Organic agriculture has been developed as an alternative form of farming compatible with natural systems, and the concept of organic farming is based on a holistic viewpoint (Kortbech- Olesen, 1998) . Organic agriculture is different from other techniques of farming, such as conventional agriculture which is an industrialized system using chemical synthetic substances for fertilizers and insecticide to maximize the volume of production and profit (Guido et al 2010) . Vindigni et al (2002) argue that ‘organic’ often refers to a claim associated with the process, not a claim associated with the product. According to IFOAM (2009b) , organic agriculture is a production system that sustains the health of soils, ecosystems and people. It relies on ecological processes, biodiversity and cycles adapted to local conditions, rather than the use of inputs with adverse effects.
Organic farming is done in a way where - organic food production eliminates soil and water from contaminating. Since organic food production strictly avoids the use of all synthetic chemicals which are artificial and not of a natural origin, it does not pose any risk of soil and underground water contamination like inorganic farming which uses tons of artificial fertilizers and pesticides. By avoiding toxic chemicals organic food production helps preserve natural wildlife which later on helps preserve consumption of toxic chemicals and affecting the eco system in a negative and unhealthy way. Organic forming and agriculture use fewer chemicals and other inputs which are considered better for the environment. Avoidance of chemicals and use of alternative, all natural farming methods have been shown to help conserve biodiversity as it encourages a natural balance within the ecosystem.
Many farmers are turning to organic or ‘low-input” farming for economic survival. Organic farmers are less vulnerable than conventional farmers to natural and/or economic risks as their farming systems are more diversified. Future trends in commodity prices, new regulations and research will probably favour organic farmers. On a national scale organic farming could reduce commodity prices, reduce depletion of fossil fuels, improve wild and water life and ensure productivity of the land for future generations. Research into the cost of running organic and non-organic farming was conducted with the conclusion that the cost of running an organic farm were higher than those of a non-organic farm.
Organic farming system protects and sustains the environment because of its diverse practices that include: crop rotation, water management practices such as water conservation, agroforestry, green manure, the use of compost manure, the use of minimum tillage to control water erosion, the use of biological control of pest and diseases and the use of improve nutrient from the environment (Beddington et al 2012). Organic agriculture feeds the soil rather than the crop, the decomposition of organic waste materials from both plant and animal provide nutrient for the soil that is taken up by flora and fauna and this, in turn, increases nutrient availability to both the soil and plant. (FAO, 2010). Organic farming is a sustainable agricultural system that aims to make the best use of the environment both its goods and services and not damaging its assets like the natural environment, social and human capital by doing an integrated organic farming system which can be the answer to a sustainable
In organic foods, there isn’t a big difference, if any, in quality compared to conventionally grown foods. The prices of certain organics aren’t justified for just a small difference in quality. “ ‘I don’t think there’s a big enough difference in quality to justify the prices’...
Although organic regulations differ by country, different countries have different regulations regarding organic food, but organic food must be grown without the use of toxic and persistent pesticides (Robinson, Segal, & Segal, 2017). Organic foods are grown with natural fertilizers, and they have many advantages; organic farming always helps to make the environment better, and organic food is always fresh (Robinson et al.,2017). In the interest of good health, quality and sustainability, farmers prefer to work hard to meet the standards of organic food. When somebody chooses the organic food, they are helping the food producer or farmer as well (Wholefoods Market, n.d.). In addition, the number of people who prefer to eat organic food is increasing and demand for organic food is probably going to be large in future as well.
The world has decided to go organic! Have you? There is no doubt about the fact that the organic industry is booming. According to the Hartman Group, a market research firm ‘About 70 percent of Americans buy organic food occasionally and nearly one quarter buy it every week. For most of us, the reason is simple: We want natural food that 's better for us and for the environment.’ The rise in sales of organic foods in the last two decades has been $3.6 billion in 1997 to $21.1 billion in 2007, in 2012 $28.4 billion and approaching $35 billion in 2014.
There is one difference in the making of organic food; that is, the chemicals etc. being used in the traditional foods, but not in organics, but then those chemicals used in the traditional foods are said to be safe for human health. People are beginning to realize as the demand for food has increased with the population growth, so has the use of chemicals fertilizers antibiotics and hormones by farmers and livestock growers. The consumption of produce and meat, grown with the use of these means has led to the increase more diseases and cancers. People are beginning to believe that the only way to have a healthy
So in turn, “organic farming is a farming system that avoids the use of artificial fertilizers, pesticides or herbicides and uses organic manure抯 and organic methods of crop rotation” . As explained, organic farming relies on natural matter and techniques to create crops. In written form, organic farming is easy to understand, but the actual implementation of it is not so easy. This type of cultivation benefits the land but it takes time to see the results of its work on the environment because non-organic farming has damaged it severely. The use of pesticides on the land effects the ability of top soil reproduction of soil organic carbon (SOC).
Not all but some food are really bad for our health which, could lead to various serious health issues. The reason to this, is that every food is processed in a completely differently way. Some foods are processed/made with more chemicals than others, the more chemicals it has it is more bad for us. That’s why these days most people look up to Organic Foods, which are supposed to be healthier than the other foods. Yes, yes they are healthier but that does not mean that Organic Food has no disadvantages.