Paṭicca-Samutpada In Buddhism

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In this paper, I will focus on the concept of paṭicca-samuppāda (in pāli) (pratitya-samutpada in Sanskrit) and the arguments in favour and critical of whether this concept can address to the environmental problems that are there today. I will begin with discussing what the meaning of paṭicca-samuppāda is in Buddhism and the concept of interdependence. Then I will discuss Joanna Rogers Macy’s arguments in favour of this concept and the general systems theory she talks about and Ian Harris’s arguments in denial of this concept as one of the routes for attending to environmental issues. After their arguments, in the conclusion I will give my views.
Paṭicca-samuppāda as in the Buddhist Canon means the dependent arising of the things on the basis
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When this does not exist, that does not come to be; with the cessation of this, that ceases.” This means that on the existence of a particular thing, another comes into being and when that thing does not exist or cease to exist, the result will not come into being.
In the Pāli canon, wisdom means the insight in the co-arising nature of things and this vision of causality is central to the Dharma. In Majjhima Nikāya 28.i.191 (Mahāhatthipadopama Sutta) : “one who sees dependent origination sees the Dhamma; one who sees the Dhamma sees dependent origination.” So, Dhamma itself is equated with paṭicca-samuppāda. In this respect, reality appears as process of interdependency where one depends on the other on the basis of cause and effect. Different causes
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Macy in another article The Greening of the Self talks about the ‘awakening to our true self’ is attained when we awaken ourselves to that of entirety and free ourselves from the notion of isolated self. And the greening of the self, as Macy states, is achieved through the understanding of the causal chain that follows and is emphasized in paṭicca-samuppāda . This causal chain is extended to the level of interconnectedness of all. The identification with others is emphasized rather than our alienation as a separate existing self. The understanding of this interdependency in the universe on causal basis can be issued as one of the solutions to address the emergent problems in

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