Analysis Of Outliers By Malcolm Gladwell

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Intrinsic factors critically considered when people think about the main components of success. However, Malcolm Gladwell, a famous writer, contradicts this tendency through the book, Outliers. The book, Outliers insists that extrinsic factors define success rather than the intrinsic ones. Nonetheless, Gladwell himself goes against the topic of Outliers in his assertion: “if you work hard enough and assert yourself, and use your mind and imagination, you can shape the world to your desires (Gladwell, 2008).” The assertion implies that individuals could achieve success only with those intrinsic factors. Gladwell’s assertion is wrong because people can’t achieve success without an opportunity of relative age, an opportunity to have practical …show more content…

Having an opportunity of practical intelligence is important for achieving success because people can change the situation to their desire by using practical intelligence. Even though asserting oneself is also an important requirement to succeed by appealing with confidence, better results of asserting yourself are guaranteed through capability of practical intelligence which is the ability to knows what, when, and how to say. In chapter 4 of Outliers, practical intelligence is mentioned as a key to success. For example, there is a case of Chris Langan and Robert Oppenheimer in outliers that shows the importance of practical intelligence. Even though they both have high IQ, Robert Oppenheimer succeed, but Chris Langan does not. For the difference, Chris Langan didn’t have the practical intelligence to change the world as he wanted, but Robert Oppenheimer possessed the practical intelligence that allowed him to get what he wanted from the world. Actually, Chris Langan couldn’t get a scholarship of college because he didn’t explain the circumstance properly which shows that he didn’t have the practical intelligence to change bad result to good result (Gladwell, 2008). Actually, Chris Langan just asserting himself. Meanwhile, using practical intelligence, Robert Oppenheimer persuaded the general Leslie Groves, who was in charge of …show more content…

First of all, the opportunity of relative age that gives maturity from early birth date and extends the small advantage from maturity by giving them more experience refutes his assertion that success can be attained with only hard working. Secondly, the opportunity of having practical intelligence that enables people to change the situation in a good way refutes his assertion that success can be achieved by only self- assertiveness. Lastly, the opportunity of fulfilling 10,000 hours practice that gives a chance to achieve basic requirements to become an outlier refutes his assertion that success can be achieved when people imagined the world on their own using mind and imagination. Finally, to shape the world that people desire, people are required more opportunities than factors that Gladwell

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