient Greeks sought to define meaning in life, establish and enforce morality, justify social hierarchies, explain powerful forces, and especially to explore the age-old question of whether our lives are tied to fate or whether we exercise free will. In The Odyssey, Homer writes of numerous gods and goddesses, intimately known by his hero Odysseus and his Ancient Greek audience. The gods and goddesses