Living Spirit Okinawa Summary

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In the book Living Spirit: Literature and Resurgence in Okinawa, variety of Okinawan literature is including and almost of variety of Okinawan literature was written before World War II. All of Japanese have some opportunity to know about the history of the World War II and after the World War II when they took a social studies class, and some anniversary about the World War II. For example, the anniversary of the atomic bombing of Hiroshima (August 6th), Nagasaki (August 9th) and the end of the war. However, all of Japanese who including Okinawan does not know about Okinawa before World War II. It is same as Japanese and Okinawan. I think it is help for people read and understanding, and people can find to new side about Okinawan literature…show more content…
In the 19th century, European countries and the US began to expand into Asia. Along with that, the isolation system of Japan will collapse and will progress towards the formation of a modern state. In the process, the Ryukyu Kingdom was incorporated into the national system of Japan, and it came to close the curtain of the Ryukyu Kingdom era for 500 years. However, a steep road awaited ahead of newly established Okinawa Prefecture. Differences in institutions and customs with Japan, while belonging to the same state, made identification difficult, and there was also a persistent opposition to the Meiji government of the former ruling party. As a result, Okinawa Prefecture took immediate measures such as "Ancient Customs Preservation Policy". It tried to avoid the Okinawa side's repulsion by abandoning the land system, tax system, and local system which have been in effect since the royal era, and do not make rapid reforms. However, due to this, various policies of Okinawa were greatly devastating from other prefectures, resulting in the suffering of the lives of the people of Okinawa as a result. The standardizing education for Japan to Okinawa (Japanization) came to be thorough after the Sino‐Japanese war in the 19th century. Okinawan, which have never experienced battle, have been forced to fight as Japanese soldiers in the Russo-Japanese War. On the other hand, the economic situation at that time was a severe recession. Therefore, many Okinawan opted instead for mainland of Japan and foreign country as migrants and emigrants. (Ryukyu Culture Archives ④Modern
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