Another example of structure, is Gladwell describes the reasoning behind plane crashes. In the book he describes a pilot's duties during his job. After making listing involving many tasks, but Gladwell stated that the pilot's most important job was "to talk". By stating "he had to", Gladwell shows that even with the large amount of
Fatigue in Aviation Without a doubt, a very common and persistent issue in today’s modern aviation industry is pilot fatigue. Fatigue is defined as the feeling of tiredness or exhaustion, on both a physical or mental level (Robson, 2014). The disruption of sleeping patterns has proven to be a major cause of fatigue (Caldwell, 2016). These distributions can be attributed to a variety of factors commonly faced in the industry such as jet lag, shift lag, insomnia and delayed sleep phase syndrome (Caldwell 2016). The fatigue created by these factors may manifest itself in either an acute or sometimes chronic form.
Abstract The accident on McDonnell Douglas DC-9-82, N215AA of 1991 is a good example of an aviation accident that occurred majorly due to human factors. This paper aims to analyze the main causes involving human factors that lead to the crash. The two core factors associated with the accident include; fatigue and situational stress. Both crew members sustained long duty day that exceeding the maximum waking hours. Additionally, the prevailing weather conditions placed them in a stressful environment.
The aviation disaster of 1977 was undoubtedly a traumatic experience that highlighted the dangers of aviation to many. Tenerife’s air traffic controller, Pan Am, and KLM’s suffered through several small errors that led up to this disaster that headed to the loss of many lives. In this essay, the miscommunications coupled with the uncontrollable weather plays a role in explaining the disaster and how it was handled. In specific terms, David Grayson rationalizes that this catastrophe had several small errors and even unknown quirks that made the incident more so disastrous than it could have been. Consequently, the disaster of 1977 could be viewed as a worst case scenario because of it’s unknown quirks, small errors that could have been fixed
However, this is pure speculation because there are no firm statistics on the problem. "There is no unified system in the industry for collecting information on these incidents. In fact, we do not know unequivocally that the number of passenger interference events is rising, but anecdotal evidence and statistics kept by some air carriers gives strong credence to that belief. Based on an analysis of reporting airlines, as well as a look at the number of recent occurrences reported, it is clear that air rage is occurring around the world, not just within the United States. The stories about air rage are never ending.
Why procrastination will rule the business world “the author john rampton tries to figure out the effects of procrastination. Rampton presented both opinions about procrastination and why we procrastinate supporting that it is not bad. Although the author tries to states some convincing facts about procrastination but he stated many false assumptions, week evidence and logical fallacies which weaken his article. The writer used many convincing and logical sentence in his article. When he stated that from the negative effects of passive procrastination is stress, anxiety and not doing your task in your full ability with disorganization.
Chapter 7- The Ethnic Theory of Plane Crashes Malcolm Gladwell claims that one’s culture differences, such as power distance and communication, can dramatically affect the performance of a task. He uses the environment of flying an airplane to illustrate his point. It opens with Gladwell describing the problem of South Korean airlines. These airlines had a much higher loss rate than most other countries. Gladwell gathered several sources of evidence to explain this phenomenon.
9. Environments Like any other Industry, the airline industry is also affected by changes in its external environment. King III (2009) highlights that leaders are not supposed to compromise the natural environment and the livelihood of future generations. Environmental Factors can also have a significant role to play in an airline industry; like in the case of Prof. McPherson we observe the bad weather reducing his time by 1 hour and thirty minutes. In light of the environmental factors that affect the airline industry this Study will focus on the traditional Political, Economic, Social, Technological, Environmental, and Legal Analysis, often referred to as the PESTEL Analysis.
3.0 Human Element According to James Reason, the term “Human Factor”originated during World War II, in response to the problem faced by people in the aviation industry. Human Factor is all about understanding and enhancing human performance attheir workplace, especially in complex systems. Incorrectly made decisions or actions lead to Human Error. Fatigue, inadequate communications, both between crew members and general technical knowledge, decisions based on inadequate information, psychological and physical factors, etc.are some of the most investigated human factors that cause errors. Usually a lot of small mistakes accumulate and these may have large scale consequences.
This is because memorable events tend to be more magnified and are likely to cause an emotional reaction. Available bias is a cognitive bias that is thought to hinder critical thinking. (Nickerson, June 1998) It is a tendency to let an example come to mind that easily affects your decision making or reasoning. There was a relatively short example of the pilots using available bias, when he stated that he remembered several runway lights being unserviceable the last time he had operated from that airfield. Availability Bias is most often associated with Attentional bias.