Imagine being told your future fate without knowing if it’s true, when it will happen, or even if you can prevent it. One king, Oedipus, in particular, was living that very reality. His fate was uncovered early on by a prophecy, so he lived life trying to run from that fate. Yet, he unknowingly lived that very life later on. He led a life of incest, committed a heinous crime, and was burdened with suffering after the acts were revealed. Oedipus’ past led to him to a destructive fate.
Who is Oedipus? Ignorance is bliss. However, in Oedipus the King, written by Sophocles, Oedipus is a complex character that seeks the truth but not the truth about himself. Throughout the story, his character’s behavior brings many conflicts and struggles between the characters. Each time the King is confronted by a challenge, his choice in behavior causes him more problems than it resolves.
Although he 's tried everything that he can to go against the prophecy, by trying to avoid it he ran right into the prophecy. He has killed Laius and married Jocasta. Unknowingly, he and his mother, Jocasta had been fulfilling the prophecy. Oedipus had been ashamed of fulfilling the prophecy, so he gouged his eyes so he could not see the faces of those who looked down on him.
Oedipus’ impetuous behavior is another trait that eventually leads him to his downfall. While having a rash and short-tempered manor it seemed to have caused him to make bad judgment calls. Including when he accused Tiresias of being a part of the murder. The reason why being because Tiresias would not answer the questions the Oedipus asked. Oedipus then goes on, over exaggerating his speech towards Tiresias saying, “Did you rise to the crisis? Not a word, you and your birds, your gods-nothing. No, but I came along Oedipus the ignorant, I stopped the sphinx! With no help from the birds, the flight of my own intelligence hit the mark” (Lines 449-453). Following this quote, Oedipus ignores Tiresias’ warnings to not pursue the killer; if he did he
The conversation of fate vs. free will comes up a lot. Especially in Oedipus Rex. This whole story is based on controversial theories on this topic. This story has a bunch of different situation in which this theory can come up. However, what this story does not clearly state can be found in between the lines. Fate and free will co-exist with each other in life and in the story.
One of the many philosophies examined in both Sophocles, Oedipus the King and William Shakespeare, Julius Caesar is fate versus free will. In both dramatic plays, the idea that fate and free can work side by side is supported. Shakespeare and Sophocles allow the theme of fate and free will to wind its way into the downfall of major characters in world literature. In Oedipus and Julius Caesar there are different interpretations of the concept of fate and freewill. Each has different fates and limits of free will that contributes to their death.
Background Information: In Oedipus the King, by Sophocles, Oedipus was told that he would kill his father Laius and marry his mother Jocasta. However, Oedipus doesn’t believe that he killed Laius but was blind to the truth for him accept it which led to his demise. 3.Thesis Statement:
In our lives, people believe that destiny controls our lives and that when things happen it 's for a reason. In into the wild by Jon Krakauer and Oedipus, by Sophocles, it shows us strong examples of destiny. Into the wild shows us destiny when Chris Supertramp goes through many hardships like his car being in a flood and the battery dying. When this happens he has to leave his car behind but is happy because it looks like it was destiny to shed access things and walk up to Alaska meeting new people along the way and making friends that supported him in his endeavors. It was also his destiny to find the bus and eat wild pea plants and die.
In fact, we learn that he has had his excessive pride even as a young man and that it is his pride that leads him to unknowingly kill his own father. We learn that when he was younger he visited the oracle at Delphi and had it prophesied that he would one day kill his own father and sleep with his own mother, "Warned Laius that he would die at the hands of his son.."(Hamilton 268). In his state of anger he headed on the road again far away from his own city. A man and traveling companions were also on the road heading towards Delphi, and when they saw Oedipus, they ran him off the road. Due to his pride and anger, he struck out at the travelers, killing them
Firstly, Oedipus’s wrath is the main reason why the oracle’s prophecy became true which causes his downfall in the end of the play. When Oedipus was fleeing from Corinth, he became enraged when he got pushed aside. The fury he had within triggered the start of the prophecy. In the play, it stated, “ On the way, he brawls with an old man in a carriage… and in a fit of temper kills him.”
This lead his biological parents to give up their baby, by sending him to be murdered. But due to the role of fate in the life on Oedipus, he was not murdered, but was instead given to a family that would grow up to take care of him and eventually become his adoptive parents Polybus and Merope. Thus, it is clear that the first time the Prophecy affected his life, was in his infancy, in which he was ripped away from his family in order to die. Years later, after Oedipus was crowned as king of Thebes, he began the search to find the murderer of Laius which would eventually lead him to discovering out that he is the murderer of Laius thus fulfilling the prophecy. This again shows how the prophecy played a role in dictating the outcome of the vents that take place in Oedipus’ life.
Oedipus’ tragedy as a result of his freely made decisions Are people truly responsible for their actions or they are just puppets in hand of Gods or people and executors of the fate that is pre-recorded? The question of determinism towards free will has occupied humankind almost over the centuries. Usually fate is defined as something that unavoidably befalls the individuals and influence their decisions and actions. In ancient Greece the religion played important role in everyday-life of the Greeks. The concept of fate had the prominent place in the Greek religion.
Killing Laius and his men is an overreaction to his anger. This violent outburst shows that he has no self control and he does not show any remorse for what he has done. He also looses his temper with Tiresias when he is trying to explain the oracle to him. It is because of his anger that the oracle becomes true and in the end he looses everything good around him including his children and his sight. Oedipus constantly pushes people away that are only trying to help him, as if accepting help makes him seem
Ironically, by announcing this he has cursed himself because he is, in fact, the murderer of Laius. Near the end of the play, Oedipus asks a Shepard from whom did he retrieve the baby from. " No— / god 's sake, no more questions! / You 're a dead man if I have to ask again" (230).