What is Candida? What is Candida? Candida, or candidiasis, is a fungal yeast infection. Candida can affect both women and men, though it is more common in females. Candida affects the following areas: • Genitals • Throat • Mouth • Blood • Skin Candida actually refers to the type of yeast that causes these infections.
1. Aetiology: Gonorrhoea is a specific disease caused by a Neisseria Gonorrhoeae, a Gram Negative diplococcus which can infect a variety of mucosal surfaces lined by columnar epithelial cells. Those sites mostly affected are the urethra in men, uterine cervix and urethra in women. Rectal infection is common in both in women and men that have sex with men. Gonococcal pharyngitis can occur following oro-genital contact in both sexes, but is found more frequently in men that have sex with men .Although adult gonococcal infections are usually sexually transmitted, vulvo-vaginitis can occur in pre- pubertal girls as a results of contact with fomites.
Signs of this illness are visible vesicles either in the lips or adjacent skin. Symptoms include tingling or itching in the affected area. These vesicles and sores have a fluid that should not be touched since it is highly contagious. In children orolabial herpes is often the first herpes simplex infection. This is a combination of gingivitis (infection in the gums) and stamatits or inflammation in the
Radicular cysts comprise of about 52% to 68% of all cysts affecting the human jaws. 1,4 Non keratinized stratified squamous epithelium 6-20 cell layers thick sometimes even 50 layers thick . The epithelial linings may be proliferating and show arcading Pattern with an intense associated inflammatory process . The inflammatory cell infiltrate in the proliferating epithelial linings is predominantly PMN leukocytes where as the adjacent fibrous capsule is infiltrated mainly by chronic inflammatory cells. Rushton bodies are seen in the epithelial lining characterized by a glassy pink (hyalinised appearance)in approximately 10% of the radicular cysts.
The virus spreads through sexual contact and skin-to-skin contact. HSV-2 is very common and highly contagious, whether or not you have an open sore. C) How common Herpes in our country? Genital herpes is common in our country. In the Philippines, about one out of every six people aged 10 to 60 years above have genital herpes.
A RARE CASE: AN ADVANCED STAGE HEPATOCELLULAR CARCİNOMA PATİENT PRESENTED WİTH MULTİPLE SPLENİC METASTASES SUMMARY: Hepatocellular carcinoma is the most common primary liver tumor and it is one of the most common cause of deaths in patients with cirhosis. İt’s histopathologic diagnosis is difficult because biopsy usually couldn’t perform due to risc of bleeding. Clinicians especially diagnose it with radiologic and clinical parameters of patient. Splenic metastases are rarely conditions. But when its present we should make an examination for finding primary tumor.
Introduction: Helicobacter pylori are a ubiquitous organism that can be seen in 50% of general population. Its association with various gastric disorders are well established in numerous studies after its discovery in 1983. Peptic ulcer disease is the most studied disease related to H Pylori infection. H. pylori are seen in 90% of duodenal ulcer and 75% of gastric ulcer Patients. This bacterium is also involved in the pathogenesis of several extra gastric diseases, such as mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue lymphomas ( Maltomas) gastroesophageal reflux disease ( GERD ) and gastric carcinomas.
This virus is known to be the number one cause of infant diarrhea this virus has been in effect since 1973, and although treatable, Rotavirus attacks mainly young infants and children, due their somewhat weak immune system, therefore many consider the virus deadly and dangerous. Rotavirus is a very contagious virus that causes the stomach and intestines to swell up; adults can also be affected by Rotavirus however the symptoms are not as severe as they are in young children. The symptoms of the virus can take up to two days to show up, they include, watery diarrhea, stomach pain, fever, vomiting, dehydration, and loss of appetite. Due to two of the symptoms being dehydration and diarrhea, many people with Rotavirus must be hospitalized, assuring that the patient receive proper care and fluids their body needs. Since there is no antiviral drug, the patient must drink plenty of liquids and occasionally receive IV fluids as well.
Umbilical hernia The umbilical hernia is abdominal herniation that develops in correspondence with the umbilical scar. The umbilical hernia is typical of children, but it can also affect adults and the elderly. More often, the child's umbilical hernia is the result of a closing defect of the abdominal wall after the fall of the umbilical cord . However, some young patients are affected by this abdominal herniation due to disorders of collagen metabolism and polysaccharides , hypothyroidism congenital, Down syndrome or syndrome Fetal hydantoin ( medication used to treat epilepsy ). In adults, the ' umbilical hernia is caused by an increased pressure intra-abdominal, in turn induced ascites, cirrhosis , pregnancy, extreme efforts or malignancy.
Dental caries is one of the most common and2 multifactorial human diseases that has widely affected vast majority of individuals all over the world3.It is induced by acids developed by the dental plaque adhering to the tooth surface.4 Different circumstance effect dental aspect.Interaction between detrimental and defensive factors are crucial.Microorganisms, sugar, and unhealthy eating habits are disastrous to dental aspect, while saliva, oral hygiene, and the natural resistance of the teeth serve as the defensive equilibrium.1 Bacterial plaque plays the initial role in the pathogenesis of the disease. Dental plaque is a ordinary term for the diverse microbial community (predominantly bacteria) found on the tooth surface, fixed in a matrix of polymers of bacterial and salivary origin. Plaque is an example of a biofilm; current researches are showing that the properties of bacteria associated with a surface in a biofilm.In other words plaque is found at protected and stagnant surfaces, and these are at the greatest threat of disease .3 Diet has a local response on oral health, primarily on the integrity of the teeth,pH, and composition of the saliva and plaque. Nutrition, however, has a systemic response on the integrity of the oral cavity, including teeth, periodontium