Specifically, Austria and Spain were both still formidable powers and traditional alliance theory would predict some emergence of balancing alliances in the new system. However, a careful look at the details of the alliance formation and actions taken by the allies shows that this balance of power explanation is insufficient. The terms of the creation of the alliance were focused largely on the internal policies of the two nations, and included a stipulation that France destroy one of its ports which had been in use by factions trying to overthrow the British crown. These stipulations do not make sense in an alliance oriented toward an external threat. Additionally, over the course of the alliance, the two nations were constantly at odds with each other, and experienced very different outcomes, with Britain accomplishing its (mostly diplomatic) goals and France loosing much of its influence on the continent.
From beginning to end, Irving demolishes the credibility of the myth, with things such as the invention of the historian Knickerbocker to the judge. Irving points out the flaws that exist in America through the use of Rip. When he does not recognize himself this is synonymous with America’s inability to recognize or define themselves. The society is not in harmony with its thought’s and action’s which disillusions the purpose of the myth giving them a sense of identity. Irving plays off of various inspirations and his character Rip undergoes the typical heroic journey.
ADRP 6-0 states, “Mission command is the exercise of authority and direction by the commander using mission orders to enable disciplined initiative within the commander’s intent to empower agile and adaptive leaders in the conduct of unified land operations.” Effective mission command enables mission success. However, ineffective mission command can dismantle a well-designed plan. Major General Roberts failed to build cohesive teams through mutual trust, create shared understanding, use mission orders, and accept prudent risk. Roberts’ oversight in establishing these mission command principles led to the failure of the mission and the death of thousands of men. Roberts did not build cohesive teams through mutual trust with his fellow commanders.
The infamous Vietnam war cast serious doubt on Westmoreland’s claims of progress in the war effort. Even after the war, Westmoreland fought off criticisms of his conduct of the war in Vietnam. The United States began developing ground forces to Vietnam under Westmoreland who had decided to conduct a war based on Attrition. His strategy of attrition aimed to inflict heavy losses on North Vietnamese and Viet Cong forces using search and destroy operations tactics and superior U.S. firepower. Westmoreland largely ignored other key responsibilities most importantly in dealing with their counterparts in the South Vietnam’s Armed Forces.
Minh’s upbringing inside the Imperial City was shaped by the Nguyen Dynasty’s anticolonial sentiment, which held slight control inside the citadel until 1945. The recapture of Minh’s hometown would have been as significant to him as Stalingrad was to Stalin. With the Vietnam War in a stalemate, Ho Chi Minh intended to ignite a revolution against the American foreign influence. The ability to refute the American impression that the war was coming to an end was a key consideration while shaping of the Tet Offensive. It is for this reason, that Huế became an important objective.
Operation Anaconda could have been a successful mission if the task organization was correct. Because CJTF Mountain did not integrate SOF personnel correctly, did not work proper coordination with U.S. Air Command, and did not add artillery units and heavy armor into their task organization, the overall mission was a
They also suffered massive losses. The land was destroyed, partly due to Stalin 's 'scorched-earth ' policy. It was impossible to calculate the number of dead, but it is estimated at several million. However, Churchill was very suspicious of Stalin, and believed a powerful Russia could be just as big a threat as a powerful Germany. Churchill wanted to 'shake hands with the Russians as far to the east as possible, ' to stop them gaining more land.
The First Crusade had clear messaging with a clear goal: the retaking of the Holy Land. Yet the Second and Third Crusades were called in response to two tragedies, the fall of Edessa and the defeat at the Battle of Hattin. Despite Bernard of Clairvaux preaching at a level comparable to Peter the Hermit, inspiring devotion to the Second Crusade was plainly more difficult than doing so for First Crusade because of the murkier goals of the undertaking. The decision to target Damascus rather than Edessa clouded the whole undertaking. And it certainly couldn’t have helped crusader morale when they arrived in the Holy Land to find a tangled political system in which Catholic principalities were allied with Muslim
Interestingly, the Soviet declaration of war against the Japanese is not mentioned in this recapitulate. These successes had an unforeseen consequence for the newly founded Air Force; generals had inflated expectations that influenced Washington, where political leaders worried that strategic bombing could provide amply propaganda opportunities to the enemy (p6). However, this was the exact goal of the USAF at the start of the Korean War. According to Crane, close air support did not influence the enemy’s decision making, and despite outcry by elements of the army, airmen wanted air interdiction and strategic bombing (p28). Friction between General MacArthur and General LeMay appeared, MacArthur only wanted to attack military targets, while LeMay pushed for targeting city centers.
Centered on the principle of Collective Security, the League’s aim was to maintain worldwide peace and resolve disputes in diplomatic means thus, avoiding military conflicts. It is ironic how the League failed to achieve its one job of maintaining peace and one can even argue that the League’s inefficiency caused World War II. The Abyssinian crisis is the biggest example of how the League was doomed to fail. The League had failed to contain conflicts that eventually led to war. However, it is arguably the Abyssinian crisis in 1935 that highlighted the weakness of the League.