(NSA 1993, 16) What was seen after the Purple Dragon survey, was the enemy’s ability to gather intelligence on future attacks had been affected a great deal, leading to increased battle damage from the lack of intelligence received by the enemy. (NSA 1993, 25) What OPSEC has become is tool to protect US forces and limit enemy intelligence to ensure success of operations
This was an Army lead operation in the Shah-i-Kot valley. The enemy mounted a strong resistance from the high ground making it difficult for the United States Military to advance. This operation resulted in 8 American casualties. Lambeth blasts the Army’s plan for Anaconda explain several problems citing the lack of communication between the Army and Air Force as the main reason. He also states that some believe the Army intentionally left out the air services of other branches of the military so it could take more credit for the operation.
Dissertation First Chapter Draft: Violence between BP and different groups (US and Blackstone Rangers) and my argument that it revealed a lack of structure of control in the federal government and a disregard for federal and constitutional law by the FBI: On September 9, 1968, Director Hoover wrote in the pages of the New York Times, that the Panther’s are regarded as “the greatest [single] threat to the internal security of the country”, Hoover’s intention in this was to increase the tension and instability that had been sown in the ranks of the Black Panther’s even since the initiation of COINTELPRO-Black Hate in 1967. Hoover, and in effect the FBI, wished to create social unrest, part of this unrest was the incitement of violence between
The failure to rescue the American hostages held in Iran still haunts people to this day. On November 4, 1979, the U.S embassy was illegally broke into and approximately 63 hostages seized. When the Ayatollah was not entertaining diplomatic solutions, President Jimmy Carter resorted to a military plan of action. Even though the operation was name Operation Eagle Claw, it is commonly referred to as the Iranian hostage rescue attempt or Desert One, where the entire operation came to a disastrous end. History An Islamic revolution had started in Iran in January 1978 that would eventually topple their government.
Adam Jacobson – Transnational Security – Position Paper 5 – 10/17/15 Michael Boyle, in his article “The Costs and Consequences of Drone Warfare,” argues that the United States’ policy of targeted killing by drones has been less beneficial and accurate than the U.S. government claims. The leaked “Drone Papers,” released this past week, which show the drone program as significantly ineffective and haphazard, reinforce Boyle’s conclusions. The “Drone Papers,” a cache of official U.S. government documents about the drone program mostly in Pakistan, Yemen, and Somalia, while not the fount of groundbreaking information their publishers claim, are valuable in confirming information from unnamed sources the media has previously reported. For example, the policy of classifying any “military-age males” killed by strikes who were not being targeted as combatants instead of civilians, previously reported (and noted by Boyle), is confirmed in the documents. In many strikes, the government designated any bystander killed along with or instead of the strike’s intended target an “Enemy Killed in Action” or “EKIA.” Presented alongside other statistics in the documents, like that over a six-month period, those killed by strikes were
With a lack of education and technology, we did not know how to properly build or take care of the earth. This was the same period when we focused on technological improvements, with the Cold War and the United States focusing on Math and Sciences instead of the Arts. The Cold War lasted till around 1991. This caused a major influence in society to be “takers”. You had counter-culture like the Flower Child movement or doves during Korea and Vietnam Wars, making them the “leaver” culture.
Just recently the TSA has proved the ineffectiveness of its new regulations when a report, regarding the TSA’s debacle, was leaked. According to Kriston Capps, a writer at CityLab, in his article ‘Airport Security: Astoundingly Expensive and 95 Percent Ineffective,’ Airline security is 95 percent ineffective. All the public wanted was just one story to support their theory and ABC news provided that when it reported that TSA agents failed detestably, when members of the US Department of Homeland Security easily went passed airport security, carrying fake explosives. According to Capps’ article, “with the TSA not doing its job, airport security is a total waste of resources.” He furthers shares that “Airport security is especially expensive when it doesn’t work at all,” further bashing the TSA for the recent mishap. It may be argued that one instance does not prove the total ineffectiveness of the agency, especially when in several years, there has not been any reported attacks such as 9/11.
However, as George Howe stated in the file “The Early History of the NSA”, “the protection of the security of U.S communications by codes, ciphers, and other measures can be traced back as far as the war for American Independence, cryptologic activities resembling those of the NSA could not originate until the advent of radio communications” (11). That is true; tracking radio communications drastically changed how intelligence was gathered and sent. I cannot imagine how difficult it would have been to have to track letters and paper documents; it must have been a fragile task, decoding physical letters and redistributing them without the interception being noticed. Communication intelligence sent by machines includes the famous example of Enigma. During World War II, the British Intelligence broke Enigma and shared the information with the U.S Communication Security, which was a predecessor of the NSA (Streissguth 46).
President Nixon had a poor impression on his presidency title when compared to his predecessor Lyndon B. Johnson because of the Watergate scandal, violation of international law, and attempt at wage and price controls. The Watergate Scandal was an act by President Nixon, that caused him to become the infamous president he was known as. The Watergate Scandal was a burglary that occurred in June 17, 1972 and was organized by none other than President Nixon himself. The scandal caused a great deal of uncertainty in America as no one wanted to believe that the President would do something so naive and devious. This scandal’s main purpose was to steal secret documents and wiretap phones in order to retrieve information from the
This scandal served as a precursor to America 's overwhelming distrust of the government. Suspected of orchestrating a break-in at the Democratic National Committee headquarters at the Watergate office complex in Washington, D.C., President Nixon’s administration attempted to cover up any signs of their involvement. This scandal led to the discovery of many abuses of power by the Nixon administration, Nixon’s impeachment, eventually Nixon’s resignation from office in August of 1974. Though there is no solid evidence to convict President Nixon of directly ordering the break in, his administration was indeed guilty of trying to cover the entire ideal by paying off witnesses. This scandal added to a growing credibility gap which began during Lyndon B. Johnson’s