Oncology Nursing Literature Review

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2.2 RESEARCH REVIEW
Journal Articles And Speeches/Meeting Papers:
1.Differential Effectiveness of Coping in Managing Stress and Burnout in Oncology Nurses.
Authors:Rounds, James B., Jr.; Zevon, Michael A.

High levels of stress experienced by primary care oncology nursing staff, and the competency impairment which results from such stress, has become a matter of much concern in health care settings. This study was conducted to identify the coping strategies employed by oncology nurses, and to relate these strategies to differential indices of stress and burnout. Oncology nurses (N=133) at a comprehensive cancer center completed the Ways of Coping (WC) Checklist, the Job-Related Tension Index, the Emotional Exhaustion Scale, the Role Conflict
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The importance of management of occupational stress is recognized, besides all by Occupational health and safety since it has been found to be related not only with loss of productivity and loss of working hours but with the arousal of diseases and occupational accidents.
Purpose: The aim of this systematic review was the examination of the sources and consequences of occupational stress on nurses’ adequacy, productivity, efficiency.
Material – method: A systematic review was made in “European Agency for Safety and Health at Work”, “National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH)”, “Job Stress Network” web sites for various publications and abstracts around the exact theme and the “Occupational and Environmental Medicine Journal” using as key words «stress, occupational stress, and Nursing».
Results: A number of aspects of working life have been linked to stress. Aspects of the work itself can be stressful, namely work overload and role-based factors such as lack of power, role ambiguity, and role conflict. Threats to career development and achievement, including threat of redundancy, being undervalued and unclear promotion prospects are stressful. Stress is associated with reduced efficiency, decreased capacity to perform, a lack of concern for the organisation and
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M* finds that job stressors were significantlyrelated to employees’ psychosomatic problems, job satisfaction, unproductive time at thejob, and absenteeism. Type A behavior was found to be an important moderator of thestress outcome relationship.
This study examines the relationship among job stressors (role ambiguity, role overload, role conflict, resource inadequacy, skill underutilization), Type A behaviour pattern and employees' psychosomatic complaints, life and job satisfaction, unproductive time at the job, and absenteeism among middle managers (N = 227) and among blue-collar workers (N = 285). Job stressors were found to be significantly related to all outcome variables, except life satisfaction. Type Abehaviour was associated with a number of job stressors and outcome variables.In addition, Type A behaviour was found to be an important moderator of the stress-outcome relationships. Implications of the findings for management and for future research are

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