Organizational Politics In Pakistan

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1. INTRODUCTION
1.1. RESEARCH BACKGROUND
Politics is generally defined as activities that would affect or hinder the activities of counterparties.Dubrin (2001) defined Organizational politics as informal approaches to gaining power through means other than merit or luck. According to Bodla, M. et al., (2011), organizational politics is one of the most common features present in organization which mainly emerges from power, authority and individual preferences and influences. He further states that organizational politics derives the attitudes and behavior of employees which is highly dependable upon the perception perceived through politicked environment. Research on organizational politics reveals that nature of task, independence to work
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PROBLEM STATEMENT
As discussed above, employees tend to get involved in organizational politics for different reasons. Such politics can result in significant negative repercussion at both individual and organizational level. Many researchershave shown that organizational politics have a negative relation with job attitudes of employees and with organizational performance. (e.g., Ferris et al., 1996a, 1996b; Drory, 1993; Viogda, 2000).
Pakistan is also one country suffering from this problem. Hence, in order to combat this negative consequence of politics, there is a need to conduct study on how organizational politics impacts employees and their job satisfaction in Pakistan. Therefore, our study is designed to determine the impact of organizational politics on job satisfaction of employees.
Moreover, this issue, existing at both individual and organizational level, plays a very critical role in smooth functioning of the organization. Thus, management of every organization should take special care of politics as they can drive the organization towards its goal or away from its
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However, the broader objective of this study is to enhance our knowledge through the findings of this study.
To determine the impact of organizational politics on job satisfaction of employees (main objective)
1. To ascertainjobsatisfaction of managerial level employees as an effect of politics using likert scale.(sub objective)
2. To determine job satisfaction of executive (non-managerial) level employees as an effect of politics using likert scale.(sub objective)
1.5. JUSTIFICATIONS OF THE STUDY
The research, as discussed above, talks about the organizational politics because of different reasons. Therefore, these reasons needs to be identified so to minimize the negative consequence of politics as they can hinder ones effectiveness in the organization that may result to change in job attitudes which might lead to increase in job turnover ratio etc. So, we need to study the impact of organizational politics on job attitudes specificallyJob

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