Operating Room Case Study

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CHAPTER ONE
1.1. BACKGROUND OF STUDY
The operating room presents a number of environmental hazards to both Surgical Personnel and Patients. Hazards can be defined as a risk danger involved in anything you are doing.
Chemical hazards exist from the use of faceanesthetic gases, flammable anesthetic agents, various detergents and antimicrobial solutions, medications and cavex product. Other even present physical hazards include electric shocks and burns, exposure to radiation from x-ray equipment and injuries caused by lasers. In addition to causing injury directly, the use of lasers can expose OR personnel to papillomavirus in smoke plumes. Hazards that are less often considered include noise pollution and light hazards from high intensity illumination.
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Surgery by its very nature makes demands on the body’s homeostatic mechanisms that if unchecked, would be injurious. It is the role of the anesthesiologist to anticipate these demands, compensate for them and protect the patient by supporting the body’s own efforts to maintain homeostasis.
Patient protection demands that concerned physician understand the effects of their Perioperative intervention both positive and negative and act to minimize the unintended consequences.
1.2. STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
Hazards that occur in the operating room and its effects on the personnel causes a great concern to the nurses, doctors, anesthetist and other personnel working in the operating room theatre.
The causes of these hazards however can be determined and some can be beyond the control of the theatre personnel. For this reason some medical workers prefer to work in the ward rather than in the theatre.
Having been taught about operating room hazards, the researcher tends to verify if these hazards do actually happen and if they occur, how we can prevent them and what we do when they occur.
1.3. RESEARCH
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THE PURPOSE OF THIS STUDY
1. To identify the effects of hazards present in operating room in UBTH.
2. To determine the frequency of occurrence of these hazards.
3. To look out for what the commonest hazards in the operating theatre are.
4. To determine whether the theatre personnel are aware of the effects of these hazards in the theatre.
5. To verify if really, the presence of these hazardous effects made some staff feel reluctant to work in the operating theatre.
1.5. SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
The results derived from this study will assist in identifying hazards and its effects present in the operating rooms in UBTH and measures that can be taken to minimize them.
• It will serve as a stepping stone for future researchers who desire to carry out research on allied subject.
• More so, the study is necessary in partial fulfillment for the award of Diploma in Perioperative Nursing Management.
1.6. SCOPE OF STUDY
The study is centered on the knowledge of hazards in operating room theatre in the University of Benin Teaching Hospital and ways of preventing them. The study shall cover the surgeons, anaesthetist, the operating room nurses, the porters, etc.
1.7. LIMITATION OF STUDY
This research work is being limited by the following

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