INTROCUTION To translate the R2P principles to deeds will require serious commitment from all the governments who unanimously affirmed at the 2005 World Summit Outcome that “each individual State has the responsibility to protect its populations from genocide, war crimes, ethnic cleansing and crimes against humanity” (UN world summit, 2005). To relies a credible implementation, it is necessary that Paragraphs 138 and 139 of the Outcome which goes to the real issue of operationalizing the responsibility to protect (widely referred to as “R2P” in English) is sincerely adhered to by all. This brief paper will cover current R2P debate and the complex issue of implementing the R2P pillars which are: Pillar one the protection responsibilities of the State (sect. II). Pillar two International assistance and capacity-building (sect.
The purpose of this plan was to eliminate the need for alliance networks and group all the nations into one large gang. There are numerous pros and cons to this idea. While we have always had rules to follow, it has been a challenge to find the correct methods to enforce them. Furthermore, the League of Nations main goal was the peaceful resolutions on global conflicts. “Whatever affecting international relations which threatens to disturb international peace or the good understanding between nations upon which peace depends (Covenant 3).” To continue, the League was composed of a general assembly.
The mission was named “Operation Restore Hope.” The battle of Mogadishu forced politicians to adjust our foreign policies that would prevent American troops to partake in any peacekeeping mission. The "Presidential Decision Directive 25" was created due to the battle in Somalia which prevent the United States from intervening in other countries’ conflicts. The Battle of Mogadishu is an example of why all factors must be considered before international intervention and all possible consequences if not executed correctly. It led to the rewriting of various military doctrine that would provide more clarity of how US troops should operate when faced with certain situations. The goal for diplomacy is for countries to utilize political discussion to settle their differences and war should be a last resort.
Operation Ceasefire Throughout Kennedy 's "Don 't Shoot" he shows us the method that consists of Project Ceasefire, statistics, and many instances where this project was a major success wherever it was implemented. The Operation Ceasefire entailed deterrence aimed at the group itself, not individuals. With Kennedy 's detailed account of the project, if a Police Chief approached me and asked me to implement operation ceasefire, I would do the following steps and in the following order: Establish necessary research components, pressure and enforce zero tolerance rule, call-ins, and finally, keep training law enforcement agencies periodically. The first step would be to establish necessary research components. Not only do we need to be aware
1. Woodrow Wilson’s vision for world peace included open communication and cooperation amongst nations. According to him, this can be achieved if countries stopped making secret deals and if they refused to engage in conquest. He emphasized the latter by claiming that the word can transform into a safe place through self-determination; every country has a right to “determine its own institutions, be assured of justice and fair dealing by the other peoples of the world as against force and selfish aggression.” Wilson applied this idea for self-determination in Points VI-XIII, in which he stated that fixing boundary disputes would ensure autonomy. Meanwhile, the first five points involve Wilson’s recommendations for foreign policy that would promote peace: prohibition of secret deals, freedom of the seas, removal of economic barriers, disarmament of all nations, and adjustment of colonial claims.
It is essential for those who are in agreement with torture to understand the need to protect prisoners. According to author Ivan Zinger, “treating prisoners with humanity actually enhances public safety” (2006, p. 127). This is because by doing so, all of society will be able to use this as a model for the important notion that everyone is to be treated with respect to their human rights. Regardless of their race, gender, socio-economic status, religion, or education it is essential that everyone is treated equally under the law (Zinger, 2006, p. 127). Furthermore, though it has been noted that torture through interrogation can produce required information, such as in the ticking time bomb scenario, interrogation often times can produce wrongful admissions of guilt (Neve, 2007, p.117).
Name: Amnesty International The objective of the organization is “to conduct research and generate action to prevent and end grave abuses of human rights and to demand justice for those whose rights have been violated. Amnesty International 's vision is of a world in which every person enjoys all of the human rights enshrined in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and other international human rights standards. In pursuit of this vision, Amnesty International 's mission is to undertake research and action focused on preventing and ending grave abuses of the rights to physical and mental integrity, freedom of conscience and expression, and freedom from discrimination, within the context of its work to promote all human rights, Some specific aims are to: abolish the death penalty, end extra judicial executions and "disappearances," ensure prison conditions meet international human rights standards, ensure prompt and fair trial for all political prisoners, ensure free education to all children worldwide, decriminalize abortion, fight impunity from systems of justice, end the recruitment and use of child soldiers, free all prisoners of conscience, promote economic, social and cultural rights for marginalized communities, protect human rights defenders, promote religious tolerance, protect Laws affecting lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) rights, stop torture and ill-treatment, stop unlawful killings in armed conflict, uphold the rights of refugees, migrants,
According to AR 190-8 war crimes committed by or against EW/RP should be reported to the supporting element of the U.S. Army Criminal Investigation Command (USACIDC). Also, according to chapter 5-1 of AR 190-8,” The CI will be especially protected against all acts of violence, insults and public curiosity, bodily injury, reprisals of any kind, sexual attack such as rape, forced prostitution, or any form of indecent assault.” (Enemy Prisoners of War, Retained Personnel, Civilian Internees and Other Detainees,
The universal law formulation states that a moral principle should, in essence, be capable of being applied to any individual within the same circumstances and not simply the individual being judged. during this case it might be truthful to mention the explicit imperative might be ‘protect those in your jail’ however not ‘protect those in your prison unless there's a mob World Health Organization needs to kill them and can kill you to try and do
Both the conflicting parties; Hutus and Tutsis; should be involved in the disarmament process and all levels of policy formulation. The disarmament planning should involve gradual confidence building of the safety of Rwandan Citizens. Developing post disarmament mopping up mechanisms such as small arms voluntary collection or weapons for development programmes, to collect weapons that have not yet been surrendered. Lastly, to ensure that there is total destruction of the weapons or proper storage so that they don’t land into wrong