When water reaches their life cycle it will end up in the ocean because water falls from the river to the ocean. Scientist believes that maintain clean water and preventing pollution from the ocean could expand and maintain the earth ecosystem. One major problem beside the pollution in the ocean is the spill of oil. Why it’s dangerous? Because oil is conclude as an inorganic substance, which cannot tolerate and bound to
The density of most oils is less than the density of water, that is the reason why it floats (Effects of Oil Spills on Wild Life and Habitat, 2004). Oil spills are by products of human activity where in oil is leaked from ships, shore facilities, pipelines and offshore platforms. The largest contributors to oil spills are automobiles, boats, industrial plants and machinery, not the tankers and ships that carry large amounts of oil (Oil spills: Severity and Consequences to Our Ecosystem, 2012). According to the U.S. Fish and Wild Life Service, oil spills affects the wildlife and their habitats in several ways.
Gulf Deep-water Oil Spill The Gulf oil spill is considered the worst oil spill and one of the worst environmental disasters in the U.S. history. It was April 20th, 2010, that the Deepwater BP oil rig exploded and penetrated in the Gulf of Mexico sea. The Gulf oil explosion killed 11 workers but most of the impact was on marine species such as turtles, herons, gulls, birds, fishes, and sea mammals. Moreover, 16,000 total miles of coastline have been affected, including the coasts of Texas, Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama, and Florida due to the release of about 4.9 million barrels of oil into the sea. The BP oil spill continued for 87 days, and even now, oil is still washing up on the shores, which has caused and might cause long-term damage
What is an oil spill? (JDB) An oil spill is a type of pollution which consists on the dumping of petrol into the environment, mainly into oceans although it can also occur on land. These oil spills are mainly caused by the release of crude oils, wells, platforms and drilling rings. These oil spills, can very well damage the environment and therefore causing many consequences to different groups of animals and pollute the area where the dumping took place. Deepwater Horizon spill (MBR) This devastating event began the 20 of April 2010 in the Gulf of Mexico.
Deepwater Horizon Explosion and Oil Spill The incident occurred due to the uncontrolled release of pressure from the oil well and the failure of the pressure control system to contain the pressure, thus leading to an explosion. Following which, the oil rig sank on 22nd April 2010 and led to the largest oil spill in the history of petroleum industry. The risk of oil spill could have been reduced if BP had taken the appropriate measures; as reports have stated that BP were aware of the metal casing for the blowout preventer breaking down under high pressure and yet improper maintenance was done to preserve the functionality of the pressure control system. Environmental impact The oil spill posed detrimental effects on both the marine ecosystem as well as the lives of humans in the affected region. In total, approximately 4.9 million barrels of crude oil were spilled into the water, leading to the suffocation of marine life due to its toxicity.
Oil spills cause many different issues to animals, food chains, and people. We need to help prevent oil spills. Oil spills have many effects on all kinds of animals. Oil destroys important features on animals. The NOAA states, “Oil destroys the insulating ability of fur-bearing mammals, such as sea otters, and the water repellency of a bird 's feathers, thus exposing these creatures to the harsh elements,” (https://oceanservice.noaa.gov).
Abstract The Deepwater Horizon Rig explosion that occurred on 20th April, 2010 resulted in approximately 4.9 million barrels of oil been released into the Gulf of Mexico for months and will go down in history as the biggest and most catastrophic oil spill to ever to occur. This research discusses the underlying issues that caused the explosion. The effect on the stakeholders, BP’s response to the crisis and the different approaches they could have taken before and after the accident. Introduction The tragic events that occurred on the 20th of April, 2010, the explosion onboard The Deepwater Horizon oil rig left 11 dead and many injured. Resulting in 4.9 million barrels of oil been released into the Gulf of Mexico.
Pollution is also a significant environmental issue HAL is facing. More oil reaches the ocean each year, a massive amount of oil has been accidently spilled from ships, which in turn is destroying animal and aquatic plant life. Tourism is also having a major impact on the environment. Waste and sewage from resorts, hotels, and restaurants, especially in heavily visited coastal areas, could find their
“In the BP Oil Spill, more than 200 million gallons of crude oil was pumped into the Gulf of Mexico for a total of 87 days, making it the biggest oil spill in U.S. history.” BP has killed thousands of marine wildlife do to the oil spill. “These guys here certainly will survive for a while. But the ones that can 't swim as fast, they 're called prey.” - Stanley D. Rice, U.S. witness. Biological diversity has estimated that the oil spill has killed around 82,000 birds, 6,165 sea turtles, and at least 25,900 marine mammals. These staggering numbers just keep on climbing.