Oslo I. The Oslo Peace Process, which began in 1993, was designed as confidence-building measures to create trust between Israelis and Palestinians and bring peace to the region. It was a turning point in the conflict, where Israel and the PLO negotiated to come to a mutual agreement. The secret negotiations which
Fifteen countries make the ECOWAS organization and the formation of this union was to achieve collective self-sufficiency for the member states by means of economic and monetary union creating a single large trading bloc which would see a massive trade expansion from the individual countries to the rest of the region. However, this notion was not the only goal for the formation. ECOWAS Summit of December 1999 agreed on a Protocol for the Establishment of a Mechanism for Conflict Prevention, Management and Resolution, Peace and Security. In the year 2000, five members formed the West African Monetary Zone (WAMZ) aiming to establish a strong stable currency, “eco”, to compete the CFA franc, whose exchange rate is tied to that of the euro and is
INTRODUCTION In the winters of 1973, the Arab Oil Embargo changed the shape of humanity and the world around us. The epicenter of power slowly shifted from the US to the Oil Producing Economic Countries popularly known as the OPEC. Oil became the new gold standard. 41 springs later, again the world seems to be on the verge of a major turbulence: an innovation which is threatening to disrupt the entire gamut of human civilization. Only this time it’s not the oil rich Arab countries who are the stakeholders.
In 1993, UN formed the United Nations Observer Mission in Liberia (UNOMIL) after ECOWAS mediated the Cotonou Peace agreement among the opposition sides. It worked together with ECOMOG, since ECOMOG had been existed, in terms of the implementation of Cotonou Peace
There is an interface between the theory and cultural studies because these approaches do not constitute a discourse or debate. Although terms and texts reappear within the different approaches, their meanings and weight are varied and contested. Differently, the work at the interface of the theory and cultural studies is not a blending of the strengths and insights of two fields into something
The main reason being that Airbus was actually a combination of various national manufacturers and with the emergence of European Union as a common entity Airbus got lot of undue benefits due to its position and power. There were three agreements which changed a lot of things in the Light Commercial Aircraft (LCA) industry and also affected the Airbus-Boeing dispute. These three agreements were the GATT Tokyo round which occurred in 1979 which created subsidise code and also agreement regarding the trade of civil aircraft, second was in 1992 where there was a bilateral agreement between EC and United States and third was the Uruguay round in which WTO was created, which included agreement on subsidies and
Oman is working under the rules of World Trade Organization for making and implementing its trade policies. Oman joined WTO in November 2000 as a member before it Oman followed the trade policies of multilateral trading system. In Oman, there are no regional or sub-regional governments and trade policies are applying at national level. The main purpose of Oman trade policy is to maximize the growth rate of Oman economy and provide more employment opportunity to its citizens and expend its trade by removing or plummeting barriers to import and export, it will increase market access of Omanis product and service. Oman realizes the importance of economic growth, industrial development, quality of facilitating trade, Human resource, skill upgrading and safety.
After 10 years, the IMO Convention entered into force and met the new Organization in the following year. The main purpose of the organization is to provide machinery for cooperation among governments in the field of governmental regulation and practices. Besides, it also encourages and facilitates the general adoption of the highest practicable standards in term of maritime safety, efficiency of navigation and prevention and control of marine pollution from ships. After born, IMO 's was ordered to adopt a new version of the International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea (SOLAS) in 1960. IMO started to solve the issues such as the facilitation of international maritime traffic, load lines and the carriage of dangerous goods and also revise the system of measuring the tonnage of ships.
CONSTITUTION OF THE IPCO-INTERPOL The IPCO-INTERPOL is an international organization aiming at international police cooperation. It was established in 1923 in France. As per article 1 of the organization, which was modified at the 53rd session at Luxemburg in 1984, the organization which was originally called the INTERNATIONAL CRIMINAL POLICE COMMISSION was now titled as THE INTERNATIONAL CRIMINAL POLICE ORGANIZATION-INTERPOL, seated in France. According to article 2 of the organization, which was modified at the 33rd session at Caracas in 1964, provided for the aims of IPCO-INTERPOL, which were, firstly, ensuring and promoting the as widely as possible the mutual assistance between all criminal police authorities within the limits of the laws