Claire Turner American History Test I The American Revolution The Second Continental Congress declared independence from Great Britain in 1776 because they were being treated with unfair and unjust taxes and laws. The Second Continental Congress was a representation of the colonists and colonies as a whole, to Britain. In the beginning of the Congress the majority wanted to stay loyal to “The Crown,” and make peace with it. However, there were already those few who were ready to take drastic measures to relieve themselves of the British rule. One colony in particular that stands out as taking the leading role in the independence of America is Massachusetts, for they received the true wrath of Great Britain.
Finally, Britain would constantly deny any attempt to find peace between the two countries. As expected, Britain put certain taxes on the colonies to help regulate trade and pay for transport of goods. However, many of the taxes Britain put on colonists were for the sole purpose of creating revenue for the British (Doc 2). The reason the British believed they were justified to do this was the belief that colonists still owed reparations for British support in the French Indian war (Doc 1). The colonists found these taxes so insulting that many of them refused to purchase British goods.
The British did not respect the colonization in the New World and were not fond of the idea that the United States being a newly independent nation. Americans drew the last straw and built stronger nationalism to fight even though the United States was severely unprepared for war. The Americans were willing to go to war to proudly defeat
These boycotts against British shipping were the best manner for the colonists to demonstrate their distain for British rule. In Virginia, the boycott of the ports was a significant move that ultimately pushed the citizens in the area towards independence. The other cause that pushed the gentry to revolution stemmed from the unforeseen consequences of their boycott of British shipping. This would result in their protests of 1774 turning into the revolutionary movement of 1775 up until the Treaty of Paris in 1783 that ended the war, giving independence to the United States (Holton xviii). Referred to as Non-exportation, this protest was directly against the Coercive Acts that Parliament adopted for the colonies (Holton 124).
This arguments is made in an excerpt from the Connecticut Slaves Petition for Freedom that is dated May 11, 1779. It points out how the Patriots desire for independence goes against their ways of not giving freedom to thousands of slaves. All in all, the war demonstrated the democratic ideals of the Patriots while showing how many Patriots went against their own fighting reason by owning slaves. There fighting reason would be to gain independence and freedom. However, they did not give these rights to others, as you can see this in the Connecticut Slaves Petition for Freedom.
When the outsiders made the journey to Ellis Island, they were expecting the United States to be a safe haven compared to the turmoil that sliced Europe into the Allies and Central Powers; instead, they were thrust into the tumultuous culture of the States during the war. Immigrants had to figure out how to make the shift from supporting radical ideals to living in a democratic country. Even then, they also needed jobs. It was not uncommon for the only available jobs for these migrants were those that would require them to be berated for being “scabs.” The increase in working radical foreigners (Document C) paired with the radical ideals they brought from their home countries made it rather difficult for them to blend in with American lifestyles. The immigrants’ beliefs and inherent beliefs in communism and other extreme political views along with
Parliament would 've avoided the revolution if the gave the colonists representation. In the 1770s in Boston, the British have been giving taxes for money; in the Stamp Acts, Super Acts, and the Townshend Acts. However there was a group called the Sons and Daughters of Liberty who refuse to follow the British laws and try to bring the government down for unfair taxes. The colonists couldn 't rebel because they weren 't part of Parliament, so they had a famous slogan, "No taxation without Representation". That meant that if the colonists don 't get they way, then they will rebel and continue to break British law.
Do you believe the American Colonists were Patriots or did they commit treason? No I don’t they committed treason. I believe they are patriots and there sacrifices shouldn’t be considered treason. They were just doing what they thought was right and the British forced him. I don’t think the colonists committed treason because they were being treated unfair by the British government.
These were colonial opponents that supported the revolution. The loyalists saw the patriots’ as traitors in their mother country and saw themselves as the honorable ones who stood by the empire and the crown. Whilst from the patriots’ perspective the loyalists were just traitors too blind to the oppression of the British government, Moderates were complacent people, nonpartisan and not interested in the war and generally uninvolved. This was based on their geographical placement during the revolution or their interest or gain at that time. The Patriot Historical Group Waterfront Liberty Boy
The Declaration of Independence was written for the American people. King George III had imposed a number of unwise regulations and the miserable acts so the American people did not want to follow under the rules. This document was to persuade the people to finally leave King George’s power so they could be under their own government with their own laws. Now saying that, a lot of people were not completely on board with this proclamation. During this time going against the King and his acts would make you guilty of treason.
By the eve of the revolution many, but not all colonists set their differences aside to achieve one goal, to overcome the tyrannical British become truly independent. Even though the colonists originated from England, many viewed themselves as Americans not English. To be successful in overcoming the British, Benjamin Franklin knew that the colonists had to unite. In Document A he constructed a political cartoon that
really wanted to gain independence from Great Britain. There were some people in the U.S. called loyalist that wanted to live under the tyranny of Great Britain and had no problems with the raising of taxes to support their country. The Patriots on the other hand were very much against all that the British stood for. The battle of Lexington and Concord, the battle of Trenton, and the battle of Yorktown were three key battles won by the U.S. that pushed the outcome of the war in the favor of the United States. The battle of Yorktown was the most significant it was the last major battle on land and with the surrender of Lord Charles Cornwallis it was very pivotal in the defeat of the British.
On the contrary, the Greater Appalachian ideals juxtaposed those of Tidewater, who saw liberty as a privilege, not a right. In American Nations, it is said, “From the outset, the Yankees were opposed to the very values cherished by the aristocratic society taking shape in Tidewater” (Woodard 63). Much like the Scots-Irish, the Yankees opposed a society dominated by the higher few. As mentioned, the Scots-Irish emigrated to the New World to be freed from the oppression they faced in Britain. The Yankees, in turn, shared similar beliefs, as they opposed the values of Tidewater and entered into conflict with them.
America, before it was the free and independent nation that it is today, was a British colony, subject to the laws and levies that King George passed. The original colonists were not unhappy under the British crown, but they craved representation in Parliament, where they could have a voice in the tariffs that would be imposed on the colonies. They were refused time and time again, until they lost hope in becoming a respected part of Britain’s domain. Together they stood in solidarity, and they boycotted British goods to symbolize their independent will and their wish to be recognized as an independent nation. Eventually their rebellion erupted into a war, which would end in America’s favor and see the colonies
During the French and Indian War this reluctance caused King George and the Parliament to question the loyalty of some colonies and led the British government to commit even more strongly to keeping a strong British hand in colonial business. Colonies and England When the French and Indian War, and its European counterpart, the Seven Years War, officially came to a close with the Treaty of Paris in 1763, North America was divided territorially between the British and Spanish. The treaty had distributed people among two sides and neither side wanted to be controlled and always wanted to be independence on their own. In Britain, it was widely assumed that the professional troops sent to the colonies deserved full credit for British victory in the war. Colonial debts to Britain grew rapidly, and many began to suspect that the British intentionally plotted to enslave the colonists economically.