II know what a witch is”-Martha Corey “If you know not what a witch is , how do you know you are not one”-Judge Hawthorne Martha was trying to prove her innocence to Judge Hawthorne in the court but then Hawthorne flipped her word around and made her look more guilty than she already is. Mary Warren states “What'll we do? The village is out... the whole country's talkin' witchcraft! They'll be callin' us witches, Abby…, we've got to tell.
You drank a charm to kill John Proctor’s wife! You drank a charm to kill Goody Proctor” (Miller 19), the reader can clearly determine that Abigail will take any measure to accomplish her selfish goals. This is as Abigail is trying to intimidate the other girls into not saying anything. “She is the consummate seductress; the witchcraft hysteria in the play originates in her carnal lust for Proctor” (Schissel 3). Abigail is the core of “The Crucible”, everything originates in her desire for Proctor, and the way she achieves her goals.
Power in our society nowadays is very misgiven and abused. When people have power they tend to use it for their own benefit and to manipulate people into believing them. In the play, The Crucible, Arthur Miller dramatizes the Salem witch trials of 1692 in order to show his audience how easy it was to be accused and hung for witchcraft. In the Crucible a group of young girls were caught dancing in the woods and in order to not receive a punishment they lied saying they got witched. The girls blamed many people of the town of being witches and caused conflict all over the village.
Post hoc ergo propter hoc fallacy is the belief that “After this, therefore because of this.” This means that since A happened, and then B happened, that A causes B. "Abigail Williams, sir... without a word nor warnin she falls to the floor... stuck two inches in the flesh of her belly, he draw a needle out.... 'Tis hard proof! I find here a poppet Goody Proctor keeps... And in the belley of the poppet a needle's stuck." (Act II, p 71), in this quote, the post hoc fallacy functions to show how people can make brash accusations from false coincidences.
Back in 1692, witchcraft was a very popular topic of conversation. Witchcraft became so bad in a town by the name of Salem. The Salem Witch Trials became very popular and lead many people to their death. Girls were caught dancing in the woods and was accused of doing witchcraft. By the end, everyone was accused of witchcraft and many people were executed.
In the fervor of the witch trials, Abigail is put on a pedestal by the people of Salem and treated as though she has a direct connection with the Divine. Through cold calculation, Abigail carefully selects the people that she accuses in order to establish her credibility. Thus, she first accuses the town’s social deviants, as she knows the court is already predisposed to convict them. Soon a mere accusation from her becomes enough reason to convict even important, influential people. Abigail uses the witch hysteria that consumes Salem to secure herself from accusation, and gain control of the trials by accusing respectable people, before moving on to Elizabeth, and then in her desperation, she manipulates Mary Warren into eventually accusing John.
The judge in the novel states that adultery is a serious crime with serious punishments and tries to get John Proctor's wife to admit he committed adultery by asking why she dismissed Abigail from her service. John admits to the crime of adultery to try to prove that Abigail is a liar, and all those people she accused of witchcraft are actually innocent. The judge asks John's wife if he is an adulterer, but she says he is not to protect him because she does not know he has confessed. Even before the Salem witch trials officially started, John told Abigail that he does not love her and that they can not see each other ever again, she still tries to prove to him that he loves her, and she loves him. Abigail also repeatedly tempts John to sleep with her even though he is still married.
In “The Crucible” by Arthur Miller, a group of girls were found dancing in the forest. Betty, the minister’s daughter, becomes sick and they believe she is possessed. Abigail, the minister’s niece, is questioned but blames it all on Tituba. Tituba confesses to have signed a deal with the devil and is seen as saved by God so then Abigail confesses to also be saved and not hung. Abigail blames different people