Olo Accords Case Study

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Pre-requisites for the Oslo Accords. The Madrid Conference of 1991 which was carried out from 30th October to 1st November 1991 in Madrid, Spain, attempted to revive the Israeli–Palestinian peace process through negotiations, involving Israel and the Palestinians as well as Arab countries, including Jordan, Lebanon and Syria. The conference in Madrid established two directions for the peace talks: an Israeli-Arab track and an Israeli Palestinian track. However these talks were insufficient since the PLO was excluded from participation. The new course in foreign policy of Israel paved the way for further negotiations which took place in Oslo in 1993. Three public figures contributed into the change in Israeli politics: Yitzhak Rabin, Shimon Peres and Yossi Beilin. Peres and Beilin were able to overcome skepticism of Rabin what opened a new page in the Middle East peace process. Before Oslo Accords, Israel was rejecting any possibilities of direct communication with the PLO.
Oslo I. The Oslo Peace Process, which began in 1993, was designed as confidence-building measures to create trust between Israelis and Palestinians and bring peace to the region. It was a turning point in the conflict, where Israel and the PLO negotiated to come to a mutual agreement.
The secret negotiations which
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In his letter to Rabin, Arafat confirmed the PLO’s recognition of Israel’s right to live in peace and security. He also expressed his commitment to renouncing the use of terrorism and changing those parts of the Palestinian National Charter which were inconsistent with these statements. In his reply to Arafat, Rabin confirmed that on the background of these commitments, the Government of Israel decided to recognize the PLO as the representative of Palestinian people and commence negotiations with the PLO within the Middle East peace

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