“Reverence toward the gods must be safeguarded. The mighty words of the proud are paid in full with mighty blows of fate”(1467-1470) This quote tells us the downfall of Creon and how disobeying the gods with arrogance are punished by fate. This quote and the corrupt actions of Creon are evidence for the message of the play. Sophocles shows us how the selfish acts of the arrogant king who made these decisions on his own killed his loved ones by defying the gods. In contrast to this, Macbeth is consumed by his ambition after being influenced by the witches and his wife.
The last thing Oedipus wanted to consider was him being the man in the prophecy, but in this moment it was confirmed. He is appalled that so many people knew for so long yet he was blindsided by his acts of hubris. He is horrified by the fact that he actually murdered his own father and wed his mother. Oedipus felt so outraged and disgusted he had no other choice but to perform self
He is now obliged to enact justice in the form of a murder of revenge committed not only against a male outsider to his household, but also against his own mother. This imposes on him a moral dilemma in which he is torn between the need to avenge his father’s death and his horror at killing his own mother. This dilemma is dramatized in the divine realm as well, with Apollo supporting Orestes, while the Furies, goddesses of revenge, persecute him mercilessly for matricide. This moral problem, which is essentially about the nature of justice, is resolved in the final play of the trilogy by Athena’s intervention and the introduction of a new form of justice, based not in the household’s need for revenge, but in the city’s need for stability. The first law court is established in a celebration of an Athenian democratic institution.
Agamemnon’s taking of Briseis enrages Achilles and spurs him to remove himself from the war, leading to a massive death toll in the Achaean forces. In stealing Briseis from Achilles, he is not only robbing of him of a material prize, but also a symbol of honor, his geras, in Greek culture. In retaliation, Achilles removes himself from the war and prays to his mother, Thetis, that she will ask Zeus to damage the Achaean forces. Achilles’ only goal is that “even mighty Atrides can see how mad he was to disgrace Achilles” (1.488-490). Despite having no true grievance against the Achaean army as a whole, Achilles’ rage blinds him from the potential harm that may befall his troops.
Last but not least, in this tragedy Laertes plays an important role. He is the last character to conclude all the actions with a big dishonesty. He has been used as a pawn to Claudius. Because he is hurt after his father and sister`s death. Profiting from his pain, Claudius convinces Laertes to avenge in such a dishonest way.
The character of Grendel's mother, the swamp hag whose never actually given a name, just like Grendel, had sorrows and inner demons of her own. "Grendel's mother/ monstrous hell-bride, brooded on her wrongs./ She had been forced down into fearful waters,/ the cold depths, after Cain had killed/ his father's son, felled his own/ brother with a sword." (Beowulf, 1258-1263) She had been cursed to be an outcast, too. Nevertheless, Grendel's mother is considered one of the most vengeful characters in the book even though her ulterior motives for revenge, just as Grendel's, were pure human feelings too. "But now his mother/ had sallied forth on a savage journey,/grief-racked and ravenous, desperate for revenge."
The cruel, bizarre, and unethical behaviors exhibited by Hamlet and his family stem from the severe depravity of mind from which they all suffer. Hamlet’s lack of moral character is illustrated in many different cases. For example, when Hamlet was writing in his journal after he is visited by the Ghost of his father, he wrote, “So Uncle, there you are. Now it is time to deal with the vow I made me to my father” (Act I Scene 3, 110). Hamlet, driven mad by grief, vowed to the Ghost that he would have revenge for his father’s murder, a clear example of his loss of moral conduct and his being overtaken by evil.
They wanted to marry Penelope, and were vying for her affections for twenty years. This kind of hubris could not have been treated with a less severe punishment. Odysseus had to kill them, as these wooers were wrecking havoc on his home and tormented his wife. As stated in lesson 12, " the wooers had troubled his house, and devoured his substance, and oppressed his child". The lesson goes on to say, "they have suffered an evil doom through their own infatuate deeds".
The biggest thematic concern in this was faith. An example is used when Romeo yells out, “O, I am fortune’s fool!”(3.1.131). This refers specifically to his unluckiness in being forced to kill his new wife’s cousin. It also recalls the sense of fate that hangs over the play. Mercutio’s response to his fate, however, is notable in the ways it differs from Romeo’s response.
Oedipus has a fallout with Creon; a minor bout resulting from an argument with Teiresias, the blind prophet, but this pales in comparison to later repercussions. Unable to cope with the reality Oedipus had bestowed upon her, Jocasta hanged herself causing Oedipus much grief. Prior to, Teiresias stated, “[Oedipus,] you are living in unguessed shame” (135). He prophesied the shame Oedipus would subdue to. And at its climax, the chorus, representing his Theban people, disavowed King Oedipus and his contributions to Thebes saying it would have been better without him.
Enlil, a valiant god, has the need to destroy all mankind for the wrongdoers and transgressions, the same wish of the God of the Hebrews as well. The gods call the flood to come and destroy the entity of the world. Enlil destroys every living entity and leaves the land as bare of life. He sees Utanapishtim, and feels anger at the gods for sparing Utanapishtim’s life and the lives of his kin. Ea scolds Enlil for the irrational flood, for he could’ve sent wild beast, pestilence, famine, or have the wolves rise up and demolish the human race.