In this egg drop project, a container was built to house one egg and was then dropped at various heights. The purpose of this lab was to find how impact time affected the force with which an object, the egg container, hits another surface as the momentum moves to zero. Our hypothesis states that if the impact time is stretched longer then the force exerted on the egg would decrease, making the egg less likely to break. The independent variables for the egg drop project was the height at each drop; the dependent variables were impact time and survival of the egg. The controls were mass, design of the container, and the egg. The container was built to decrease the impact of the force at each drop. The container was able to successfully protect
After performing the Brine Shrimp Inquiry lab my group found that .5% salinity of 50 mL of water was the ideal salinity for hatching brine shrimp. To figure out what salinity was ideal we tested three different levels of salinity. The first thing we did when we began the lab was choose three different salinities to test. My group choose .5%, 3%, and 5%, next we choose the amount of water that would be in each dish; we decided on 50 mL of water. We then calculated the amount of salt to put in each dish. To do this we created proportions. We calculated that we need to put .25 mL of salt in 50 mL of water to create .5% salinity, 1.5 mL of salt in 50 mL of water to create 3% salinity, and 2.5 mL of salt
In this lab we used two processes called Diffusion and Osmosis. Diffusion is the movement of molecules from areas of high concentration to areas of low concentration. Diffusion is a process that requires no energy and involves smaller non-polar molecules. In Figure 1 you can see the molecules spreading throughout the glass from the area of high concentration, so that the areas with low concentration are filled evenly as well. The other process was osmosis. Osmosis is the diffusion of water through a membrane from an area of high contraction to an area of low concentration. Osmosis happens in three different environments. Osmosis is like diffusion in it requiring no energy.
Based on the data and the recorded observations, my hypothesis is correct. When a solution is hypotonic, this causes the cell to swell, because there are more water molecules on the inside of the cell. If positive feedback continues, the cell will eventually burst. When a solution is hypertonic, this causes the cell to shrink, because there are more water molecules on the outside of the cell. Over time, the cell will start to function poorly (“Difference between Hypertonic, Hypotonic, Isotonic Solutions”). Therefore, the cell needs to maintain its internal environment through osmosis. In a hypotonic solution, osmosis allows water molecules to move from the inside of the cell to the outside, so as to keep the concentrations balanced. In a hypertonic
The cell membrane act as a roadblock for cells. The cell membrane has a very hectic job. It restricts the access to what comes in and what goes out. The bond the membrane shares with others is the idea of accountability. The cell membrane regulates the deoxyribonucleic acid, enzymes, and it builds a pathways for any reaction such as metabolic. When waste products are present the cell membrane gets rid of it and the cell membrane allows important things inside . A great example of what the cell membrane allows in or out is water and oxygen. Specific molecules are only made to enter the cell which is also called semipermeable. Molecules can be passed by active transport or either passive transport. Active transport is when passage of materials using energy. Passive transport is the passage of materials using kinetic energy.
In this lab I will be exploring how temperature impacts the rate of osmosis by placing pieces of potato of equal size in solutions of different temperatures and observing the change in mass of potato after a given period of time. The change in mass will indicate the rate of osmosis.
This experiment is an attempt to investigate the amount of water potential across root storage plant species. The root storage plant species that shall be used are the carrot and the potato and the method that shall be used is known as Chardakov’s method. Water potential is the tendency of water to enter or leave a cell. Water moves from an area or region of low water potential to an area of high water potential. It is important to note that the highest water potential is 0(the water potential of pure water) and the other water potential values are in negative numbers .
When you put an egg in vinegar, we see that the shell dissolves, but do you ever wonder why? An egg is made mostly out of calcium carbonate which reacts with an ingredient in vinegar, acetic acid. Acetic acid is about 4% of the vinegar and what breaks apart the solid calcium carbonate crystals. The bubbles we see, from the egg, is the carbonate that make carbon dioxide and the other calcium ions float free. This is the equation:
Cell membranes are the semi-permeable membrane that surrounds all cells. It separates the extracellular environment from the intercellular environment. It is a phospholipid bilayer which contains various proteins, lipids and carbohydrates all serving different purposes. It is this structure which allows for the transport of nutrients, proteins and water. (Nature.com, 2014). Through extensive testing it has been found that small alcohols, specifically ethanol can increase the fluidity and membrane permeability of the phospholipid bilayer (Patra et al, 2005). The aim of the experiment was to test what effect that ethanol solution would have on the membrane
The goal of the first project is to determine the ideal soil salt for potato roots and we can relate this to the project is to find out if Solution A or Solution B has more solute in it. The goal of this project is to determine the meaning of Osmosis. Osmosis is the movement of water across the membrane in response to the concentration gradients. Tonicity is the state of tissue tone or tension that is in the body fluid physiology that is effective osmotic pressure equivalent. The general principal of the experiment and how the weight is changed is related to osmosis because the weight gain or weight loss that is involved in the experiment is the movement that can contain
The term fermentation refers to the chemical breakdown of a substance by bacteria, yeasts, or other microorganisms, typically involving effervescence and the giving off of heat (wikipedia). Sugars are converted to ethyl alcohol when fermentation happens. In this experiment we determined if yeast cells undergo fermentation when placed in a closed flask with no oxygen. Glucose and yeast are mixed together in a closed flask and allowed to incubate for about one hour. Then, tests are performed to determine if the products of aerobic and anaerobic respiration are present in the flasks.The citric acid cycle consists of a series of chemical reactions used by all aerobic organisms to release stored energy through the oxidation of acetyl-CoA derived from carbohydrates, fats, and proteins into carbon dioxide and chemical energy in the form of ATP (Biology). The tests detect the presence of carbon dioxide and ethanol. Carbon dioxide should be present irrespective of the type of respiration taking place, but ethanol is present only if fermentation has occurred. Another factor that can indicate whether fermentation occurred or cellular respiration occurred is the amount of glucose utilized during incubation.Fermentation uses more glucose because the process of fermentation is much less efficient than cellular respiration in terms of energy production per molecule of glucose used. The open flask (control) and the closed
It justifies the idea that increasing the concentration of sucrose does in fact speed up the rate of osmosis, an therefore increase the mass of the Visking tube. This happens due to the water molecules moving from a high water concentration to a low water concentration. Another reason why this hypothesis is correct is because sucrose particles are too large to go through the membrane therefore the sucrose does not diffuse into the water. According to the mean graph there is a clear outline that indicates constant acceleration, which justifies that the increase of the independent variable affects the dependent