The Weimar constitution highlights their need to support the citizens through welfare reforms. However the welfare state “failed in the end to live up to the grandiose promises” (Evans, 2004) because it was over-strained stated Richard Evans. The welfare reforms economically weakened the regime and caused a social divide in opinions. This investigation will explore the political,
There were problems that the Mughals were facing which form the base for the process of decline. The available social surplus was insufficient to defray the cost of administration, pay for wars, giving the ruling class a standard of life in keeping with the expectations. The expansion of agriculture, Industry and Trade was narrowing compared to the amount of demand due to the Social Crisis, as stated by Satish Chandra. The decline of Mughal Empire was brought about chiefly by a combination of its frontiers being rendered inelastic and the blunting of its long held advantage in heavy cavalry-based warfare, as stated by Rohan D’Souza. The comprehensive reasons that sum-up to the decline of the Mughal Empire: Jagirdari crisis stands the central part of the process of the decline of the Mughal Empire in India, as it was considered the key to the success and existence of the Empire earlier to the period of Aurangzeb.
Spanish economy was in decline as its dependence on agriculture aggravated the effects of the Great depression on its production. Steel and iron production was hit hard as unemployment rose and wages were cut. Usually causes of civil wars can be sorted into three main streams, political, economic and social causes. However applying this in the Spanish civil war would be erroneous as the causes are scattered through time and many of them appeared as consequence of others. Therefore this essay centralizes on 6 main causes of the war which developed into other causes as political tension was building up.
", so this is what I 'll be looking at in this essay. What were the main reasons (political,religious,military,economic, etc) why the western part of the Roman Empire collapsed and therefore what were the consequences of it. Rome was being attacked by many external forces, but it was also collapsing from the inside due to an internal economic crisis. This crisis led to the creation of oppressive taxes so the rich had to move to the countryside to avoid the taxman and they started to create new fiefdoms, in the other side the inflation was growing and the difference between the poor and the rich increased. On the other hand, Rome was going through a labor deficit.
On the economy it was believed that the previous attempts by the Company to introduce free market competition had undermined traditional power structures and bonds of loyalty placing the peasantry at the mercy of merchants and money-lenders. On a political level, it was also felt that the previous lack of consultation between rulers and ruled had been yet another significant factor in contributing to the uprising. Indians were thus drawn into government at a local level. But this policy turned out to be blatantly discriminatory in favor of the Hindus as was manifest in the support the British gave them in their political awakening and mobilization in the late eighties and beyond. Hindu-Muslim Political
Social mobility can be upwards or downwards. In my country there is a general tendency of a downwards mobility as a consequence of many consecutive governments which mismanaged funds, practiced demagogy and as such deteriorated two of the things that posibilitate upwards social mobility which are, education, and a strong currency that makes long term loans something possible. To analyze this issue further in depth I researched about what makes social mobility possible and the state in which they are in my country. To begin with, the economy is very delicate and not very good according to the FMI. Since 2011 growth was severely stopped and investments and companies are either fleeing the country or waiting until what happens after presidential elections.
There were lots of reasons behind the fall of the Empire. Ottoman army did not develop itself, and also confusion among the groups in army is a strong reason behind the demise of the Empire. Also, the discovery of the new world and ways affected the economy of the Ottoman Empire and weaken its economy. Also, French revolution was another important and strong cause behind the fall of the Ottoman
But the Indian economy was transferred into a colonial economy whose nature and structure were determined by the needs of the British economy. High revenue demands and the rigid manner of its collection led to the impoverishment of peasantry and they went into debt-trap. The growing commercialization of agriculture also profited the moneylender-cum-merchant. The deprived peasant cultivator was forced to sell his produce just after the harvest to the merchant, at whatever price he could get, as he had to meet the demands of the Government, the landlord and the moneylender. Indian agriculture began to deteriorate, resulting in extremely low yields per acre.
It becomes necessary for broadening the tax base, increasing revenues, deregulation and for strengthening the reforms. Pakistan’s debt servicing increased in 2004 because it paid $1.4biliion to the Asian development Bank. Pakistan has spent almost half of the budget in debt servicing which means that it will be unable to repay its loans. It is used to be paid on interest on loans or interest on debts. An individual un- able to make payments cannot service one’s debts.