The revolution came after a time where the Bolshevik revolution of 1917 had set the precedent for centralization and suppression of the left. Bolshevik revolution had impact on how the international actors like Great Britain and Germany sought to support the anti-Franco forces. The rise of fascism throughout the 20’s and 30’s, with the rise of Mussolini and Hitler, did not help the anti-Franco forces gain as much as momentum as hoped. Along with Stalin’s foreign policy to prioritize national interest came all too wrong to help the Anarchists and the Left. We must keep in mind that throughout this process, all communist parties that were on the rise during that time, were subordinate to the USSR, which had taken a different unexpected turn themselves decades earlier.
The Red Scare was right after the Bolshevik Russian Revolution where there was the radical takeover of the Russian Government in an attempt to turn it into a communist nation. The Palmer Raids of 1919 were launched to attack communism in the United States, to prevent similar events from happening in America. The nation was afraid of such a thing to happen that no one knew what to impose on the people. The Red Scare caused the trial to be different in respect of teaching ideas that could possibly create violence for imposing laws on people. The education was not controlled in fears that the U.S. may become
They saw that Vietnam as the start of the spread of Communism so it contributed as one of the reasons of going to war. The Domino theory was a theory that if one country in a region falls to Communism that the surrounding countries would fall to communism as well. The U.S. also saw the Domino Theory in Vietnam. They believed that if Vietnam fell to communism so would the surrounding countries like Cambodia and Laos would as well. The third reason was the North Vietnamese attack on an American ship also known as the Gulf of Tonkin incident.
Section 2 – Social and political transformations in Iran • It can be argued that the roots of Islamic revolution lay in the White revolution during the Shah period. Opposition of traditional society was the ruling force for revolts • The integrative social and political movements that arise to meet these demands have often been a major contributing factor to the occurrence of revolutions. The collapse of the societal structure of domination in revolutions is caused by two sets of factors: the structure's internal weaknesses and vulnerabilities, and the concerted action of the social groups and individuals opposing it. Such groups and individuals may have political motives for opposing the regime, usually arising in the context of the power struggle set in motion by the centralization of the state. • New constitution, its effectiveness and critics.
While Pyle believes that the Vietnamese are only spreading communism under orders from the Soviet Union, Fowler understands that they are choosing to take on a communist government because it suits their needs best. In a discussion with Fowler over the desires of the Vietnamese people, Pyle explains, “They’ll be forced to believe what they are told and won’t be allowed to think for themselves” (Greene 86). In this assumption, Pyle uses logos as a way of persuasion to convince Fowler that his idea is obvious. Pyle believes that the Soviets are controlling the Vietnamese, which is parallel to the United States’ idea that Ho Chi Minh was a puppet for Stalin. However, Fowler notices that the Vietnamese were chasing after their own interests, rather
The story of “The Handmaid’s Tale written by Margaret Atwood is about the story of the instability of society, how easy it is to be brought down, and how little effort is need to change our society into a oppressive society. The book is showing us that our society is fragile and that anything especially fear can be a motivating factor that leads to bad actions that can harm society. The belief that even a modern society such as ours could fall by the simple emotion of fear that people would have too much power this can be seen in many real life scenarios such the Cold War the spread of communism led the U.S into taking bad actions for the people replacing many elected leaders from other countries because they seem to spread communism and who would replace them with dictators backed by the U.S this idea is one that has existed since the earliest societies. Fear is a very strong emotion that can change a person 's mind and could influence how they act to the world around them. In the book this is shown in great detail as their modern society also falls to the fear that women are getting too much power which leads the men to take control slowly changing everything and in the end taking the freedom of all from both men and women but mostly women.
Such as the glasnost earlier mentioned, which gave the Soviet citizens a chance to voice their dissatisfaction with the government. His reforms were meant for another goal, but Gorbachev had set the motion of the fall of the Berlin Wall. Sinatra Doctrine, one of the first factors leading to the fall of the Berlin Wall, was meant to establish that the Soviet leadership had decided to let all countries even including its Warsaw Pact allies determine their own form of government. The Soviets had presided over their Eastern Bloc allies closely. Referring to the former Communist states of Eastern and Central Europe, including the countries of the Warsaw Pact, along with Yugoslavia and Albania, which were not aligned with the Soviet Union after 1948 and 1960 respectively.
Marx and Engels hypothesized that although all people are equal in communism, initial leaders would be needed in order to organize a revolution. Though these revolutionary leaders would be superior intellectually and more likely than not greater contributors in a communist society, Marx and Engels expected that they would step down from their positions of power after successfully revolutionizing. By giving up their power, the initial leaders would be sacrificing themselves for the greater good of the nation, one of the ideals of communism. They said, “In place of the old bourgeois society, with its classes and class antagonisms, we shall have an association, in which the free development of each is the condition for the free development of all” (TCM, 36). United by their oppression, the bourgeoisie would fight back against the proletariat, and their revolutionary leaders step
From sustaining a regime to destroying the same, propaganda has always served as an important tool in governing people and manipulating their opinions and in manufacturing consent. Cold-war came to an end after the fall of the Soviet Union in 1991 and the period from the fall of the iron curtain till now is termed as the post-cold war era. Propaganda was at its peak and is explicit during the cold-war era, while the communists (USSR) focussed mainly on making their citizens believe in the communist ideology and in the concept of a ‘world-revolution’ the capitalists (USA) focussed mainly on making people afraid of the communists, or as they called it, the red scare. One of the major inventions that was made public after the cold-war is the internet which has reduced the effectiveness of propaganda by enabling and promoting individual networking in unprecedented levels, another important propaganda tool that has
In the Second Treatise of Government, John Locke argues that citizens have the right of revolution when the government acts against their interests. To Locke, revolution was an obligation, however, many other philosophers do not view it that way. Edmund Burke, for example, believed that gradual change was better than all out revolution. Other philosophers such as Thomas Hobbes believed that the people need to obey their government due to a ‘social contract’ between them and the state. This essay will argue that a right to revolution needs to be granted to citizens in the case of a tyrannical government because it is the government’s duty to serve its citizens, and if it fails to do so, the people need to replace it with an alternate form of