By 1871, Otto Von Bismarck had accomplished total German Unification, which included the Southern German States. In my essay, I will analyse how Bismarck used combined politics in order to preserve his power over Germany, the role of the wars against France, Austria and Denmark and how it influenced German politics. I will also discuss how historians have describes his politics as Bonapartist and the previous actions already in place when he was appointed Minister President of Prussia. Throughout his political career, Bismarck used combines politics as a method of maintaining power in an ever politically shifting country. After the revolution of 1848, a new wave of nationalism and liberalism had risen and it could not be quashed down, and
French foreign policy during the First World War The First World War emerged from a series of events mainly the first and second Moroccan crisis of 1906 and 1911 respectively. This tested the alliance of France, Britain and Russia also known as the triple entente. During the first phase France suffered major losses in the Battle of Verdun as well as the Trench War. The Van Schlieffen Plan would have been successful had it not been for the measures France took in changing its foreign policy in the international system. France made promises to both the Italians and Serb-Croats in regards to Dalmatia disregarding the Austro-Hungarian territory.
With Italy's resources stretched to capacity, many Italians believed the alliance with Germany would provide time to regroup. But Hitler's invasion of Poland and declaration of war with Britain and France forced Italy into war, and exposed weaknesses in its military. Greece and North Africa soon fell, and only German military intervention in early 1941 saved Mussolini from a military coup. Long Term Effect of Rule: In 1942, at the Casablanca Conference, Winston Churchill
The distrust throughout the countries led to treaties pledging that certain countries would defend each other, which separated the countries outside of the pledges further (Adelblue “Setting the Stage for War”). This only increased the tension, as each country began taking sides, and set the stage for the war. Eventually, Germany began to fear that the French were seeking revenge from a previous war, the Franco-Prussian War. Germany knew that France wouldn’t attack alone, so they quickly took action and formed the Triple Alliance. Germany signed a treaty with Austria-Hungary and Italy, enforcing the fact that each country was beginning to take sides (Adelblue “Setting the Stage for War”).
Thus, General Napoleon, now Emperor, took control of the military and defeated Austria on his first Italian campaign. The treaty of Campo Formio was signed, resulting in a territorial gain for Napoleonic France. After The Little Corsican ended the Reign of Terror’s government based around terror itself, legal and political reforms were made to reshape and rebuild France into a new, functional empire. Napoleon overthrew the Directory with his famous Coup d'etat of 18 Brumaire, ending the previous government that revolved around terror. A Consulate was established to act as the government for the new empire.
I think the most significant cause of WW1 was the alliance system. This was most important because different countries would not be involved if they weren’t allies. Before the war happened, Russia, France and Britain had formed an alliance- the Triple Entente. All three countries think that Germany would be a threat to them. Russia thinks that Germany’s army base is too big; UK thinks that Germany’s wealth and navy increased to threaten UK; The relationship between Germany and France had been sour as Germany stole a land from France, and had been in a long-standing feud with Germany from then.
Warring nations have cultivated the Earth since the beginning of time. Adolf Hitler played an important role in how nations worldwide handle political issues, especially war. Hitler’s early life, rise to power, role in World War II, and racial prejudice played an important role in Nazi Germany coming to power, which plays an important role in how governments around the world function today. Adolf Hitler’s early life lead to his later anger an erratic behavior in his governmental position. Hitler was born on April 20, 1889 in Braunau am Inn, Austria to Alois Hitler and Klara Pölzl (Biography.com Staff).
If Britain hoped to gain the upper hand they would need to have not only a better strategy but also be appropriately equipped. Germany, unfortunately was already demonstrating impressive military might in Spain. Initially Germany had rejected the leaders of the military uprising request to help the military uprising during the Spanish civil war in the 1930’s but eventually Hitler relented and gave Germany’s support. This battles gave the dictator an excuse to test-run his army and leave a bold impression on the world. In addition, Hitler’s interference brought Germany closer to Italy, who was also supporting the military uprising,, ultimately befriending the Italians and gain a potential ally for his struggle against the British and the French.
During the 17th century in Europe, there was major social and political disgruntlement among the people, because of this many European experienced revolutions. Two countries who gained the most traction in their revolutions and saw major change was France and what is now known as Germany. France experienced revolutions in both 1830 and 1848, while Germany experienced a revolution in 1848. I will be focusing on both of Frances revolutions as they were both caused due to corrupt governments and the goal of both was similar, a more republican nation. The reason France had a revolution in 1830 was because the royalist believed the kings had too much power, in 1815 the Congress of Vienna had put a Bourbon Monarch into power names Louis XVIII
Triple Entente consists of the British, French, and Russia nations, while the Triple Alliance were Germany, Austria-Hungary and Italy. Along the way Italy made a treaty with France by which they would go neutral if Germany wanted to attack France. Because of these alliances there were many rivalries that were made. One of it was the want of power over Alsace and Lorraine; this was a rivalry between Germany and France. Rivalry between the navy and economic powers were also caused by tension between Germany and Britain.
Having allies with another nation wasn’t a bad thing, but it did cause distrust between nations and it also caused them to fight for an alliance. Document A ‘‘European Alliances, 1914’’ shows us the different types of alliances that nations had with each other. Germany, Austria-Hungary and Italy were known as the Triple Alliance. There was also the Triple Entente, an alliance between France, Great Britain and Russia. Alliances helped cause the war because nations would be against each other and they would also want to be dominant.
Imperialism was a big impact on the late 1800’s leading into the early 1900’s with counties like the British, Spanish, Russia, and Germany pushing to gain more land in different counties. This would lead to an arms race and the buildup which would lead into World War 1. Many different alliance were made if another country would attack another other countries would help with the fight. This would keep peace till the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria. This was a large impact because a Serbian killed him forcing Germany to against Russia.
After World War I, Germany had lost is land, so France had taken control of the Rhineland. In March 7th 1936, Germany sent troops into the Rhineland as a Declaration of taking back what was theirs. As (Document 3) articulates: “Berlin, March 7-Germany today cast off the last shackles fastened upon by the Treaty of Versailles when Adolf Hitler […] sent his new battle lions into the Rhineland’s demilitarized zone”. When France came to ask the League for help, The League of Nations didn’t lend their
Again, the Russian revolution intervene because of the wretched condition for peasants and workers in that nation. After the success of their revolution in Russia, the leaders of that revolution invited workers in the United States to up rise against their political and economic system in the US. Nonetheless, American workers ignored this invitation, instead they formed unions to advocate for them. This isolationist policies of the United States would continue until World War 2
At the outset, they hoped that, by pointing out that the Orders in Council had been revoked, the U.S. would suspend hostilities. Instead, President Madison demanded an end to impressment, well aware that Britain would not make such a concession in wartime. And so Britain went to war, with no troops to spare to reinforce Canada; it would be defended by a handful of British regulars, Native Americans and Canadian militia. The British imposed the same devastating economic blockade that had crippled France, carefully targeting states like Virginia that had voted for war. By autumn 1814 the American economy had collapsed.