As such, even when they were mobilised to fight the British, they were still very much addicted to the drug. The irony of the very drug China is fighting against would be the one that is weakening China’s resistance in terms of its army. However, in the film, everyone has miraculously recovered from the addiction in a short time and are fighting to the best of their ability. This might also be the film’s intention of advocating the strong China image despite its hard times. In conclusion, The Opium War is a informative movie for the audience to gain a rough idea of the war.
Since Britain’s East India Company smuggled an abundant amount of opium into the once-isolated China, in order to improve their trading situation, the China and its people were greatly affected: socially, the population depleted in a rapid rate especially since opium caused most of the addicts to either over-dose or die from the remission from the narcotic, many would lose their amount of silver or copper from the usage of opium, and more. Economically, the opium that was smuggled in by the East India Company was traded in for silver, which ultimately caused the inflation in silver and copper and more, some Chinese citizens lost their jobs either because of the entire conflict of because of the effects of the opium, and the items that were used to trade between the British and the China became one-sided; at first, China had more of an advantage, but the British later gained momentum and conclusively gained most of the advantages and the products that they desired, which were tea, porcelain, silk, and silver. And finally, the Opium War also affected China’s politics, especially since it was between the Chinese and the British, the two main powerhouses in the trading business. For example, China’s government attempted to please the requirements from Britain, by abiding to the four main concepts in the Treaty of Nanking (Nanjing) - “China [must] cede Hong Kong Island to the British Empire” (Emily), they must “open the ports of Canton, Amoy, Ningpo, Foochow, and Shanghai for foreign trade” (Emily), and as compensation for the loss of Britain’s merchandise, the British received fixed tariffs, “Most Favored Nations status” (Emily), “extraterritoriality for British citizens in China” (Emily), and “21 million ounces of silver” (Emily).And finally, China must allow British missionaries into central China – including what the
In the 18th century, Europe had a high demand for Chinese goods but the Chinese didn’t have a high demand for European goods. In order to pay back, Britain gave China the only commodity they would accept--silver, but they didn’t have enough silver. So, the Britain had to buy it from other European countries, which created further debt. In 1773, the British conquered the Bengal Province in India, which was the largest producer of opium at that time. So, the British decided to use opium as a commodity to decrease the debt between Britain and China.
They lacked organization, support, leadership, and left the British even more bitter towards them. Consequently, the British came up with a plan that only broke down the strength of the Indians even more. Britain promised the Indians a share in their government if the Indian soldiers helped fight their battles of seas against the Portuguese and some of the other European traders. However, more Indians were elected to the legislative council but the British made the struggle for independence even harder for the
Decayed Qing government locked itself up, refused the communication with outside, which made China arrogant until the Eight-Nation Alliance broke the door and invaded China. At that time, in western countries, China is cowardly but rich. The history and nation also can change the national characteristic thought different ways. It is incorrect to judge a nation’s culture and its characteristic with little
The paper will introduce the incident of 1857 and discuss the reasons for the British to defeat the rebels and the impacts of the incident on both the British and the Indians. The origin of the Sepoy Mutiny deeply connected to the history of the East India Company. With the Royal Charter granted by Queen Elizabeth, the East India Company started its trading post in India on December 31, 1600 to compete with other European powers such as the Spanish, the Portuguese and the Dutch for foreign trade in East Indies. The company was formed based on the concept of corporation and gradually accumulated its power to force the competitors out of the trading business. After the company forced the competitors out of the trading business in less than twenty years, it had to raise a powerful army to vie for more wealth with its enemies and rely on taxes collected from its territories.
British for flooding the Chinese market with opium. In the end, it was the herculean effort by the PRC government in the 1950s that succeeded in weeding out the opium problem in China. She attributed the success of the PRC government to its incorruptibility, determination, and also a lockdown in international trade that stemmed the inflow of drugs to China. Important to note too that for both Li Yangfan and Xia Guomei, the implied understanding is that China’s drug problems were always a result of negative foreign influences. Xia Guomei lamented how today’s China is “surrounded on all four directions by drugs.” There is a tendency for Chinese scholars to downplay the autonomy of Chinese themselves in contributing to their own drug problems.
Under British rule, India had the largest rail network in Asia, which allowed for new economic activities like textile and steel manufacturing (Murphey, 287). As Dr. Wang stated in the week 4 lecture, the European industries had a high demand for Chinese resources, which led to opium trade in China; this harmed the health, economy, and image of China. In the subsequent Opium War, a small British force destroyed the Chinese navy (Murphey, 304). The resulting Treaty of Nanjing was a significant loss to China, and a major success for British imperialism. As Dr. Wang stated in lecture, the treaty transferred control of Hong Kong to Britain, modified the trading system, and prevented China from making allies.
Open Door Policy in Asia In 1890, Secretary of State, Hay offered the European powerful nations the ‘Open Door’ note to assert the U.S. had the right to equal trade in China. In 1900, the U.S. joined European powerful nations to cope with the Chinese Boxer’s attack on foreign embassies in Peking. At that time, dollar diplomacy which was published by U.S. press to counter Japanese power in Asia emerged to support the nationalists and enter a rivalry with Japan. At that time, China underwent the Chinese Revolution causing overthrowing the Manchu Dynasty. Woodrow Wilson and Mexico In opposition to dollar diplomacy as a bullying tactic and unfairly supporting American businesses, Wilson argued U.S. foreign policy should obey democratic principles.
Political Impacts of Fake Food Industries Fake food industries politically undermine Chinese government both locally and internationally. In China, the credibility of the government is shrinking and brings difficulty in governance. Globally, the worldwide consumers lose confidence in food products from China and tarnishes China’s image. Loss of Government’s Credibility In the recent years, there is an increase in fake food scandals in China, jeopardizing public health, and thus impairing the credibility of the government. Despite the government effort in law and regulation establishment, fake food scandals are frequently revealed and widespread through media.