The internal environment of the stomach has strong acids and active enzymes that trigger the occurrence of chemical reactions that begin to break down the ingested food. Thereafter, the process of absorption follows, whereas absorption of nutrients occurs in the intestinal tract. The process of absorption is short and is followed by excretion via the cloaca. Similarly, the liver and the pancreas assist in the process of excretion. Additionally, urinary and fecal waste travel through urinary passages and generative canals that connect to the cloaca and are emitted from the cloaca as jelly like, brown droppings.
The general rule of thumb is that the pH (1-5) be low in order for the capsule to dissolve quickly. The speed at which the dose dissolved also depend on its form, and can be either tablet, capsule, powder, or etc. If we use a tablet for example, the manufacturer may add starch in order to make the pill swell when water is added which could speed up the process. On the other hand, some processes may require a slower process, or prolong the effect of the drug. This can be done by strongly compressing the tablet, or using "extended release capsules, which systematically dissolve over a period of time".
Thermo reversible gels mostly prepared from poloxamers are predominantly used. The suitability of poloxamer gel alone or with the addition of hydroxyl propyl methyl cellulose (HPMC), sodium carboxy methyl cellulose (CMC) or dextran was considered for epidural administration of drugs in vitro. The compact gel depot acted as the rate limiting step and significantly extended the dural permeation of drugs in comparison with control solutions. J. M. Barichello et al. evaluated Pluronic F127 gels, which contained either insulin or insulin-PLGA nanoparticles with conclusion, that these formulations could be used as a controlled delivery system. Likewise, poloxamer gels were tested for intramuscular and subcutaneous administration of human growth hormone or with the aim to develop a long acting single dose injection of
Unknown Lab Report Mikee Lianne Gonzales Biol 351- 1005 Holly Martin Unknown: # 76 Abstract This report is about identifying the respective genus of the given unknown organism. The goal is to show and prove the student’s understanding of microbiology and laboratory learned experimental techniques.
Tn 4351 was originally isolated from bacteroides fragilis  . The transposon was successfully introduced into Cytophaga succinicans, Flavobacterium meningosepticum, Flexibacter canadiansis, Flexibacter strain SFI and Sporocytophaga myxococcoides by conjugation . Tn 4351carries two antibiotic resistance gene. One of the codes for resistance to erythromycin and clindamycin which is expressed in bactroides but not in E.Coli. The other gene codes for resistance in tetracycline and is expressed in aerobically grpwn E. coli, but not in anaerobically grpwn E. coli or in bacteroides. The transposon of Tn4351 was originally detected in E. coli which carried an unstable chimeric plasmid, pSS-2. The mobilization of pSS-2 from onestrain of E. coli
Water has a huge impact on human health and should be tested for fecal coliforms to maintain safety for the human population. Lake Byron, one of the water samples used in this experiment, will contain the most fecal coliforms because the surface of the water temperature is constantly rising to be ideal for growth of bacteria. The amount of positive Durham lactose broth tubes helped us to identify the MPN/100 mL of fecal coliforms. Inoculating an EMB plate with a positive coliform helped us suspect the possibility of E. Coli, and we were able to complete an IMViC series to identify the bacteria found in the water sample. Our results indicated that a water sample from USM Creek had the highest number of fecal coliforms, and a swimming pool water
Elijah Brycth B. Jarlos IX-Argon 1. Multicellularity is a condition of an organism to have multicellular cells. An example of a organism who has multicellular cells are plants, animals, and humans. The main reason of why scientists have a hard time finding a good set of existing organisms to compare. Is neither the first set of organisms which is being compared is dying as fast as the second specimen is being examined or they just can’t find the right species.
Unknown Lab Report Unknown # 25 By: Jenna Riordan March 19, 2018 Bio 2843 1. Introduction Microbiology is the study of microorganisms found in all different environments throughout Earth, from the hot thermal vents at the bottom of the ocean to the ice at the top of a mountain.
What To Know About Testing For Leaky Gut Syndrome Leaky gut syndrome, or LGS, causes a wide variety of symptoms such as skin rashes, brain fog, constipation, diarrhea, and food sensitivities. Since these symptoms are also caused by other medical conditions, it is often difficult to pinpoint leaky gut as the cause of your problems. If you suspect you have LGS, talk to your doctor about being tested. He or she may recommend the lactulose/mannitol urine test. Here is some information about how it works.
Lab-experiment immunity and bacteria- How do they react? Research question: How does the bacteria Enterococcus Faecium SF 68 demonstrate resistance against the following antibiotics: Oxacillin, Climdacylin, Penicillin-G, Amikacin, Lincocymin, Erythromycin, Cephazolin, Mezlocillin ? Terminology used: Bacterium: Singular form of bacteria, one single individual. A bacterium an organism that possesses one single cell and is very adaptable to most environments.
Pulmonary Artery Pressure Monitoring This monitors the pressures in the right side of the heart and indirectly measures the left side of the heart. This is the most invasive catheter used in critical care, and routine use of the pulmonary artery (PA) catheter is controversial; it can assess many hemodynamic parameters such as PA systolic and diastolic, pulmonary MAP, pulmonary artery wedge pressure (PAWP), and cardiac output. Cardiac output is used to calculate other parameters such as cardiac index, systemic vascular resistance (SVR), and pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR). PAWP is also known as pulmonary artery occlusive pressure or pulmonary capillary wedge pressure.
On the other handin vivo study is done within the living organism. The aim of preforming this study is to evaluate the effect produced by the drug on the body (pharmacodynamics) as well as the effect of the body on the drug (pharmacokinetics). This study provides more appropriate prospective on the overall effect on the living subjects. We will be reviewing the invivo tests done on nanogels in some published articles.