The battle of Okinawa, codenamed operation Iceberg , formed part of the Pacific war. This battle between the Japanese and the Americans resulted in victory for the allies. it is known to be the bloodiest battle in the Pacific. The battle took place when the US wanted to take the biggest island in the Ryuko islands in Japan in order to make it a base for air operations. The 82 day long battle lasted from 1st April to 22nd June 1945.
The Japanese quickly drew up plans to conquer the island of Midway after one of the U.S. most famous attacks on the Japanese mainland, The Doolittle Raid. Although this raid did not cause much damage it did show the Japanese that they were not untouchable and that the U.S. military was capable of hitting them. The planning of the invasion of Midway was given to Japanese Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto. His carrier strike force would be made up of four aircraft carriers guarded by a handful of cruisers and destroyers. His plan was split into two parts, one force would attack and lure out the U.S. navy away from Midway, while the other force would invade Midway itself.
Iwo Jima was a very important battle during WWII. The reason why this battle was important was because the American Air Force used the island to provide fighter escorts for the B-29 Super fortresses to protect them. Iwo Jima was an island off Japan. It had a low population of about 1080 people. There were about 6 settlements that were located on Iwo Jima.
In January 1944 General Dwight Eisenhower was made the commander of Operation Overlord, in the months and weeks before D-Day the Allies carried out a massive deception operation intended to make the Germans think the main invasion target was Pas-de-Calais rather than Normandy. This plan had multiple steps that had to occur chronologically to ensure an Allied victory. Each one of the steps involved in the invasions had different codenames. “The first phase, the amphibious invasion and establishment of a secure foothold, was named Operation Neptune. Second, to gain air superiority, the Allies needed to ensure a successful invasion, the third was where the Allies undertook a bombing campaign known as Operation Pointblank, which targeted German aircraft production, fuel supplies and airfields.
An example is the amphibious landing in Anzio, which Churchill referred to as a “beached whale” in desperate need of help. The troops in Anzio should have cut off the supply route to the Gustav Line and attacked it with a pincer movement. The overall strategy was therefore, adequate. The tactics implemented were also satisfactory since 70,000 troops, 356 tanks and 18,000 other vehicles had been brought ashore by the end of January, enough to launch a powerful attack from the North and aid the troops fighting on the Gustav Line. However, the plan ultimately failed because of the lack of communication between the troops and the miscalculations of the leaders.
The first reason being the pressure from Eisenhower’s superior in the United States to coordinate and send off a team of highly trained paratroopers. “Then, Montgomery had long been advising Eisenhower on the folly of a broad-front strategy, for that many military leaders in history had lost their hard-earned initiative by failing to concentrate their forces. This would allow Montgomery to launch his assault on the industrial heartland of Germany and end the war by Christmas.” (Greenarce 284) General Dwight D Eisenhower was the commander of the operation which would take over the land campaign from
The horrific slaughter that followed was the last straw for President Franklin D. Roosevelt. The U.S was going to war and our Commander and Chief had the broad responsibility to lead us as a nation in what would soon become known as World War II. Franklin D Roosevelt had decided to declare war. This would take us into a period of time that Roosevelt had to make many difficult choices out of fear and bad advice. “Two months after the Japanese bombing of Pearl Harbor, U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed Executive Order 9066 ordering all Japanese-Americans to evacuate the west coast.” (History.com 2015) This decision eventually led to the internment of Japanese citizens against their will.
With all of this air, armored, and man power the decisions of a select few generals and high ranking enlisted members would cost thousands of lives based off of a “Hail Mary” plan to try and end the war before Christmas. The mission was to capture the Rhine by securing
After the bombing, the United State troops approached the island. At their first sight, the troops thought that they had wiped out all of the Japanese troops. This is because the Japanese had dug a tremendous amount of underground tunnels and hideouts (Chen). This is why the United States had a very limited amount of success with the bombing. The Japanese Imperial Navy was instructed to stay in their positions until all of the beaches around Iwo Jima were full.
In 1951 a seven mile stretch of hills running north and south, the cries of men dying could be heard along with the retort of artillery and machine gun fire throughout the valley. This location of such destruction was Heartbreak Ridge, located just north of the 38th parallel the U.S. 2nd Infantry Division along with its NATO allies were making a push to take the ridge and hills to prevent the North Koreans and their Chinese allies from invading South Korea again. The month long campaign to take Heartbreak Ridge would push the U.S. and her allies to the breaking point but their sheer determination and fortitude would see them through to the end and to victory. In 1951 the Korean War has turned into a stalemate along the 38th parallel where
World War Two caused the death of millions of innocent people and the destruction of thousands of years of civilisation through the viciousness of mankind. World War Two started on the 3rd of September 1939 when the allied forces declared war against Germany after the unprovoked attack of Poland and didn’t end until 1945 with the defeat of the Japanese imperial forces. The battle of Kokoda began on July 21st 1942 when the Japanese imperial army invaded Papua New Guinea with the intent of capturing Port Moresby and using it as a launching point onto Australian soil. The battle ended on January 23rd 1943, resulting in an Allied victory. There were four peoples at war in Kokoda, those were the Australians and the Americans, who were allied.