Orang Asli Literature Review

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CHAPTER II LITERITURE REVIEW 2.1 Introduction Housing provision by the government has cause a regroupment of Orang Asli community in Lenga. This voluntary regroupment is expected to increase the quality of life of Orang Asli community in every aspect. Hence, this study focuses on the socio-economic development of the community that affected by the regroupment scheme. This chapter will discuss about terms of important keyword that related to this study. Started with introducing the definition of socio-economic followed by the definition of Orang Asli community as well as Orang Asli Development Plan which will enhance the understanding for this research. It will also discuss the introduction of Orang Asli regroupment scheme and other…show more content…
2.5 Orang Asli Community Orang Asli terminology exist as ethnic category of the nation’s only after 1960 (Suki Mee,2007). Orang Asli community referred to as hunters and gathers have been recognised by the modern world in many different ways. According to Prof. Hasan Mat Nor (1996), before that there are many terms being used by anthropologists for Orang Asli as 'Orang Darat ', 'Orang Laut ' , 'Bersisi ', 'Mantra ' and 'Orang Mawas’. 2.5.1 Definition of Orang Asli Under Section 3 of the Orang Asli 1954 Act (Act 134), Orang Asli defined as follows: i. any person whose male parent is or was, a member of an aboriginal ethnic group, who speaks an aboriginal language and habitually follows an aboriginal way of life and aboriginal customs and beliefs, and includes a descendant thought males of such persons; ii. any person of any race adopted when an infant by aborigines who has been brought up as an aborigine, habitually speaks an aboriginal language, habitually follows an aboriginal way of life and aboriginal customs and beliefs and is a member of an aboriginal community; or iii. the child of any union between an aboriginal female and a male of another race, provided that the child habitually speaks an aboriginal language, habitually follows an aboriginal way of life and aboriginal customs and beliefs and remains a member of an

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