Nagaland Essay

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The state of Nagaland covers an area of about 16,579 sq.kms lying between 25.6 degree and 27.4 degree north of equator and between 93.20 degree and 95.13 degree east. It is bounded on the west by the planes of Assam, on the north by Arunachal Pradesh, on the south by Manipur and on the east the state has an international frontier with Myanmar (Burma). The Nagas have folklore and legends regarding their origin like other tribal inhabitant of the North-East India. Nagaland has a total population of 19, 80,602, comprising of 10, 25,707 males and 9, 54,895 females. On 1st December 1963, Nagaland was formally became the state of Indian and Kohima as its capital (Sajnani, 2001:253). In Nagaland there are 11 districts, 19 statutory towns and 1428…show more content…
There are 16 major tribes as recognized by the Government of Nagaland and they are Angami, Ao, Chakhesang, Chang, Khaimniungan, Kachari, Konyak, Kuki, Lotha, Rengma, Sangtam, Sema, Pochury, Phoms, Yimchunger, Zeliangrong and other sub-tribes. Each tribe has its own unique traditions, customs, laws, polity, folk tales, attires, and language. In some areas dialects vary from village to village. The generic label Naga includes a number of ethnic groups, speaking of variety of Tibeto Burman languages. Nagamese is an Assamese based pidgin with loan words mostly from Hindi, Bengali and English. It first developed as a market language for transaction between Naga and Assamese people and is nowadays spoken as the lingua franca in the area inhabited by the Naga (Boruah, 1993). English is the official language of the…show more content…
Among the Angami, there exist the community dual organizations or moiety system. Among the western Angami the moieties are called pegima and pepfuma and southern Angami moieties are tepa and thevo. Ritually, the tepa moiety enjoys superior status, but this does not involve any economic or political right and privileges. The Angami perform several lifecycle rituals. The lineage or clan elders Kemovo (priest) play dominant role in performing ritual. Kemovo or the village priest is selected from the tepa moiety. Among the southern Angami, intra-clan and inter-clan marriages involve different types of rituals and

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