In communities within the contaminated districts, clean-up workers suffered respiratory system damage due to inhalation of oil mist which was 12 times in excess of regulatory limits. There were also increased number of reports of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder and depression. Table 1: Showing Social, Cultural and Individual Impacts of the Exxon Valdez Oil Spill (Braund & Kruse, 2009) Conclusion The Exxon Valdez U.S. tank ship left the Alyeska Marine Terminal March 1989, carrying 1.2 million barrels crude oil to Long Beach, California.
In the reading “Fracking: Pro and Con” by Gail Bambrick we are able to analyze both the pros and cons of fracking as discussed by Bruce Everett and John Rumpler respectively. Health issue is the primary concern of fracking. Due to the emission of harmful gases like benzene the area where fracking is done is becoming cancer cluster areas. Injecting large amount of water into the earth’s layer is not without danger, media, and journals have highlighted the potential risk factors due to fracking. Earthquake being one of the main problem prompted by loss of stability in earth
Fracking involves drilling a hole into the ground and injecting a combination of fluids and chemicals into the shale. The fracking fluid contains upwards of 600 different chemicals (David). The pressure of the fluid is what causes the shale to fracture, then releases natural gas. That fracking fluid is what is really dangerous, as this is what poses the biggest threat, since many of those chemicals are extremely dangerous and some are completely unknown by the public. After the fracking process is complete, the fracking water, known as flowback, which includes water, chemicals and additives, is either collected and transferred to holding-tanks or it is injected back into the ground for storage
Why is fracking dangerous? During the fracking process natural gases are realized into the well where they are drilling often contaminating the nearby groundwater with methane gases and chemical toxins. After the fracking process the waste fluid is evaporated releasing volatile organic compounds causes acid rain, contaminated air, and ozone at
Researchers have “requested data from Pennsylvania, Ohio, West Virginia, and Texas, all states heavily involved in the recent surge of oil and gas drilling, about complaints related to hydraulic fracking for oil and gas” for their research on fracking (Dechert). The research collected was shocking, over 2,000 complaints in Texas alone and several cases on well water contamination within the states mentioned in Decherd’s article. People need to be alerted about how real fracking is and the damages it is doing. These complaints and cases should be a wakeup call to the world and say that we should put it to a
Fracking one well can take millions of gallons of water, but it 's not just water. In the water there are chemicals, helping to break down the rock. According to the article, Fracking Fury, “ the fluids consist of millions of gallons of water, chemical additives, and proppants” (2 AT). Chemicals like benzene, toluene, and ethylbenzene are shot down into a well. The author claims that, “Critics are nervous the cocktail of fluids will leak”(2.3).
(Fears, 2012) Based on this comments, I think the two main environmental problems are the threat to species and water pollution with water born viruses such as pathogen being the serious threat. “nearly a billion people around the world are exposed to waterborne pathogen pollution daily and around 1.5 million children mainly in underdeveloped countries die every year of waterborne diseases from pathogens. Pathogens enter water primarily from human and animal fecal waste due to inadequate sewage treatment.” (Dorsner, 2017)
Some examples of this include - and are not limited to: the amount greenhouse gases the slaughterhouse industry emits each year, millions of gallons of water waste, and deforestation. One of the biggest concerns when it comes to slaughterhouses is the water contamination, and the amount of wastewater. According to a source “The United States alone has 32 slaughterhouses responsible for dumping 55 million pounds of pollutants into the waterways … annually.” (Farr). If that is confusing, it means that disgusting items such as fat, manure, and grease are being dumped into the water.
Almost eight out of ten end up in a landfill or incinerator. Also, Hundreds of millions end up as litter on roads, beaches, streams, and other waterways. Taxpayers pay hundred millions of dollars each year in disposal and litter cleanup costs. In conclusion, tap water is the better choice over bottled water.