The United States of America failed in preventing the Communist takeover of Vietnam and had to reexamine its policy and initial involvement in the region. All around the world including UNO criticized the American involvement in the Vietnam War. Failure of US in this war was a big setback for the American hegemony. After that incident, USA never tried to use the forces in Southeast Asia. In case of North Korea also it is using diplomacy policy and trying to solve the issue with the help of dialogue because they are well aware that, military action may lead to Vietnam II.
The Unites States bombing campaign was one of the reasons the North Vietnamese troops were pushed further into Cambodia. As much as Cambodia wanted to remain neutral in the Vietnam War, they could not avoid it. When the United States and North Vietnamese came to a cease fire and formed a peace treaty the U.S pulled out their troops, but they left with an ongoing war between the Cambodian citizens and their government. The disputes with the government led to the rise of Pol Pot and the Khmer Rouge. The Khmer Rouge were brutal and harsh killed millions in efforts to reconstruct Cambodia.
King’s speech is a powerful and it gives a different view to the war in Vietnam. King was against everything about war and what it mean. He was against the way America did not help the poor in its own country, but it aids a war that is causing many deaths and is ruining lives on both sides of the fight. King provided several steps in his speech that he though America should make to get out of the conflict. King wanted to speak for both sides and wanted to be speak for the rest of the people that was also against the violent
The U.S. military wanted an invasion but Kennedy countered saying it would be a bloody and terrible battle for both sides coming off with fresh wounds from World War 2. Both sides really did not want a war to begin and both superpowers were trying to get the upper hand in the arms race. But negotiations kept going and President Kennedy and Khrushchev both sent letters and radio messages to try to resolve the conflict before war sprung. Thus, the most tense part began wan both sides readied their armies because they thought war would happen. The doomsday clock had begun.
The Vietnam War proved to be the longest war in both Australian and American history in the 20th century but presented a lot of debate as well as mixed opinions about Australia’s actions and involvement. The USA, who lead the operation and campaign, purely took part in the War to prevent the spread of communism globally, and also to prevent the domino effect from occurring in neighbouring countries in Asia. Furthermore, the Viet Cong were fighting the North Vietnamese government to improve Vietnam, which was under communist rule. However the alliance with America that Australia had, through SEATO and also ANZUS treaties, played a major factor and also a trigger for our involvement. Australia feared communism, and was definitely a key threat which ultimately forced us to contribute to the Vietnam War.
The twenty-first century did not begin very smoothly for the United States. Hijacked planes crashing into the Twin Towers soon led to a war in Afghanistan. The act of military power, or control of armed forces and weapons, under the Bush administration in Afghanistan is often debated on whether or not it was justified. Some people view the war as the United States meddling with another country’s business, but they do not know the indisputable reasons behind the decision made by the experienced National Guard turned president. President George W. Bush exerted military power by waging war in Afghanistan in order to end the terrorism that was targeted at the United States.
Vietnam had been an important symbol for capitalism for the USA government with the fail of China in 1949 and the failure in Korea from 1950 - 1957 it was essential for the US that Vietnam maintained a capitalist presence and not lose Vietnam to communism. Since it would be a massive personal blow to the US government as well as the US authority around the world. There are many arguments that US tactics were inefficiently used. To begin with they used heavy bombings which did damage North Vietnams supply routes the Ho Chi Mhin trail but it did not stop the trail which provided the Viet Congs with equipment and weapons from neighboring countries. It's an embarrassment that the US failed to stop countries such as Cambodia and Laos since the
“Communist rule in Vietnam...would be repressive and antidemocratic..”(Farber,140). Communist rule will not be nice and beneficial to Vietnam, that is the wrong view of Communism. Their oppressive government needs to be overthrown, just like how the British were to the Americans. They got their peace and freedom through fighting. The Domino theory is if Vietnam becomes a Communist country, the rest of the dominos will fall (Farber,122).
The previous conflict that the US had with the USSR about the spread of communism was already lost and a great deal of tension for the US. They di not want to repeat that. Some extremists in the US believed that there would be no solution to the eradication of the tension from the Vietnam War other than for violent protests to take place. There was a revolutionary group that was later formed, this group in the late 1960’s wanted to overthrow the US government to prevent the Vietnam War from escalating any further. The Gay rights protest and the Vietnam War protests were both important during the 60s and 70s and the youth were against these events and decided it was important to express their opinion.
The Tet offensive, which took place on the 31st of January 1968, had huge significance on the political landscape of America, and public opinion on the war in Vietnam. After the Tet offensive, public support for the war plummeted, and with ever increasing support in the anti-war movement and protests, the war in Vietnam was no longer justifiable to the American public. As a result of this president Johnson stepped down from running for re-election, leaving an anti-war democrat running against an anti-war republican. This meant that Nixon was elected, which arguably ended the Vietnam War, due to his change in tactics. This knock on effect started with the Tet offensive, makes Tet one of the most significant events in the whole conflict.
Discussion 11 1) How and why did the United States escalate its role in the Vietnam War? After the Geneva Accords split Vietnam in two, a group called the Vietcong began a war against the governing authority in South Vietnam. During this time, the US was sending supplies and a small amount of troops to South Vietnam to help shape the new democratic country. When North Vietnamese (communist) patrol boats attacked American destroyers, this led to all-out war with North Vietnam. The US also got involved to stop communism from spreading from North to South Vietnam.
President Lyndon Johnson 's continued support for the South Vietnamese was a culmination of misunderstandings and misconceptions throughout the war. Johnson inherited a difficult issue from Kennedy, and his choices were few and crucial. The United States entered the war confident of, if not certain of, success. However, a small-scale military effort quickly expanded into a vast military crisis. Events of Vietnam locked the United States onto a path of immense military intervention and ultimately destroyed Johnson 's presidency.
American being a capitalist national and Russia being a communist nation, these two highly contrasting ideologies resulted in major aggression between the two countries resulting in a series of proxy wars across the world including Korea and Vietnam in a attempt to eradicate each other. Communism ideas began to become more prevalent in China during the 1950’s. China then began to support smaller countries in Indochina to become communist nations such as Korea and Vietnam; this was an early example of Australia using military action in order to defeat communism in the Asia pacific. The domino theory was a thesis put forward by America stating that if South Vietnam were to fall to communism, because of its geographical position the entire region would eventually convert to communism therefore communism had to be eliminated in South Vietnam to prevent the spread of communism in the Asia Pacific. Australia due to its allegiance with Europe became weaker overall after the war as Europe would be unable to support Australia in case of a mainland invasion as they needed to rebuild from the effects of war, this left Australia in search for a new powerful ally.