2.1 Occupational Hazards Introduction The definition of the occupational hazard is the risk to the health of a person usually arising out of employment. Occupational hazards also related to work, material, substance, process or situation that predisposes or itself causes accidents or disease at work place and as a risk accepted as a consequence of a particular occupation. Health refers to complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely an absence of disease or infirmly. There is a research that all the factors which affect both physical and mental health of the health care workers. (Simpson.J.A et al, 1989) (S.V.
Methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus is a major cross-infection problem in hospitals today that is a serious patient safety risk. (Vicca, 1999). Farrington et al (2000) investigated the effects of nursing workload in relation to MRSA control strategies. Increased workload in times of understaffing and overcrowding will reduce the time available for performing routine infection control procedures, raising the risk that there will be microorganisms transferred among patients. Therefore, the risk of MRSA spreading is increasingly likely.
• To assess the commonness of lower back agony among medical caretakers • To recognize hazard elements, example and course of disease of lower back torment among medical caretakers in working rooms Research Question Are sure demographic, way of life and co-dismal variables connected with the nearness of low back torment among medical caretakers? 1.4 Hypothesis 1. lower back torment in medical caretakers will impact attendant customer relationship and make prevention in nature of consideration. 2. Expanding number of lower back torment among medical caretakers is specifically relative to the expansion level of wiped out clears out. 1.5 Significance Foundation of the demographic, way of life and co-grim components that are connected with low back agony can prompt better arranging and execution of precaution measures against low back torment among medical attendants.
Symptoms that might affect an organisation/employer and that they might notice that stress may be an underlying problem with an employee are absenteeism, poor time-keeping, disciplinary problems, bullying, aggressive communications, isolation and a high staff turnover. The employees’ performance can be affected due to stress. This could include a reduced output or quality of product or service, accidents, poor decision making and error making. Increased costs from compensation or increased healthcare costs along with referrals to health services can all be signs of stress in an employee. The symptoms of work related stress that can affect and be seen to affect an employee would be changes in behaviour.
Karasek  stated in his Demand–Control model of job strain mentioned that workers experiencing high psychological demands. As an example a high workload and conflicting roles then low decision latitude by having no freedom in one’s job are more likely face distress. The Demand–Control model also be highlighted the positive effects of social support from supervisors and colleagues [Karasek et al., 1982]. 2.2 Conceptual Framework For the conceptual framework, it will involve two of variable which are independent variable and dependent variable. According to Sekaran and Bogie (2013), conceptual framework is a belief on how certain phenomena measured by specific variable are related to each other.
On another hand studies clarified which factors impact the quality of nursing care from the Patient’s opinion , e.g. environment factors, patient awareness, nurse–patient relationship and personality/behavior . ( Williams 2004 ). also , wasted nursing care had important impact on nurse-reported counter events such as hospital acquired infections, patients taking error medications or dosage , and more accident of patient falls causing injury. The quality of care on the basis of nursing care insufficiency was also explored and indicated that a important relationship presented between quality care and patient safety ratings .
Representatives may encounter a scope of physical, mental, and behavioral outcomes as a result of employment anxiety and organizations may in turn be affected by low production quality and quantity, internal conflicts, lack of cooperation, high turnover, and costs associated with sick leave and worker disability. The majorities of studies of investigations of work site anxiety administration projects have concentrated on the usage and assessment of anxiety administration programs in individual organizations. several recent reviews have provided an overview of different types of stress management programs and their effectiveness in modifying health- and job-related outcomes such as absenteeism . The authors discovered associations with stress management programs to be more prone to offer projects that support worker prosperity, well being, and expertise improvement than those without stress management
Problem Statement: Job Insecurity Leads Inefficiency of Employees at Workplace The job insecurity leading to inefficiency is basically the perceived powerlessness to maintain the desired continuity in a threatened job situation and one’s expectations about continuity in a job situation”. Objective job insecurity refers to the real event that threatens workers’ job situation. Event may include the overall economic situation in the country such as the austerity measures brought about by the recapitalization and consolidation reform acquisition/merger and internal restructuring as well as downsizing of an organization. Objective job insecurity is that workers who found themselves in organizations that are primarily categorized as “insecure,” experience
The data suggests dissatisfaction with pay can be a key factor in turnovers . In Asters Pvt. Ltd, another variable is the low employee morale or motivation, the mangers should address the issue and to increase the motivation of employees.s These result of poor employee motivation among employees who may be overworked which affects their productivity which can impact the level of productivity of the company. This research project addresses the causes and affects of employee turnover. s in the poor morale of employees who may be overworked, and can, in turn, affect the level of productivity
Literature may determine the contributing factors of medication errors (Al-Syara’, 2012). A review of the literature by Johari, Shamsuddin, Idris & Hussin, 2013 described heavy workload, complicated orders, new staff, personal neglect and unfamiliarity with medication as factors contributing to medication error among nurses in one government hospital. Nurses’ proper and appropriate function of reporting on medication errors will prevent