Kaitlin Schmitt 1/4/18 Hour 1 Mr. Stock J. Robert Oppenheimer Julius Robert Oppenheimer was a very successful man in his lifetime. He was known as the father of the atomic bomb and is very important in history. Robert Oppenheimer stood out in his childhood, had many adults accomplishments, and had many major events later in his life.
Lise Meitner is one of the most revolutionary women in science. She was a physicist and was most well known for being one of the first to discover nuclear fission. Her discoveries led to atomic weapons, which later helped the United States during World War II. Her research made her one of the most important women in the field of nuclear physics. However, she was not given proper recognition for her ground-breaking discovery at the time.
In 1939, the scientific community, specifically German physicists had learned the secrets of splitting a uranium atom (The Manhattan Project” 2015). America realized that Adolf Hitler’s Germany obtained a massive amount of scientific talent. With their access had necessary raw materials and knowledge of the splitting of the uranium atom, they had the industrial capacity to produce an atomic bomb(“Manhattan Project”2014). The atomic bomb would eventually become the turning point of weaponry during World War II. On October 11, 1939, President Franklin D. Roosevelt received a letter from Albert Einstein about the splitting of the uranium atom which could be beneficial in developing weapons for America during World War II.
These were Atomic physicists (OI ). For example, Robert Boyle suggested that the smallest chemical elements were the simplest forms of matter (Doc. 1). Also, ancient, greek philosophers Leucippus and Democritus were the first to discover atoms. Many others were devoted to the study of atoms, and gave many ideas of what atoms were. Also, due to the study of atoms, a scientist named Henri Becquerel stumbled upon radioactivity.
Science has changed our perspective of the world in many different ways throughout many different time periods. Medicine has advanced so much throughout the past decades. Joseph Lister in the late 1800s introduced new aseptic methods. His introduction of sterile medicine has saved many lives and lessened the chance of patients getting an infection called ward fever.
At thirty-five years of age, Nicholas has been pursuing the discipline of nuclear physics aiming to make an advancement in the field. However, through various circumstances, he abandoned his pursuit; currently, he is a professor in the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering at the University of Wisconsin-Madison. Although being a professor was not his preliminary ambition
In 1938, German chemists discovered fission (how to split a uranium atom.) This discovery changed the world forever. A man named Leo Szilard knew that this discovery could power an incredibly powerful bomb. He got the idea from a science fiction book he loved that was written in 1914 by H.G. Wells called, “The World Set Free”, which talked about an atomic bomb. Leo Szilard left for America in 1939 to warn the United States that the Germans were in the lead for creating a bomb more powerful than any the world had ever seen.
Perhaps the most famous equation ever produced by the renowned theoretical physicist Albert Einstein was his theory of special relativity, written as E=mc2. This sequence of letters and numbers is, for the most part, common knowledge. But how many people actually know what E=mc2 means, or how it has shaped our understanding of the universe? What has he done for the ever-expanding field of science? More importantly, how did his discoveries affect world history? Einstein not only changed the way we view the universe, but his discoveries eventually lead to the creation of the atomic bomb, which was a drastic game changer for the U.S. in World War II and the effects of which are still prevalent today.
July 16, 1939, Einstein 's letter. But, before his letter, President Truman 's decided to drop an atomic bomb that shook the world. The historians are conversing the use of the bomb on live population. With a few doubts, the United states developed a weapon before the war has even begun. This would not have happened if it wasn’t for a Hungarian physicist named Leo Szilard and Albert Einstein.
German scientists like Albert Einstein, Neils Bohr, and Ernest Rutherford were the first to aid in splitting the uranium atom that was necessary in creating the atomic bomb. These scientist were Jews, therefore during the Holocaust, they had to flee from Germany to America. The American scientists, many of whom came from fascist regimes in Europe, organized a project to exploit the new fission process for military purposes. This took place in 1939 when a conference between Enrico Fermi and the Navy Department was arranged. By the summer of 1939, Albert Einstein presented to Pres.
On a side note because of the Nazi’s him and his family left Germany and he took his business with him . Biography.com also says that “Miep and Otto had some sort of connection because of Geman and Dutch .” MIep was told to go back to Vienna because the Nazi’s had invaded the Netherlands . Mieps uncle had a connection so she was
The first recorded experiments of nuclear fusion was in Cambridge in the UK during the 1930’s, however the experiments where a failure and the idea of nuclear fusion was mocked and abandoned. After World War II, nuclear fusion became a hot topic, especially following the success of the Manhattan
In late 1942, the US decided it was time for them to take action in the war and do something to stop it. Three years prior the scientific community some how discovered that the German scientists learned how to split an uranium atom. Everyone was soon scared at the possibility of German scientists using that huge amount of energy to produce a bomb capable of massive destruction. Our well known scientists Albert Einstein and Enrico Fermi escaped from nazis. They both agreed that the president of the United States needed to know about the dangers that the Germans could cause.
Lastly, the Franks lived a carefree life once again in Amsterdam, Netherlands until danger strikes again. When the Franks decided to move to Amsterdam Otto went first to set up his company and Edith looked for living quarters for the family. Edith found a house in Merwedeplein for the whole family. In Amsterdam Otto was rarely seen at home because he was working hard at his own business that he owned and created. “After staying behind in Germany with her grandmother in the city of Aachen, Anne joined her parents and sister Margot (1926-45) in the Dutch capital in February 1934.
Not too long after the beginning of the project, a breakthrough occurred in the winter of 1942 (Rhodes). The physicists led by Fermi produced the world’s first controlled Nuclear Chain Reaction at the Stagg Field in the University of Chicago ("The Manhattan Project."). Encouraged by the results and progress, the U.S. government funded the project and endless progress resulted (Rhodes). Robert Oppenheimer, an American theoretical Physicist, was given the task of designing the bomb in Los Alamos Laboratory in New Mexico ("The Manhattan Project"). Responsible for the aforementioned designing and further research, Oppenheimer is accredited as the “father of the atomic bomb” (Rhodes).