Omar Al-Bashir: The Genocide In Darfur

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Following Sudan’s independence from Britain in 1956, Sudan has been the site of prolong civil war. In February of 2003, a brutal murder and mass displacement of many civilians occurred in a region quite large in Sudan, known as Darfur. Darfur, about the size of France, is the home to almost 7.5 million Africans and Arab nomadic herders. The people that inhabit the area are predominantly poor and on a very low income. The genocide in Darfur is currently standing as the first genocide to occur in the 21st century. Violence has been escalating in Darfur and estimated death tolls has been increasing steadily. Meanwhile the Sudanese government says otherwise, and the number of dead is much lower. . Even though the genocide in Darfur is recognized…show more content…
Since the current president of Sudan, Omar Al-Bashir, first came into power in 1989, he inherited a long war with rebels of the south. Al-Bashir’s main goal was to gain an upper hand by intensifying the attacks set froth onto the people. Instead of President Al-Bashir to create peace in Sudan, he revoked all parts of the constitution that unraveled steps towards peace, and proclaimed jihad against non-Muslims. President Bashir relied on using ethnic militias, Janjaweed, to do the fighting for him so he’d be portrayed as innocent in the public eye. The word “Janjaweed” in Arabic translations means, “A man with a gun on a horse”. The Janjaweed men primarily came from “Arab” nomadic tribes who were always at odds with the “African” farmers. The government-supported Janjaweed militia were responsible for most of the atrocity crimes. Beginning in 2003, the Janjaweed militia began destroying villages and towns the people of African tribes occupied to chime into the uprising. An estimate of 400,000 people were killed in 2003 directly or indirectly from the attacks. Some of those African tribes include the Fur, Masait, Jebel, Aranga, and Zaghwa tribes. As a result to all the attacks, there were thousands of dead bodies scattered across the land and tossed into wells. The bodies tossed into the wells led to the contamination of a majority of Darfur’s water supple and desertification of the area. Access to water is highly needed in Sudan currently, but the country has already became neglected. Due to the ongoing violence, rape has also been seen as a weapon to attack the women and children. There has also been numerous reports of girls under the age of ten to women over seventy being raped by attackers. There has been estimates of tens of thousands of rape victims, this means it’s becoming more widespread in Sudan. To avoid the attacks many people fled to other
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