Sentencing and corrections policies should embody fairness, consistency, proportionality and opportunity. Sentences need to be commensurated according to the harm caused; ergo, measuring the effects on the victim, the community, and the rehabilitative needs of the offender. Objectives require balance in selecting correctional options that meet individual offender needs to contribute to crime reduction and prevent recidivism. Policies that affect long-term consequences of criminal convictions, including housing and employment opportunities require careful examination. Additionally sentencing and corrections policies that could adversely or disproportionately affect citizens based on race, income, gender or geography need to be taken into consideration.
The psychological dimension in the assessment would include any history of physical aggression, self-harm, and substance abuse. The psychological dimension would also screens for abuse or neglect at any point in Peter’s life whether it was physical, sexual, emotional, or verbal. Here is also where I would gather information pertaining to prior psychiatric treatment, inpatient and outpatient, as well as family history of mental illness. Socio-cultural Dimension
The ethical considerations for this study are protecting the identity of the police officer and the individuals they come into contact with. This must be emphasized because the level of protection not only for the police officers but also for the mentally ill. The mentally ill are a protected by HIPAA laws, and in this study I need to be mindful of these laws and make sure I do not break any of them. Another consideration is the fact I am studying human subjects and their behavior in certain situations, in turn I will have to get IRB
Offenders who are in prisons have committed more serious felony crimes. The public roles of prisons in our society are the custodial model that depends on the presumption that detainees are imprisoned to lock them up, punish them and prevent them from committing a crime. All this is achieved through security and discipline measures. Besides, prisons exist to dispense treatment to prisoners by offering treatment programs to inmates for them change their criminal behavior. Also, prison tends to integrate offenders by providing them effective training programs to prepare them for the existence into the society.
The Importance of Protection Orders: Do They Work? Intimate Partner Violence is where an abuser uses the power of control over his victim who are in an intimate relationship (Gosselin, 2014, p.188). Intervention strategies have been created to deter abuse. One major aid to intimate partner violence are the police officers whose duties are to enforce “domestic violence laws and provisions of a protection order” which include mandatory and proarrest polies along with warrant exceptions (Gosselin, 2014, p.268,277,281).
The counselor insists that the client either carry out the plan or come up with a more feasible plan. If the therapist maintains a good relationship with the client, it can be very hard to resist carrying out a plan that the client has agreed would be feasible. If the plan is too ambitious for the client’s current abilities, then the counselor and the client can work out on a different plan. Choice Theory. Choice theory remains as the main theoretical base for Reality Counseling Technique.
A society have a major impact on a person, a person is a product of the society they live in. ¨Studies have shown that inmate participation in education, vocational and job training, prison work skills development, drug abuse, mental health and other treatment programs, all reduce recidivism, significantly.¨ We have the power to change criminals with voice and action. We must not punish someone who already is receiving a punishment by not having freedom. ¨We have developed our own approach towards rehabilitating people, involving psychological rehabilitation, social rehab within families and of our Religious Rehabilitation
As TBCT focuses of “behavioural exchange”, couples make effort in making changes in a positive way and use positive reinforcement . In TBCT, therapists strive for the weaknesses and strengths of the couples, goals (issues the couple would like to focus on) and length and organisation of the treatment as gathering these information are essential during intake assessments . In a study conducted by Jacobson et al. (1984), it was found that 54.7% spouses showed dramatic improvement after receiving treatment although 35.3% were reported to be only recovered . Due to these consistency issues,
How does a system that is designed to punish, treat mentally ill offenders? The answer is legislative reforms to provide funding to treat and establish groups to monitor inmates inside prison, however, there must also be community involvement outside of the prison walls where offenders can establish an assistance and not be simply released to the wild as they are
The risk of an inmate consists of how much of a danger they are to themselves and to others, generally implying to the likelihood that will escape. The prison systems need to measure the inmate’s physiological and psychological requirement for their well-being. By acknowledging the inmates’ risk and needs, it would provide clear and detailed policies and procedures for the classification of inmates. For example, inmates will have access to a counselor for any psychological needs or also, have access to a nurse for their physiological needs. The second element is assigned the inmates to proper housing units, according to their classification.
The publication by Christina M. Gaudio is critical of the War on Drugs and focuses on its effects on juveniles. She takes time to outline the issues that are present with our current system, and specifically how the system is particularly unjust to juveniles. Gaudio details how the juvenile justice system operates state and federally, then she gives a brief history of the Drug War, the Drug Wars effect on Juveniles, its overall effectiveness, and possible solutions to what she sees as the problem. The Drug War is extremely costly to the taxpayer and is in many respects failing.
There is a publication ban on the names of the accused [father & stepmother] to protect the identity of the boy [son] involved in this case. In the Ontario Provincial Court House in Ottawa, Robert Maranger sentenced the accused [father] to 18 years of imprisonment after Robert Maranger found the accused guilty of torturing his son. Upon sentencing, Robert Maranger made the following statement in court: “I find it extremely difficult to fathom the horrific crime you have committed against your own son. The accused [father] has been convicted of aggravated assault, forcible confinement, failure to provide necessities of life, aggravated sexual assault, and three counts of assault with a weapon.
For a juvenile to transfer into the adult court system a juvenile must be charged as a youthful offender. Youthful offenders often pose a threat to the community and/ or have committed a violent crime. State legislation has passed youthful offender laws permitting juveniles to be charged as an adult in criminal proceedings. Oklahoma passed the Youthful Offender Act in 1998. To be charged as a youthful offender a juvenile must meet certain requirements and crimes.
Many aspects are used to identify suspect(s) of violent crimes. Signature is a term used to describe the behaviors committed by an offender that serve the person’s psychological and emotional needs. By analyzing and interpreting an offender’s signature behavior, along with other elements such as modus operandi (MO) and victimology, profilers can then behaviorally link cases and develop an understanding of an offender’s motives. Signature is a term that was first used by the American criminal profiler John Douglas, a supervisory special agent with the Federal Bureau of Investigation (http://what-when-how.com/forensic-sciences/offender-signature/). He developed the term to help investigators distinguish offender behaviors that suggest psychological needs from offender behaviors that are a part of the MO.