On the other hand, proponents defend their arguments by saying that it is the patient’s right to avoid excruciating pain and embrace a timely death. Euthanasia comes from the Greek words, Eu (Good) and Thanatosis (death) and it means ‘Good Death’. In ancient Greece, philosophers supported euthanasia, and the physicians made it easy for patients who suffered unbearable pain and had incurable, terminal diseases to suicide by giving them poisoned drinks. However, Hippocrates objected to this method and stated
While pointing out that it is much easier to ignore an appeal for money to help those you’ll never meet than to consign a child to death, Singer uses his utilitarian philosophy to deflect the argument, stating that “if the upshot of the American’s failure to donate the money is that one more kid dies… then it is, in some sense, just as bad as selling the kid to the organ peddlers.” This argument, however, can only be made while using false dilemmas. Singer also addresses a large criticism of his work, that one can’t decide moral issues by taking opinion polls. The argument to this reiterates how the audience would feel being in these situations. This argument is poor as it does not address how the entire article is based on how everyone feels about this particular subject. The point is never satisfactorily addressed elsewhere, making the counterargument
In the illegal trade of kidney’s, no one has the interests of the seller. Most of the money goes to the doctor for performing an illegal surgery and the middle man who automatically gets 10%. If the sales of organs were legal, it could be regulated and monitored by the government and other organizations. She then refers to the prohibition act when “desperatly wanted goods” were illegal and how it would be affected if corruption and exploitation of those goods were
Yet, with all the success immunizations have had on improved health conditions they continue to be a controversial issue as many Americans still refuse them. State-mandated policies require certain childhood immunization to be completed prior to entry into school. Ethical debate has occurred over whether states have this right to mandate these vaccinations or if families should have the freedom to choose based on religious and philosophical conflicts in beliefs. Though regulations regarding vaccinations may violate one 's autonomy, the government believes they are just in requiring them in order to protect the greatest number of people (History of Vaccines, 2018). In recent years the rate of refusal has been on the rise so this paper will discuss the pros and cons of mandated vaccinations as well as related ethical issues.
The lack of regulations among animals made people wonder if the same could be done to them. Already within the medical practice, human experimentation on patients was a way for doctors to do cheap research to better the community or to make discoveries to make themselves famous. As was true for Henrietta Lacks, doctors did not always seek patient consent for the procedures that the medical facility was performing on them. During one of her procedures, a nurse took an additional cell sample from her cervix that was not needed to be removed (Skloot 33). Due to this disrespect of the person's being, the procedures often got taken too far, mentally and physically.
Individuals could argue that organ donation may contravene some religious teachings and thus pose a detrimental threat, however, all of the world’s major religions view organ donation as either an act of charity or a decision to be determined by the individual or family (“Religion and Organ Donation”). Religion is one factor that has repeatedly shown up in research and it has been noted that “some research has shown that Catholics are less likely to donate than other religious groups.” (Wen 12). This may be due to a belief in the afterlife and the perceived importance of body integrity (Wen 12). Even as all of the major religious teachings condone organ donation, many individuals are still continually hesitant towards the donation of their
Many pro-euthanasia believers will use the autonomy argument and debate the opinion that patients should have the right to choose when and how to they want to die. In an article in the Houston Chronicle, Judge Reinhardt ruled on this topic by stating “a competent, terminally-ill adult, having lived nearly the full measure of his life, has a strong liberty interest in choosing a dignified and humane death… (De La Torre).” However, dignity cannot be measured by the level of pain or the speed in which the individual dies, because it is already a characteristic of a person’s worth as a human being (Middleton). Allowing a patient to live their life to the fullest until the very end is surely a more humane and dignified death then cutting that life short in fear of what it is coming through the practice of euthanasia. While death for these patients can be a sad ending, it does not have to condemn a person to a remaining life of sadness and negativity. In an article for Verily Magazine, Sophie Caldecott described her terminally ill father’s painful yet beautiful last years of
Some believe that the removal of a fetus is murder, but scientifically that is not true. Many members of the medical community would argue that “[t]here is a difference between killing or destroying something and preventing something from coming into existence… Abortion is inherently different from other procedures because no other procedure involves the purposeful termination of potential life.” There is a difference between the destruction of an already living human being, and the termination of potential life. In one case, the mother’s life can be ruined or made much more complex, or take away from some aspects of their life. But, with a fetus, it hasn’t been able to go and start a life. The fetus hasn’t begun living outside of the womb, and while it may have potential for some sort of success, that can be true about many things.
Many people say no to organ donation because of the myths they hear. One common myth is that if you are an organ donor, the hospital staff won’t work as hard to save you when you’re sick. This is not true as this quote states, “When you go to the hospital for treatment,
This the poses a question, how come hospitals do not actively encourage doctors to discuss their worries with each other? The House of God is a work of fiction, but hospitals not encouraging discussion about doctor shortcomings is common in writings about doctor suicides. As mentioned in both Dr. Pamela Wible’s What I’ve Learned from my Tally of 757 Doctor Suicides on the Washington Post, and Dr. Pranay Sinha’s Why Do Doctors Commit Suicide on the New York Times, the ability for doctors to have a safe environment to talk about their feelings with peers is highly valuable. It can cause a doctor feel like he or she is not alone in the tug-of-war with