E. B. Du Bois and Booker T. Washington debated whether to confront or appease racist attitudes in the United States. As segregation regimes took hold in the South in the 1890s with the tacit approval of the rest of the country, many African Americans found a champion in Booker T. Washington and adopted his self-help autobiography, Up from Slavery (1901), as their guide book to improve fortunes. Washington portrayed his own life in such a way as to suggest that even the most disadvantaged of black people could attain dignity and prosperity in the South by providing themselves valuable, productive members of society deserving of fair and equal treatment before the law. A classic American success story, Up from Slavery solidified Washington’s reputation as the most eminent African American of the new century.
Dubois had a complex political history that went through various mutations over his lifetime. Comparable to Williams, Dubois felt abolishing colonialism in all parts of the world was a movement towards democracy and towards the end of racism. However, Dubois’ views on Africa are paternalistic and elitist at best. For example, Brandon Kendhammer remarks Dubois is guilty of holding an essentialist view of the non-Western world. Dubois felt African development should solely rely on training African Americans in advisory positions to establish proper leadership.
Religion and Abuse in Frederick Douglass’s Narrative In the Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, an American Slave, there are many passages that reveal the horrors of the institution of slavery. These passages, so realistically depicted through the jaded, yet educated voice of Frederick Douglass, paint a picture within the reader’s mind that cannot quickly be forgotten. His conversational, yet eloquent tone gives the reader the impression that Douglass is intentionally detaching himself from any emotion that he may have about what he saw on the plantations. One such occasion is the story of the beating of Douglass’s Aunt Hester. Douglass explains early in his narrative that Aunt Hester was a very beautiful “woman of noble form,
Europeans were continuing to grow alliances and colonize Africa. In the excerpt, Pearson is considered to be addressing and informing those wanting to learn about social darwinism, as well as his college students. He states, “History has shown me one way, and one way only, in which a high state of civilization has been produced, namely, the struggle of race with race, and the survival of the physically and mentally fitter race”. Pearson supported Social Darwinism and wanted to educate the younger generations with similar philosophies. He emphasized that all races were not equal and that the Europeans should hold more power over all other colonies.
The novel is based on a true story, which is about slavery and how slaves were treated in that time. Stowe wrote this story to let the people in the South know about the exploitation that was happening in the North. Stowe tries her best to make this story memorable and successful at the same time. She urges the readers to react to this situation and to take it into consideration. Uncle Tom’s Cabin was not considered to be a racist text in that time, but rather an awareness message to let the readers know that people are aware of prejudice.
The Interesting Narrative of Olaudah Equiano depicts an African man’s journey through slavery and freedom. Equiano was influenced by the British and eventually tried to persuade the British to abolish slavery. The expressions offered by Equiano symbolize a man of intelligence and understanding. During the eighteenth-century Equiano was known as an African and a British man. This paper will argue how slavery did not define Equiano’s intelligence as a man.
Though the issue of sexual minorities liberation is not anywhere near perfect, Marc Epprecht takes his time to carefully analyse the complexities of both historic and modern day culture when it comes to homosexuality in Africa. The book presents optimistic view for the future of sexual liberation, even from the very first pages. Its primary intention is to convey an counter-hegemonic narrative that gives Africans the space for liberation. He notes, "discourse can be subverted and negotiated by the people at whom it is aimed" (58). The four primary arguments throughout the book are as follows; same sex sexuality is not 'un-African', African cultures do have sophisticated ways of explaining sexuality, sexuality can be revealed without ending
He establishes a sympathetic tone to grasp the attention of the people who are allowing slavery to continue happening. Frederick Douglass initiates his speech with questions. He asks “What have I or those I represent to do with your national independence? Are the great principles of political freedom and of natural justice, embodied in that Declaration of Independence, extended to us?” In these set of questions he conveys that himself, along with other African Americans, are not given the same rights as other Americans are given. Douglass is appealing to the sympathetic emotion by questioning the fact of to why the same rights given to Americans aren’t given to the African Slaves.
It is the first instance of using literature to enlighten the masses about the evils of slavery. Although the book was written after slavery was abolished Twain still writes about it to prove how bad slavery was and how they were treated. Twain’s use of vernacular speech helps show American regionalism from that time. The dialogue is directly affected by the race of the speaker and where they came from. It is uncensored and raw from the dialect point of view.
The main character, Marlow, in Joseph Conrad’s 1910 novel The Heart of Darkness begins his journey into Africa skeptical of what might occur, but naive to the true horrors that were in stake for the young man. Marlow’s detailed descriptions of the sights and torturous actions towards the natives he witnesses along his journey lead to many literary critics to deem Conrad a racist. One author notorious for calling Joseph Conrad out on his racist remarks is Chinua Achebe who gained fame from his article “An Image of Africa: Racism in Conrad’s Heart of Darkness”. Achebe’s article professes that almost everything within Conrad’s novel is an act of pure racism. This, however, is not the case, as Conrad was just telling the truth of what occurred within Africa during the time of European colonization.