This mouthwash also has the same cleansing and breath freshening benefits of other mouthwashes. Another benefit of using Whitening Mouthwash is that, it contains little or no Fluoride chemicals which are one of the things that actually causes tooth stains. Fluoride chemicals can be found in toothpastes and tap water and is highly recommended that you stay away from tap water and drink purified or spring instead. As for toothpaste you can use natural toothpaste which is are herbs that will keep your mouth clean, fresh and minty and at the same time whitening your teeth. It really is beneficial to use natural toothpastes over fluoridated
The current study was conducted to investigate the biological effect of commercial orthodontic mini-screw implants on the oral investing tissue. In accordance, a total sample of … orthodontic patients (… females,… males), had been selected at random from a group of total … orthodontic patients, using a random table method. Calculation of sample size was based on determination of the power of statistics of the study. The sample was selected from patients seeking orthodontic treatment in the Outpatient Clinic, Orthodontic Department, Faculty of Dental Medicine (Boys), Al-Azhar University, Cairo. Inclusion criteria: The patients were included in this study if they have the following: 1- All cases indicated for bilateral extraction of maxillary
Volatile anesthetics can alter the dopaminergic balance in the brain, but whether they exacerbate PD is unknown. Propofol produces both dyskinesias and ablation of resting tremor, suggesting that it has both excitatory and inhibitory effects in this patient population. But both volatile agents as well as propofol has been successfully to sedate patients with PD during deep brain stimulation surgery. Dexmeditomidine appears to be safe and when used in deep brain stimulation surgery has advantage of not interfering with motor symptoms. Ketamine should be used with caution because of potential interaction between levodopa and ketamine’s sympathomimetic activity.
However, perception is reality and the patient’s self-report of pain is what should be used to determine pain intensity. (Berman & Synder). Major barriers to better pain control for nurses and patients relate to inadequate reporting and assessment of pain. Many clients will not voice their pain unless asked about it, therefore the nurse must initiate the assessment. By taking a pain history the nurse can attempt to understand how the pain is affecting the patient and how they are coping with it.
However there has been a considerable debate as to whether its analgesic effects are primary or simply opioid sparing. In comparison with hypnotic agents such as propofol or postoperative opioids used alone, Dexmedetomidine significantly decreases opioid requirement (68)(69). Dexmedetomidine may also provide antinociception through nonspinal mechanisms- intraarticular administration during knee surgery improves postoperative analgesia, with less sedation than IV route(70). Suggested mechanisms are activation off alpha-2A receptors, inhibition of the conductive of nerve signals through C & Aδ fibres and the local release of
They think that the foam should contain super-active microparticles to protect teeth and gums and freshness of the taste it leaves in your mouth is the ultimate proof of its effectiveness. For patients, it is unthinkable to do without toothpaste. That is why they seek the advice of a professional to find out
For the prevention of this occurrence proper denture hygiene is required. It can be done with mechanical methods like brushing or chemical methods by denture cleanser. Brushing is probably not advisable because it can damage the resilient lining. 4 The immersion with chemical agents is primarily the preferred method for geriatric patients and for patients with poor neuromuscular in co-ordination.6 The chemical solutions used for denture cleansing can be divided based on their chemical components such as alkaline peroxide solutions; hypochlorite solutions, acidic solutions, disinfectants, and enzymatic solution that are more effective in preventing microbial invasion and plaque accumulation
The management strategy for pain costs and burdens the postoperative care, as there is a lack of knowledge and resources for treating pain (Harsoor, 2011). It has known to be associated with poor wound healing and demoralization of the patient, leading to slow recovery and increased care costs (Woldehaimanot, Eshetie, & Kerie, 2014). There are several guidelines that can suggest management of acute postoperative pain; such as education of the
Some silane coupling agents that had carboxylic acid offered sufficient bond strengths even without HF acid etching, and other silanes were doing well after phosphoric acid etching (40). Two types of silanes available which are hydrolyzed and unhydrolyzed silanes. Most frequently hydrolyzed silanes are one-bottle systems with a short shelf life; if the bottle’s contents are used after the expiry date, it can be unfavorable to the bond (44). Inactive or unhydrolyzed silanes are two-bottle systems that the dental clinician mixes before application to ensure a fresh and active silane with a longer shelf life than that of hydrolyzed silanes (44,45). Cementation is a crucial step in the procedure of ensuring the retention, marginal seal, and durability of indirect restorations (46).