Open Heart Surgery History

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Throughout the centuries, advancement in the medical procedures has definitely elevated. In the ancient times, there was no proper education given to an individual that would qualify them as legal doctors. Many thought that when someone got heavily sick, it was a punishment sent by god. For years, people believed this myth and never really tried to discover the issue that was decaying that individual’s body. Some did not know the anatomy of the human body so opening the body and trying to remove the wound would be impossible. Then some individuals took it upon their hands to dissect the body such as Leonardo da Vinci. He took his greatest skill and began to draw of what he saw inside the human body. It was not until the 19th century when successful…show more content…
In 1893, it began when Chicago surgeon Daniel Hale Williams performed the first ever open- heart surgery. It was very significant at this time period since it was a black surgeon who was able to accomplish such an astonishing procedure. Then on September 4 1895, Axel Cappelen ligated a bleeding coronary artery in a 24-year-old man who had been stabbed in the left axillae and was in deep shock upon arrival. The patient awoke and seemed fine for 24 hours, but became ill with increasing temperature and he ultimately died. A miracle on September 7, 1896 occurred when the first ever heart surgery without any complications was done by Dr. Ludawig Rehn from Germany. He also repaired a stabbed wound that had been embedded on the right ventricle. Although some surgeons may have failed, there was still a lot to learn from their operations. These operation on certain areas of the heart is what helped individuals survive a couple of more days. Because it was everyone’s first, many complications occurred along the way but without these surgeries, a heart transplant would have not been…show more content…
Over the following years, it laid the base for heart transplantation to become a well-established form of therapy for end-stage cardiac disease. Today, the process of a heart transplant had become a relatively routine for many doctors. With the new discovery of heart transplants actually being successful, it helped in other surgeries such as orthopedic heart transplantation, development of heterotopic heart transplantation, xenotransplantation and many more. In orthopedic heart transplantation there were 10 patients and each one lived various of months or years after the surgery. Dirk van Zyl was the one who survived the longest of more than 23 years. Not only was the longevity outstanding but also the excellent recovery from the operation. Within three months he returned to work and did not miss a single day of work for the next 15 years, until he decided to retire. With technology advancing, in the future there could be the possibility of different ways towards a heart transplantation in which it would ensure the patient 's life at a higher percentage. There is always room for advancements and learning experiences that will make a huge difference in the
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