Resistance happens when a drug is no longer effective in controlling a medical condition. Resistance arises for many reasons, for example the effectiveness of barbiturates (used to cure mild seizures and sleep disorders) often decreases when used repeatedly because taking it repeatedly causes the body to increase its production in the liver of mixed function oxidases that metabolise the drug, therefore reducing the drug’s effectiveness. An increase in the rate of production of an enzyme that metabolises the drug is a common reason for drug resistance. Another reason for drug resistance is the down-regulation of receptors (decrease in the number of receptors). Down-regulation happens when the receptors are stimulated repeatedly which causes the receptor to be broken down.
Drug Addiction Zaid Tabaza 8’5 Figure 1: Drug Addiction Key Concept: Relationships Related Concept: Consequences, Environment Balance. Global Context: Identities and Relationships Addiction is the state of overdependence on a certain substance. Drug addiction, caused by social, environmental, and genetic factors, has become a global problem with serious implications on those affected, their societies, and the economy. Main causes of addiction shown in Figure 1 include the overuse of cigarettes, alcohol or drugs. Table 1 shows that deaths because of drug overdoses in the US during 2010 exceeded 38,000 people.
There are a lot of times in a person 's life in which they will need a personal injury attorney. Some of those times are going to be more severe than others. Prescription errors, car accidents and wrongful deaths are some of the main cases that a personal injury attorney will usually take. Prescription errors occur more often than a person would think. The statistics say that the amount of preventable medication mistakes that hurt people is 1.5 million patients yearly.
The world population has reached 7 billion people. Of these, an estimated 230 million people or 5% of the world’s adult population abused drugs at least once in 2010 according to United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (2011). Approximately 27 million (0.6% of the world adult population) are problem drug users or drug addicts (United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, 2011). Drug addicts require treatment. In 2009, 4.5 million people worldwide were receiving treatment for problems related to drug abuse, though the need is much higher.
5.2 Acute toxicity Acute intoxication by the inhalation of mercury vapour affects mainly to the lungs; Patients suffer from respiratory insufficiency, interstitial pneumonia, pulmonary emphysema. These respiratory symptoms can lead to more serious ones such as insufflation of the mediastinal connective tissue. Apart from respiratory symptoms, fever and headache are also frequent. This clinical presentation can be observed after several hours of exposure to mercury vapour at levels around 1.3 Hg/m3. These symptoms are unlikely to be observed below concentration of 0,1 Hg/m3.
Pharmaceutical drug overdoses were recorded as one of the leading causes of death in the United States, killing more Americans than firearms or motor vehicle accidents (Prescription Drug Abuse Statistics, 2013). Many patients are being prescribed these medications after surgery or after suffering an injury that may not require surgery and through overuse, causing these patients to become addicted. Although many feel that doctors are still overprescribing narcotics, this epidemic of prescription drug abuse has been brought to the forefront of national consciousness causing many prevention strategies of abuse to be put in place, strategies that were not presented in the past. The hope for these strategies is to curb the amount of unnecessary prescriptions being prescribed. Some of these strategies include educating and training physicians and doctors in the diagnosis and treatment of addictive diseases, specifically the abuse and misuse of controlled prescription drugs, as well as the implementation of the Prescription Drug Monitoring Program (PDMP), which
If your blood pressure turns too low, you may die 6. Nausea When your body is trying to compensate for low potassium, it will result in Nausea. Your muscle and kidney may stop working properly, resulting in the loss of vital nutrients and fluids, it could give you an upset stomach. (In addition, if you are feeling bit dizzy or weak, those signs can contribute to a feeling of nausea as well.) 7.
The most common side effect of chelation therapy is a burning sensation at the site where the EDTA is injected into the vein. Rarely, side effects can include fever, headache, nausea, and vomiting. Serious and potentially fatal side effects, which are very rare, include heart failure; a sudden drop in blood pressure; abnormally low blood levels of calcium; permanent kidney damage; and bone marrow depression (meaning that blood cell counts fall). Infrequently, reversible kidney injury has been reported. Other serious side effects can occur if EDTA is not administered by a trained health professional.
After waking up from a wild night with too much alcohol intake, severe headache is anticipated. Below are the following measures on how to get rid of hangover headache: a. Medicate your hangover - Take an over-the-counter painkillers such as ibuprofen, however, this may aggravate your stomach and will cause nausea. - Take an antacid pill for your stomach – taking an antacid can neutralize the acidity level in your stomach since alcohol intake causes high acidity level. - Take a multivitamin pill – when drinking alcoholic beverages, you tend to lose important nutrients such as Vitamin B2 and folate that should be replaced. Taking soluble pill will get into your system faster.
Overall it can be concluded that we need to cure to coronary heart disease as it is also the disease which kills the amount of people under abusing diet pills in many countries. If we can stop taking these weight loss products or pills it will not only save millions of lives, but it will save billions of one particular country. I feel that if people knew a lilttle bit more about the disadvantages of diet pills they could coubter it before they realize they have it. Even you do lose weight by using diet pills, research suggests that once you stop taking the pills, you will gain back the weight and may be at greater risk of heat attack or stroke. We must eat wiser and work wiser.
“Alcohol Abuse Linked to Higher Heart Risks, Study Says” by Susan Scutti is another article that support the relation between alcohol abuse and negative health consequences. In accordance with the research above, alcohol abuse has been correlated with heart diseases. According to the Journal of the American College of Cardiology, “abusing alcohol increases the likelihood of suffering atrial fibrillation, heart attack, or congestive heart failure” (Scutti, 2017). She included findings from the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project’s California State Ambulatory Surgey Databases, Emergency Department Databases, and State Inpatient Databases. The findings resulted after surveying millions of alcohol abused patients, is that for some of them, alcohol abuse is associated with a doubled risk of atrial fibrillation, a 1.4 higher risk of heart attack, and 2.3 higher risk of congestive heart failure.
One issue that social workers are faced with today is the ever growing population of Heroin and Methamphetamine users in Indiana. Over the past several years, both heroin and meth usage in Indiana has continued to rise. This surge has affected citizens of Indiana in a multitude of ways, including children being removed from homes. The increased removal rate has put on a strain on emergency shelters to provide for “drug endangered children.” Heroin is an opiate, much like prescription painkillers. However, heroin is much easier to obtain and less expensive than prescription drugs.
The risk is also increased if a physician has a patient who is confused about the proper way to take the medication. The patient could accidentally overdose. Also, elderly patients tend to forget to take their medications or get confused on when or how to take them. This could potentially be as fatal as an overdose. According to research done by David Phillips, in 1983 2,876 people died due to medication errors.