“Reverence toward the gods must be safeguarded. The mighty words of the proud are paid in full with mighty blows of fate”(1467-1470) This quote tells us the downfall of Creon and how disobeying the gods with arrogance are punished by fate. This quote and the corrupt actions of Creon are evidence for the message of the play. Sophocles shows us how the selfish acts of the arrogant king who made these decisions on his own killed his loved ones by defying the gods.
He is now obliged to enact justice in the form of a murder of revenge committed not only against a male outsider to his household, but also against his own mother. This imposes on him a moral dilemma in which he is torn between the need to avenge his father’s death and his horror at killing his own mother. This dilemma is dramatized in the divine realm as well, with Apollo supporting Orestes, while the Furies, goddesses of revenge, persecute him mercilessly for matricide. This moral problem, which is essentially about the nature of justice, is resolved in the final play of the trilogy by Athena’s intervention and the introduction of a new form of justice, based not in the household’s need for revenge, but in the city’s need for stability. The first law court is established in a celebration of an Athenian democratic institution.
Agamemnon’s taking of Briseis enrages Achilles and spurs him to remove himself from the war, leading to a massive death toll in the Achaean forces. In stealing Briseis from Achilles, he is not only robbing of him of a material prize, but also a symbol of honor, his geras, in Greek culture. In retaliation, Achilles removes himself from the war and prays to his mother, Thetis, that she will ask Zeus to damage the Achaean forces. Achilles’ only goal is that “even mighty Atrides can see how mad he was to disgrace Achilles” (1.488-490). Despite having no true grievance against the Achaean army as a whole, Achilles’ rage blinds him from the potential harm that may befall his troops.
Because he is hurt after his father and sister`s death. Profiting from his pain, Claudius convinces Laertes to avenge in such a dishonest way. In the end he agrees to Claudius`s plan to poison his sword
The character of Grendel's mother, the swamp hag whose never actually given a name, just like Grendel, had sorrows and inner demons of her own. "Grendel's mother/ monstrous hell-bride, brooded on her wrongs./ She had been forced down into fearful waters,/ the cold depths, after Cain had killed/ his father's son, felled his own/ brother with a sword." (Beowulf, 1258-1263) She had been cursed to be an outcast, too.
Hamlet’s lack of moral character is illustrated in many different cases. For example, when Hamlet was writing in his journal after he is visited by the Ghost of his father, he wrote, “So Uncle, there you are. Now it is time to deal with the vow I made me to my father” (Act I Scene 3, 110). Hamlet, driven mad by grief, vowed to the Ghost that he would have revenge for his father’s murder, a clear example of his loss of moral conduct and his being overtaken by evil. A second
Odysseus had to kill them, as these wooers were wrecking havoc on his home and tormented his wife. As stated in lesson 12, " the wooers had troubled his house, and devoured his substance, and oppressed his child". The lesson goes on to say, "they have suffered an evil doom through their own infatuate deeds". I believe the meaning of this quote is essentially, that the evil wooers got what they deserved. Odysseues could not have just sent
The biggest thematic concern in this was faith. An example is used when Romeo yells out, “O, I am fortune’s fool!”(3.1.131). This refers specifically to his unluckiness in being forced to kill his new wife’s cousin. It also recalls the sense of fate that hangs over the play. Mercutio’s response to his fate, however, is notable in the ways it differs from Romeo’s response.
Oedipus has a fallout with Creon; a minor bout resulting from an argument with Teiresias, the blind prophet, but this pales in comparison to later repercussions. Unable to cope with the reality Oedipus had bestowed upon her, Jocasta hanged herself causing Oedipus much grief. Prior to , Teiresias stated, “[Oedipus,] you are living in unguessed shame” (135). He prophesied the shame Oedipus would subdue to.
Enlil, a valiant god, has the need to destroy all mankind for the wrongdoers and transgressions, the same wish of the God of the Hebrews as well. The gods call the flood to come and destroy the entity of the world. Enlil destroys every living entity and leaves the land as bare of life. He sees Utanapishtim, and feels anger at the gods for sparing Utanapishtim’s life and the lives of his kin. Ea scolds Enlil for the irrational flood, for he could’ve sent wild beast, pestilence, famine, or have the wolves rise up and demolish the human race.
What would most people do if they were stuck between breaking the law and honoring their family? Antigone, the main character in the tragedy Antigone written by Sophocles, chose to honor her family instead of following the laws made by Creon, the king of Thebes. Although Creon wanted to be a good king, Antigone chose the right thing to do the by breaking the law to honor her brother with a burial to please the gods. Over the course of the story, the play follows the punishments given to Antigone for honoring her family and following her religion. Even though Polinices was considered a traitor of his homeland, his sister Antigone knew that the proper thing would be as humble to him like he was to her when he was living.