Chemicals from industries and agricultural sites can run-off into the ocean. When the toxic chemicals from this and sewage get into the ocean’s ecosystem; it leads to reduction in oxygen levels, decay of oceanic plant life, and severe decline of the quality of the sea water. Toxic chemicals that get into the ocean raise the temperature drastically, this is known as thermal pollution. Marine animals that cannot survive in these higher temperatures will eventually
An oil spill is a release of a liquid petroleum hydrocarbon into the environment, it is a form of pollution that tends to be caused by human mistakes or carelessness. When oil is being transported across the ocean though pipelines or by ships there is a lot of room for accidents to happen. Accidents involving tanks, pipelines, drilling rigs and storage facilities are very common, but the attention tends to revolve around the bigger, catastrophic spills rather than the little ones that happen frequently (Kaushik, 2016). There are on average 70 spills happening every day, mostly insignificant, but still worth preventing. (Biello, 2013) One of the largest oil spills in history was the Gulf War Oil Spill, occurring in 1991.
Materials such as these are not only toxic and harmful, but accumulate in the environment, also these materials are not biodegradable (ibid). Thus, increasing the rates of deadly diseases such as, cancers, physical birth defects, and now other health problems are being observed (ibid). The accumulation of these atrocious materials causes a worrisome in the biodiversity of the environment. There are many more contributions to ocean pollution that many people don 't know
Think of the number 1.3 million. That how many gallons of oil is spilled in the ocean each year. Because of all that oil in the ocean, animals and humans are being affected. People like exploring the oceans, going swimming, and fishing, but with all the oil in the water, we may not be able to soon. Oil spills cause many different issues to animals, food chains, and people.
Trash, Trash, Everywhere! Text By: Ashley Atkinson Edited By: Hannah Hunter and Jesse Lewis The life of your plastic water bottle can go way further than just the trash can. Our ocean is so polluted by our actions and carelessness that even us humans are being affected, sea animals, and surrounding animals are all being greatly influenced by the polluted waters. Our ocean is extremely polluted with plastics and other trash that humans have put in there. Specifically, 80% of the pollution that’s in the ocean, is because of us.
This is also an organizational problem which highly escalated the spill because if exxon had thought ahead and had a good plan, in the case of an oil spill, they would have been able to maintain the spill better no resulting in so much damage. The oil spill effected the whole nation, but mostly the people in Alaska. All aspects of Alaskan life were shaken, including economic, cultural and social. Alaska is known for its great quality and quantity of fish. The oil spill took a huge tool on alaskas fishing industry, forcing many Alaskan citizens which depended on the fish for their income to be pressured into some kind of a depression.
Coral reefs are the beautiful ecosystems that are booming with life but since the acidity has been rising and so has the overall temperature of the ocean the coral has been bleaching and has not been able to grow well or even stay alive(2). The biggest coral reef in the world which is the Great Barrier Reef has been bleaching quickly and now only seven percent of the reef is left unaffected by ocean acidification and climate change(3). Many scientists believe that corals could become fully extinct by the end of the century if we don’t stop or reduce our carbon dioxide and fossil fuel
They can consume up to one liter per day, some of the particles that are consumed are used for food but they mainly eat plankton. The other particles are combined with mucus,other matters which are deposited on the floor of the lake since they are useless to the Zebra Mussels. In this research we will be talking about how the Zebra Mussels Impacted the Great Lakes, and what the effects were and if they were positive or a negative effect. Results: 300-400 words Invasive species has always been documented to have negative harm to the environment but Zebra Mussels are invasive species that have a negative harm and also a positive effect to the environment. First we will be talking about the negative effect.
Moreover, the total amount of toxins and debris discharged by human beings is incredibly increasing in today 's world. Most of the waste produced on land is either intentionally or unconsciously discharged into the oceans. Marine pollution and aquatic debris can utterly destroy the oceans causing extinction of the marine creatures. Innovative techniques should be implemented in the law to prevent the marine environment from any further damage. In order to improve the marine environment, the government and the Environment Public Authority of Kuwait should take immediate actions that can influence the society and help in minimizing aquatic debris and pollution.
It is also ruining the amazing marine biodiversity that South Africa has. Pollution not only comes from industrial sector such as oil companies, but also from littering and sewage. Plastic pollution is one of the types of pollution that effect the marine environment. It is impossible to give an accurate estimation of the amount of plastic that is being polluted into the ocean. However, in 1975 the global fishing fleet alone dumped approximately 135 400 tons of plastic fishing gear and 23 600 tons of synthetic packaging materials