The earthquake happened because of the movement from the San Andreas Fault (u-s-history.com) .This little movement from the tectonic caused big things such as earthquake, but what exactly is San Andreas Fault? San Andreas fault is major fracture of the Earth’s crust in extreme western north America (Brittanica). San Andreas fault have caused so many earthquakes in U.S.A, causing many destruction, and causing lost of lifes. Now, What made Northridge Earthquake so destructive? While the Northridge earthquake was happening Californian people couldn’t predict it (u-s-history.com).
The sections will slip, relieving the pressure and creating an earthquake as the energy that was held in the two sections is transferred into seismic waves, also known as an earthquake (Alvarez, et al., 2014). Conclusion The largest earthquake ever recorded on the rector scale is the Great Chilean Earthquake. At some time in the past as some point there could have been a larger earthquake, however the technology did not exist, it would not have been recorded. With the Great Chilean Earthquake there devastating effects of landscape, loss of building and home and the disastrous amount of people that lost their life. Had the technology been available in the 1960’s, the death toll would have been significant reduced and potentially they could have predicted this disastrous
Samoan 2009 tsunami report: What caused the earthquake and tsunami? On Tuesday the 29th of September 2009, a huge tsunami hit Samoa – as well as several other islands – and impacted many, leaving a path of destruction . Tsunamis are big waves that are generated from earthquakes, or volcanic eruptions that occur in the ocean . The tsunami – in the case of Samoa – was caused by an underwater earthquake . An earthquake is when the Earth’s surface shakes in response to the sudden release of energy in its lithosphere which then creates seismic waves .
The large amount of water flooding the country can destroy buildings, roads and infrastructure, and in the evacuation drop people off each other, gridlock occurs, power supply and telecommunications goes down and entire communities may be left marginalized in 1908 hit a tsunami Messina in southern Italy that killed 80,000 people . In 1998 hit Papua New Guinea by a tsunami that destroyed towns and killed about 2200 people and 26 December 2004 happens one of our greatest natural disaster when a large earthquake on the seabed in the Indian Ocean caused a massive tsunami that among other things affected the coasts Sri Lanka, India, Thailand and Indonesia. The destruction was catastrophic and at least 230,000 people lost their lives in the disaster, including 543 Swedish
There is another important difference between P-waves and S-waves. Both can pass through solid rock, only P-waves can pass through gases and liquids. Some of the effects of earthquake are businesses that might get jeopardize, people might break in and steal goods and ruin the business and that will cause economic loss, people belongings will get destroyed and many people might get injured or worse. Tsunamis on the other hand are commonly associated with earth quakes because they are caused by earthquakes under
The Indian Ocean earthquake occurred at almost one o’clock in the middle of the night. The epicentre was located off the West coast of Sumatra, Indonesia, and expanded 30 kilometres. It is one of the largest and most devastating natural disasters in history with a magnitude of 9.1. The tsunami had massive water surges up to twenty metres high, and it travelled as far as three thousand miles to Africa and still arrived with sufficient force to kill people and destroy property. (National Geographic News, 2015).
The surface where they slip or collide is called a “fault place”. The location below the earth’s surface where the earthquake starts is called the “hypocenter”, and the location directly above it on the surface of the earth is called the “epicenter.” Foreshocks, Mainshocks, and Aftershocks Sometimes an earthquake has fore shocks. These are smaller earthquake that occurs before a larger seismic event. The largest main earthquake is called the “main shock”. Main shocks are always
“This quake was so big”(Los Angeles Times 2). “The most important conclusion is not to panic”(Scientific American 2). In July 1958, Lituya Bay, Alaska was hit by three Geo processes. These were a massive earthquake, a harrowing rockslide, and a devastating tsunami. In 1980, Mt.
The devastation of hurricane Irma was wide-spread and will take years to fully recover from. The total damage Hurricane Irma caused is calculated to be around $100 billion. The damage ranged from destruction of houses and building to 6.8 million people being without electricity (O’Hara, Kristy). The storm caused 38 casualties in the Caribbean and 34 in Florida. Irma flooded the entire area, leaving some places with hip-high water; buildings were lost, and caused destruction to anything that stood in the way.
A tsunami event that occurred in 2004 , called the Boxing Day Tsunami, displaced 1.7 million and injured half a million of souls. A total of 230,000 people were killed (Telegraph,2014). Tsunamis are giant ocean waves that are triggered by an earthquakes or volcanic eruptions. These ocean waves will grow in height as they travel inland, due to the depth of the ocean decreasing. The world responded with donations and relief efforts to countries affected which included Indonesia, Thailand, Somalia, Sri Lanka, Burma and Maldives.