Madness within ‘A Cask of Amontillado’ The belief that madness is linked with creative thinking has been held since ancient times. In fact, Plato once stated “creativity is a divine madness…a gift from the gods” (Maureen). Understanding this connection allows us to perceive how many writers, such as Anne Sexton and Edgar Alan Poe, use their literature to lead them “by the hand out of madness” (Maureen). Poe’s life, for example, was riddled with loss and suffering: being raised in multiple orphanages and the losing so many loved ones is often said to be the reason for his questionable mental state. Within his writing the reader witnesses how his mental state heavily influences the theme of overall madness of his stories.
The conscience hearts Someone who is insane shows his behaviors or actions that does not make logical sense. You need a link between the narrator 's insanity. In Edgar Allan Poe 's "The Tell-Tale Heart" we hear a retelling the narrator 's action to murdering the old man. Through these actions I learned that the narrator had a sensitivity issue towards the old man 's eye. Poe creates an unreliable narrator because the narrator presents his sensitivity and obsession with details as proof of clarity of his sanity, and the narrators obsession shows his madness.
The themes in Peter Shaffer 's Equus (1973) has a lot in common with Socrates ' speeches about passion and madness in Phaedrus (~370 B.C. ), in Equus we see two characters on opposite sides of the madness spectrum: Dysart, haunted by his job and lack of passion, and Alan Strang, tortured by his devotion and madness. This divide estranges Dysart from society’s values and brings them into question. The answer to his dilemma lies in Socrates’ second speech. In Equus we see the divide between rationality and passion, the two ends of the spectrum, and by using Socrates’ views on madness we can analyze and solve the divide.
Psychotic Darkness A gun gives you the opportunity, but a thought pulls the trigger. In this world, there are many life changing situations that can test one 's sanity. Such situations can capture one 's mind leading the mind to be on the verge of psychotic. Heart of Darkness, by Joseph Conrad, grants the characters with a series of insane scenes that can generate question of psychotic characters. Conrad uses psychological influence throughout the novella specifically in the areas of, physical health, geographical surroundings, and eerie obsession to lead to the overall truth of madness.
A researcher in criminal psychology named Robert D. Hare once said that the motives of psychopaths “are to manipulate and take, ruthlessly and without remorse.” Edgar Allen Poe and Roald Dahl’s short stories create characters that display the traits of psychopathy and sociopathy that Robert D. Hare describes. Often, people think of psychopaths and sociopaths as being the same.The common belief is that both psychopaths and sociopaths are both crazy and don’t know right from wrong. However, they are two completely different types of people, both know what they are doing is wrong, and these short stories illustrate these traits. It’s easy for readers to pass off the characters in these short stories as simply being crazy when in reality their mindset is a lot more complicated. The character traits of sociopathy that can be found in Edgar Allen Poe’s “The Black Cat”, and Roald Dahl’s “Lamb to the Slaughter” and the trait of psychopathy that can be found in Edgar Allen Poe’s “Tell-Tale Heart” are all accurate descriptions of the traits of the mentally ill in the real world.
After all, the novel sets out to explain the origin of Antoinette’s madness through her own narrative, something she was denied in Jane Eyre. The definition of madness is quite critical in Wide Sargasso Sea as Antoinette is premeditated to lose her sanity due to the original plot in Jane Eyre. There are two types of madness discussed in the novel. The first type is madness as an inherent mental illness. This is carried over from Jane Eyre, and described to be the underlying cause of Antoinette’s madness.
And this may relate to why Hamlet professed his madness as the sperate entity, because he lacks the control over it. His madness is guided by what his memory and lack of memory dictates. But it could be argued that Hamlet did possessed a certain means of control over his memory. During the excerpt, Hamlet stated, “I’ll wipe away all trivial fond records” (1.5.99). This quote raises the question of which memories did Hamlet not find trivial and foolish, and worth maintaining.
The joke he refers to here has a negative connotation, possibly indicating the actual killing of people, hence the title of the book The Killing Joke. As Joker is asking himself the questions through the mirror, he notices the defense of absurd
However, Oedipus has evaded his death as a baby and grew up fulfill the prophecy his parents feared. Oedipus killed his father Laius unknowingly in a quarrel and married his mother Jocasta when he assumed the throne of Thebes. In the conclusion of Oedipus, he had learned what he had done and in order to end the unbalance/plague that had erupted within Thebes, he left. He had given his two sons the throne of Thebes to share. However, they quarreled ultimately killing each other in battle.
Edward Albee is often termed as a controversial playwright, and rightly so since his plays intend to wake the readers from their slumber to the world running amuck around them. Albee strives to peel the layers of illusion in his work and in doing so; he uncovers a picture tainted to an extent that it serves as a mirror to the contemporary society. One such play that speaks volume is Who’s Afraid of Virginia Woolf? – A play that throws light at relationships, that shining on the outside but rotten to the core. Primarily attributed to debunking the illusion-reality of the couples in the play, Albee also portrays the truth of such relationships in the contemporary society.