Oppositional Defiant Disorder Research Paper

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Oppositional Defiant Disorder Jose Alarcon Professor Bernola Prince George’s Community College Oppositional Defiant Disorder Based on the criteria suggested by the American Psychiatric Association (2000), ODD is a diagnosis that is defined by a pattern of negative, hostile, and defiant behaviors occurring over at least a six month period of time. According to DSM-5, the feature of oppositional defiant disorder is frequent and persistent. of an angry and irritative mood. (DSM-5, p 141.).The disorder appears to be somewhat more prevalent in males than in females prior to adolescence. Symptoms generally begin before a child is eight years old and there are about 200,000 to 3 million cases each year in the United States. Features…show more content…
It isn’t unusual for people with this disorder to show features of it without negative moods. However, individuals with the disorder who show “the angry/irritable mood symptoms typically show the behavioral features as well,” (DSM-5, p 141). To meet the specific diagnostic criteria for ODD, a person may demonstrate significant impairment in functioning and must meet some of the suggested disruptive symptoms, (APA 200) These symptoms include losing one 's temper, arguing with adults, refusing to comply with adult 's ' requests, annoying others, blaming others for one 's own mistakes, being annoyed easily by others, being angry, and being spiteful and vindictive. This means that a person with ODD can possibly often lose temper, is touchy or easily annoyed by others, and is often angry and resentful. That is the angry mood of ODD, the argumentative behavior of OD may include arguing with adults, defying or refusing to comply, annoy people, or blame others for his or her mistakes. The vindictiveness side, is often spiteful, and has shown that behavior for a minimum of six months. Ethology of the Disorder For this disorder there isn’t a specific etiology or chronological series of events that lead up to being diagnosed with ODD. Symptoms generally begin before a child is eight years old including a irritable and argumentative mood, but there is no clear cause of ODD. It may possibly be from genetics, as in passed down by parents, or their environment. This may include “problems with parenting that may involve a lack of supervision, inconsistent or harsh discipline, or abuse or neglect” (DSM-5, p 143). Criteria for the
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