It was the least well know operation of the war. But it was the 2nd largest and the most successful of the entire war (operationdragoon.org). Forces began to invade the coast of Southern France, capturing the French ports of Toulon and Marseilles. This lead a push north to the Rhone Valley essentially making a supply route for support to the Northern troops. At the conclusion of Operation Dragoon, the Allies sustained around 17,000 killed and wounded.
To the west was Von Zangen’s 15th Army, to the east was Student’s 1st Parachute Army, and in the south at the Siegfried line was Brandenberger’s 7th Army. Model requested for reinforcements, but Germany have no available soldiers, so they conscripted young and old men. Model also ordered the 2nd SS Panzer Corps to retreat towards Arnhem to rest and refit. (Appendix D) This decision to transfer the SS Panzer by Model is one of the reasons why Operation Market Garden failed. Hitler believed that Model wasn’t capable of restoring the German defense, so he replaced Model with Von Rundstedt as OB West.
Hitler said the trauma of defeat made him convinced that the Jews caused it. The defeat of the German war shocked many Germans. The Communist posed violent revolution throughout Germany. Germany now faced political, economical and social problems in months and years. Mean while the German politicians
Afraid of the American troops finding the work camps; Hitler ordered all work camps to be evacuated to death camps deep in Germany. Death Marches Death marches began when enemy forces invaded Germany finding work camps. Hitler didn't want his enemy's finding even more work camps and liberate them, so he decided to get rid of the evidence. The death marches
Many years ago, there was a dark time called the Holocaust. It was the time when Adolf Hitler was elected as the president of Germany and he started convincing the Germans that the Jews were the ones that were the problem for everything, and if they got rid of them then life would be better for Germany. Hitler started a group he called Nazis. They were soldiers of his that did as he said, such as the many terrible things to Jews, handicapped, aged, sick, and many many more. After the war Nazis were evil people who were mostly taken to trial to be killed, jailed, or released unless they got away to another unknown country (www.hawaii.edu/powerkills/NAZIS:CHAP1.HTM).
This invasion was the beginning of “Operation Overlord”, which was the attempt to open a second front against Germany in hopes it would weaken the German forces. D-Day was an international effort with many countries having been involved. Unsurprisingly this operation took countless hours of precise planning. D-Day was the largest naval, air, and land operation in history. All in all World War Two was the worst conflict in the entire history of the world.
This loss of Japanese aircraft proved a deciding factor in the battle. Japanese fleet commander Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto made plans to lead the Japanese Navy and attack the 2 islands that make up Midway Atoll. He thought that the U.S. could not win a battle based so close to its broken Pearl Harbor. Admiral Yamamoto was expecting to ambush America, but America surprised them with the ambush. American Navy successfully sank the Japanese Akagi, Kaga, Soryu, and Hiryu aircraft carriers, with 322 planes and over 5,000 soldiers on them.
Both Hitler and Roosevelt came to power in 1933. Hitler became the new chancellor of Germany while Roosevelt became president of the United States. They both had charisma and a powerful aura. However years to come would show that they used their power very differently. Hitler killed many people including 6 million Jews.
He imbibed racist ideas during his stay in Vienna, which he later fled to avoid service in the army (Encyclopaedia Judaica, 2007). After World War 1, Germany was forced to pay reparations to France and Great Britain. People in Germany were upset and angry over this, Hitler took advantage of this and gave them a target to focus their anger and resentment on: the Jewish population. The quote is from the Encyclopeadia judaica, “In June 1934 he had his predecessors as chancellor along with numerous others murdered as a sign of his total control.” This supports the thesis by showing that he had the ambition to do what it takes to gain more power. He wasn’t afraid to kill them, for him it was another step he had to take in order to further control Germany.
The Great Depression was triggered by a collapse in U.S share prices in 1929, after a decade-long economic prosperity. Even though this event’s main cause was in the U.S, the effects were felt all over the world. In Germany, the depression caused a great number of businesses to close, mass unemployment and caused public dissatisfaction towards the Weimar Republic, which then led to a dramatic increase in popularity for the extreme left and right wing parties. However, even though the Great Depression was a significant event on German history, this event is still one of many. The War guilt clause, article 231 states that Germany had to pay a sum of ￡6.6 billion as war reparations, Weimar Germany was allowed to pay in the form of raw materials as opposed to actual money.
As stated in Article 232 of the Treaty of Versailles, Germany became angry and humiliated as it was being forced to pay 132 billion gold marks ($367 billion in US Dollars, 2010) over the next 30 years (Doc C). In 1929, these payments were reduced to 112 billion gold marks ($341 billion), but Germany still fell behind on these payments as they were struggling to pay for their own reparations of World War I (Doc C). As Hitler rose to power, he stopped all of the reparation payments and continued to rule Germany in his own reign. The payments required for the reparations of the victorian countries did not allow Germany to strengthen itself, thus allowing anger towards the Treaty of Versailles to lead as a contributing factor of World War
By this time, more than 33,771 Jews were killed. The Soviets started taking and retaking cities, launching a major counter-attack and caused Germany to abandon Moscow (The History Place, n.d.). Then one of the largest attacks on US soil was launched. The bombing of Pearl Harbor killed at least 2,000 people ( ). This event caused Britain and the United States to declare war on Japan, and Germany and Italy declared war on America.
The Allies stopped the advance of the German army in North Africa and began pushing back. The British commander Montgomery broke thru the Mareth Line and on May 13, 1943 defeated the Axis forces. The most important turning point of the war was D Day in Normandy. This was let by General Eisenhower and the United States Allies. On June 5, 1943 the Allies attacked taking Germany by surprise.