1. Describe the key factors in the Sui-Tang era that made for the restoration of a strong, unified Chinese empire after centuries of turmoil? The restoration of a strong, unified Chinese empire after centuries of turmoil was made possible through the reestablishment of a centralized empire, the revival of Confucian ideas and the enhancement of the scholar-gentry administrators. The creation of a bureaucracy allowed for control from the imperial palace all the down to district level. To have effective administrators to run the bureaucracy, the civil service exam was a must.
As China was a treasure to travelers such as Marco Polo, the Great Khan Kubilai welcomed the traveler to bring Christians with him(Document H). This displays the Mongol characteristic of adaptation and acceptance towards new cultures and ideas, implementing diversity. When the Mongols conquered most of Asia, including China and Persia, they also gained control of the continental caravan routes, which were essential to their lucrative commerce(Document J). It is a misconception that the Mongols, a successful empire that excelled in it varied commerce and trade, was barbaric due to the mature level of tolerance required for peaceful public
Liaised by a centralized self-governance, the Han can be viewed as an almost idealization of what a dynasty should be. The empire of the Han dynasty, akin to that of the Romans and the Shang, were a result of numerous conquests and political strife. The advancement of technology, along with other such innovations, meant that the quality and quantity of life had greatly improved. This would mean greater amount of resources, both in terms of commerce and firepower. Beyond conquest and commerce, both means of acquiring power and wealth by past dynasties, the Han were able to create everlasting impact on the modern world through the usage of philosophy.
With the help of Horace, Koreans were able to bulid mines for gold, silver, and coal, develop an electric and steam railroad, and a waterway system. Horace’s effort did not end there, he tried to pursuade Americans that Korea was a country of potential and wanted American businesses to take interest. If the American buinesses were to take interest of Korea, Koreans would be able to grow more of their modern technology and raist their financial status. As a result of Horace’s efforts, American businesses began to take intrest in Korea, and Korea was able to advance in their overall finace and
Mercantilism was a system that encouraged Americans to trade among themselves instead of with outside powers by not taxing American Merchants and instead taxing merchants to import. Mercantilism aided in the development of America because America’s new economy and markets were sheltered from massive and foreign companies allowing a massive rate of growth for America's economy. The process of taxing foreign companies is known as protectionism which is directly involved with mercantilism and the strong belief in profitable trading that America possessed at the time. All three of these factors allowed America to grow at an extremely unprecedented rate in religion, politics, and
The most significant regional challenge is Nigeria’s increasing aggressiveness toward its neighbors. Aligning itself economically and militarily with China has enabled the Nigerian regime to increase its military capability and capacity, giving it an asymmetric advantage over neighboring countries. The Nigerian regime’s attempts to obtain material for the construction of
(affairs) Other countries such as the Netherlands and Portugal had continued to trade with Japan throughout the Tokugawa ban. However the conditions that they had to live in were very harsh. Neither one of these countries colonised Japan either. (The Kingdom of the
Japan started to become a stronger nation. This idea of Japanese cultural superiority over Asians expanded in the late nineteenth century and grew in intensity. This lead to many writers to write books and articles trying to explain to their country that they have the potential to lead Asia. They started to think that they had the confidence to lead Asia so in their thought they needed to gather the whole Asia and create one whole nation. Now because of this economy was really something they needed to consider.
From the article of railroads,“Not only did the railways provide greater opportunity through extending markets, they also stimulated more people to start businesses and thereby enter the markets. An extended marketplace provided a greater number of individuals the opportunity to produce and sell goods.” (Kelly) Opportunity overpowers the negative factor of the architecture and locomotives being unfriendly to the environment. Another positive factor that outdoes the negative is the advantages of mass production. In the article about nineteenth century architecture,“While the battle of styles was engaging the energies of the architects, great changes were introduced in industry. Mass production became possible in glass, iron and later steel” (19th Century Architecture).
The Unintended consequences of Zhang Qian’s Mission An important reason the Silk Road was successful, was the fundamental bonds that were created between each kingdom. Zhang Qian, in particular, opened the west to China. Not only did he initiate a commerce interaction between nations, but he also opened a pathway that would spread new cultures and ideas throughout the world. Although his mission was not entirely successful, he initiated the first diplomatic and economic relationships between china and the west, igniting exchange of cultures and ideas as well as the birth of the Silk Road. In chapter 3, Adventures of a Diplomat-Adventurer, Silk Road by Luce Boulnois, the impact of Zhang Qian is further explained.
Although, the transnational technical community was the significant reason in which Taiwan has developed so rapidly. Institutions and markets have had a larger effect on Japan. The culture and history of Japan had strong values for building an economic empire and eventually its market grew to match it. It’s large enterprises formed its economic power. Although Biggart would lean towards the institutional approach, I partially agree that Japan’s institutions allowed for its growth but this was not the case for Taiwan.