While there is a great deal of attention given to issues associated with senior hunger and food insecurity, there is a hidden epidemic that is on the rise within the senior community: This epidemic is malnutrition. One out of three seniors admitted to the hospital is malnourished: On average, seniors who are diagnosed with malnutrition remain hospitalized three times longer than those who are not. Furthermore, malnourishment can cause muscle loss (sarcopenia). Sarcopenia increases the likelihood that a senior will fall.
In late adulthood, many people are categorized and judged solely on the basis of their chronological age. This is called ageism. Ageism is a form of stereotyping. Just as racism and sexism hurt the feelings of the people “grouped” in those categories, the elderly who are grouped together by ageism can be full of self-doubt, depression, anxiety, and ageism can lead to serious medical issues. The stereotype of ageism often causes a person over the age of 65 to refrain from asking for help.
Significance of the Problem for Nursing: Prevention of falls in the elderly is an extremely important facet of nursing. Elderly falls often result in fractures, pain, decreased mobility, traumatic hemorrhages, as well as increased healthcare costs. Due to the increased prevalence of injuries acquired from elderly falls, increased risk of morbidity in the elderly experiencing falls, and the growing number of elderly patients, it is of vast importance that nurses research and incorporate evidence-based fall prevention practices to prevent falls in the elderly
What are the symptoms of peripheral artery disease? Snippet: Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is a condition, in which a build-up of fatty deposits (atherosclerosis) in the arteries leads to the narrowing of the peripheral arteries and reduce blood flow to the legs, stomach, arms, and head. According to statistics, both men and women are affected equally by this condition. However, the prevalence increases as one age.
This article relates the number of risk factors to the increase in falls. Most falls occur in the home while the older adult is going about their activities of daily living. The home itself might have unsafe scatter rugs or too much clutter. NIH Senior Health ("Fall risk Factors," 2013) list some of the risk factors for fall as physical conditions such as weakness, unstable gait, slower reflexes, changes in vision, and unsafe foot wear like slippers. There are some simple steps to help the vulnerable older adult create a safer home environment to help reduce the risk of falls.
As the term of Presbycusis or age-related hearing loss will be used interchangeably to describe the process of hearing loss throughout the study, this part of the introduction will highlight some salient characteristics of this process. The phrase of presbycusis is used to describe the clinical manifestations of ageing on the Auditory System and frequently has been blamed as the most common cause of hearing impairment in older people, causing a difficulty of understanding during verbal communication. The process of presbycusis is a biological phenomenon that grows significantly while people age and can have a profound repercussion on their lives, starting usually from 20-30 years of age and may become socially uncomfortable from the 40-50 years. However, the discomfiture generated by misunderstanding other people will encourage social withdrawal, isolation, psychological negative experiences of loneliness, anxiety and the most remarkable depression. Particularly in older person presbycusis influences the balance, placing them at a high risk of falls (Hidalgo, 2008).
Among the elderly, oldest-old is the most vulnerable group with the low level of well-being compared to other age groups. General Health Questionnaire (GHQ) The same method used to calculate Subjective wellbeing index is followed to assess the general health condition of the elderly. The reliability coefficient, Cronbach's Alpha is 0.96 for 12 items of GHQs. The mean of the index was 22 with a standard deviation of 7.8.
BACKGROUND The prevalence of older adults with urinary incontinence (UI) is increasing rapidly as the population becomes older.(1) Estimates of the prevalence of UI in residents in nursing home facilities range from 50% to 70%.(2) UI can severely affect quality of life, and its costs for society are high The major clinical types of urinary incontinence are stress incontinence (leakage with maneuvers that increase intra-abdominal pressure), urgency incontinence (sudden urgency followed by leakage), mixed incontinence (symptoms of both stress and urgency), and overflow incontinence.
Investigation of Nature of Aphasia in Stroke Associated with Metabolic Syndrome Bincy Babu, Shamili Asokan, Daly Sebastian, Reeta Philip ABSTRACT Introduction: Stroke is one of the largest causes of death and disability in adults, affecting a large number of people all over the world. Two of the leading risk factors that lead to stroke are diabetes and hypertension. People with diabetes often have co-occurring conditions such as hypertension, cholesterol, etc., either together, or with one condition leading to another due to which there is an increased probability that these individuals develop heart diseases or stroke at an earlier age as compared to other people as a result of genetic or environmental influence. It has been found that there
Substance Abuse and the Elderly Shayla Henderson-Young, B.S.N., RN, CCMC, MAJ ANC Uniformed Services University, Bethesda, MD Epidemiology The increasing prevalence of substance abuse amongst the older adult (geriatric) population is cause for concern (Wu & Blazer, 2011). There are over 700 million adults ages 60 and above worldwide (Wang et al., 2013). According to (Ortman, Velkoff, & Hogan (2014), in 2012 there were approximately 43.1 million adults over the age of 65 and estimated to double 83.7 million by 2050.
Various studies have shown that heart diseases are number one killer in America. It has been observed that rate of re-hospitalization of patients, aged 55 years and up, suffering from suffering congestive heart failure is quite high than other ailments. Many researchers have pointed out that inadequate patient education at the time of discharge is one of the reasons of increased rate of readmissions in CHF patients. Many studies show that the lack of self-reliance and gist of self-care management are the root cause of re-hospitalization.
There are numerous amounts of laws in the United States that state vital information about the rules and regulations citizens of the United States must obey. One law in particular has prompted disagreement in both adults and teens, and that is whether or not the current teen driving age should be changed. Although there are multiple understandable reasons for why the current driving age should remain self same, the reality is it should be adapted. The legal driving age should be changed because it allows teens to master the ability to drive correctly and safely by having additional time to gain experience. In fact, it will let teens have more time to reach maturity and understand the responsibilities of driving.